Forum Brochure - Society of Petroleum Engineers

More Than Thirty Years of Innovative Thought and Accelerated Results
23–26 February 2015
Le Meridien Istanbul Etiler, Istanbul, Turkey
How Can We Double
Ali Yousef
Saudi Aramco
Stephen Dyer
Ali Issa A. Abdelkerim
Bruno Lalanne
Eric Delamaide
IFP Technologies
Fred Arasteh
George J. Hirasaki
Rice University
Guan Qin
University of Houston
Hamid Behzadi
Kassem Ghorayeb
Carbonate Reservoir Recovery?
29 January
More than 62% of the world’s oil and 40% of the gas reserves reside in carbonates, with recovery factors that are
significantly lower than in sandstones. With a global average recovery rate of 30% today, can we make a 60% or higher
recovery a reality for carbonate oil fields in the future? This SPE forum will address new and emerging science and
technology such as reservoir characterisation, nano and bio-technologies, material and computational science, and
physics and chemistry that could provide significant gains. It will focus on the future needs and opportunities.
As oil recovery processes involve the interplay of rock/fluids and thermodynamic interactions, the optimisation of
hydrocarbon production requires a clear understanding of both static and dynamic reservoir properties at different
scales, ranging from pore to meso-scale. Variability of the connected pore space or “flow channels” throughout the
reservoirs tends to dominate fluid sweep. Vugs, fractures, micro-porosity, and karsts all play a significant role. Variable
wettability within carbonate systems can also differ significantly from sandstones that tend to be strongly water-wet,
affecting the relative mobility of the displacing fluids.
By addressing some of the fundamental understandings at the outset, the forum will address the needed and
emerging technologies to improve reservoir properties and their impact on fluid sweep at different levels. The forum
also addresses data upscaling from the laboratory to the field.
Taking this understanding beyond the range of the wellbore is crucial in managing field production strategies. The
use and improvement of secondary and enhanced oil recovery techniques such as chemical and/or biological will be
covered by linking back to the fundamentals. What is needed for deeper understanding of mechanism and control
of wettability alteration towards minimal residual oil? Can thermal recovery processes or solvents work effectively?
How can new well geometries (e.g. MRC, ERC wells) be optimised? Reservoir monitoring also plays a key role to get a
clear understanding of the recovery efficiency. As less gas becomes available for secondary recovery, can we utilise
other gases like N2₂or CO2₂or make polymers really work? What would be the optimum measurement set that would
allow a comparison with field development and experimental results? And how about the scale-up issues; can these
be short circuited somehow? As we understand and monitor flooding, what control mechanisms are available for us
to optimise production, and what are the “gotcha’s” in the production stream from an assurance and surveillance
standpoint. Finally the technology possibilities of the future will be discussed with a view to providing some of the key
road map requirements for doubling carbonate recovery.
Linhua Guan
Who Will the Forum Appeal to?
Matthew Jackson
Imperial College London
This forum will appeal to multidisciplinary teams and technical experts in operating companies, service companies, and
academic institutions who are involved in aspects of field planning, reservoir gesociences, reservoir, and production
Raj Tewari
Roman Berenblyum
International Research Institute of
Shaikhan Al Khadhuri
Petroleum Development Oman
Forum Series Liaison:
What is a Forum?
SPE Forums offer an exclusive opportunity to interact with innovators, foremost professionals, and leading technologists.
The objective is to create a collaborative, idea-generating forum that stimulates new ideas and innovation about future
challenges facing the E&P industry.
Participants at SPE Forums are selected by the Forum Steering Committee based on their ability to contribute to
facilitated discussions of the topic. Participants are encouraged to come prepared to contribute their experience and
knowledge, rather than be spectators or students.
If you have a role to play in meeting the challenges of tomorrow head-on, apply today.
Ashraf Tahini
Saudi Aramco
Benefits To You and Your Organisation
Birol Demiral
Gain insight and perspective through conversations with peers who share your same interests.
Enjoy the relaxed atmosphere of learning through one-on-one interaction.
eet with other experts from international companies, research institutes, and universities in
an off-the-record format.
Form professional relationships that will continue after the forum has ended.
23–26 February 2015
Istanbul, Turkey
How Can We Double Carbonate Reservoir
These exciting topics will be discussed in an open setting designed for optimal
input from all participants.
Monday, 23 February 2015
0900–1230 hours
Session I: Back to Fundamentals—Physics
and Chemistry of Carbonate Petroleum
Session Managers:
Matthew Jackson, Imperial College London;
Roman Berenblyum, International Research Institute
of Stavanger
As an industry and arguably in academia also, we tend to
get attracted to the “next big thing” and search for how
we can apply this knowledge to various applications.
Nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, deep-imaging,
intelligent field—all are terms we have become
accustomed to.
However the fundamental questions remain largely
unanswered—It is physics and chemistry at the
molecular level between the rock surface, the various
components within the oil and water fluid phases that
control the processes and need to be fully understood.
What drives the conditions of wettability, interfacial, or
capillary forces, adhesion, and relative permeability?
Could those conditions be changed? What are the
mechanisms? Colloidal science, molecular chemistry,
and geo-chemistry, all play a huge role in understanding
this over time scales that necessarily have to cross from
the geological to that of the displacing fluids within a
primary, secondary, or tertiary recovery scenario.
Monday, 23 February 2015
1400–1730 hours
Session II: Understanding the Remaining
Oil at the Reservoir Scale—How Far Can
Technology Take Us?
Session Managers:
Ali Issa A. Abdelkerim, ZADCO;
Raj Tewari, Petronas
Reservoir characterisation tools have been around
since the early 1900s. Yet we still can only see the first
few inches to maximum feet away from the wellbore.
Is this sufficient to determine the quantity and the
location of the remaining oil in place? Well construction
technologies have allowed vast improvements in
accessing reserves. But at what level is the current
limit on well spacing in carbonate fields appropriate
for correlating fluid saturation across a field? What
breakthroughs or innovations in existing technology are
needed that might help resolve the location, quantity,
and interfacial status of the remaining oil in place to the
resolution required to know what to do about it?
Tuesday, 24 February 2015
0900–1230 hours
Session III: So We Think We Know How and
Where the Fluids Are Held in Place, So Now
What Can We Do About It?
Session Managers:
Ali Yousef, Saudi Aramco;
George J. Hirasaki, Rice University
If we knew the condition of the fluids residing in the
pore space and how they were locked in place, how
could we impact these? Chemistry at the fundamental
level must play a huge part here. At the pore level it is
about getting these “agents of recovery” to act at the
right place and right time, and preferably coming back
with the crude to re-cycle. What are the molecules that
might offer a step change in recovery fundamentals
for the future, and how do they address the physicchemistry discussed earlier? How do we assure
ourselves they will do the right thing in situ in field
conditions, and how could we demonstrate this?
What are the processes in the pipeline? (1) Low salinity
or altered electrolyte waterflooding (2) Thermal recovery
in stylolite formations (3) Acid gas (CO2 and/or H2S)
miscible displacement (4) Surfactants for low IFT (5)
Foam mobility control.
Tuesday, 24 February 2015
1400 hours onwards
Group tour followed by dinner
Wednesday, 25 February 2015
0900–1230 hours
Session IV: Are We Delivering the Agents to
the Right Spot? If Not How To Correct?
Session Managers:
Eric Delamaide, IFP Technologies;
Fred Arasteh, Weatherford
Identifying chemicals able to increase recovery in the
lab at the core scale is only the first step in increasing
recovery. The second step is being able to deliver
those chemicals where they need to go. In fractured
reservoirs, chemicals must be able to enter the matrix
in a “reasonable” timeframe. This may not be possible
if the rock is oil wet or the target area is too large. The
existence of a fracture network can facilitate chemical
delivery farther away from injectors but may bypass oil
in the matrix surrounding the well.
Conversely in non-fractured, low permeability
carbonates, fluid mobility is very limited and may
require high injection pressures.
Another key challenge is how to determine whether
the chemical or other agent has actually reached their
target. It is quite possible to manage their diversion
inside or proximal to the wellbore, but controlling them
beyond remains a major challenge.
Wednesday, 25 February 2015
1400–1730 hours
Session V: So We Think We Are Applying
the Optimal EOR Methods, How Do We
Now Assess and Monitor Their Incremental
Session Managers:
Fred Arasteh, Weatherford;
Kassem Ghorayeb, Schlumberger
Are the current available saturation measurement
technologies sufficient to determine how well our
EOR agents are performing? If not, then what else is
needed? And where does the industry R&D stand in
this regard? The producing streams will, at some point,
be impacted by the improved reserves recovery, but
what other issues should be brought to the table that
have to be managed, and how should we manage them
(e.g. environmental issues)? The statement “how do
we double carbonate reservoir recovery” should drive
the question—Do we actually know when we have
recovered double the original estimates? Are there
novel ways we could measure or “tag” each barrel of
additional oil produced due to the improved recovery
method employed.
Thursday, 26 February 2015
hours Assurance and
VI: Production
Session VI: Surveillance—What Are The
Challenges We Should Be Conscious Of And
How Should We Address Them?
Session Managers:
Hamid Behzadi, Oxy;
Stephen Dyer, Schlumberger
Production assurance challenges tend to increase
when adding agents to the injection scheme. How
could these agents of the future affect our production
systems, and the associated hardware required to
move crude from the reservoir to the stock tank?
What are the key challenges that need solving today to
create the production (or injection) wells and pipeline
facilities of the future? Surveillance is crucial in recovery
optimisation especially in fractured reservoirs since
the flood front breakthrough can be sudden and in
unexpected locations. The question remains—How can
we have comprehensive and efficient surveillance while
providing the level of control needed to positively impact
recovery without becoming too extravagant?
Thursday, 26 February 2015
1400–1730 hours
Session VII: Enhancing Carbonate Fields
Recovery Through New And Emerging
Session Managers:
Bruno Lalanne, Total;
Shaikhan Al Khadhuri, Petroleum Development
The oil industry has a long history in producing
carbonate fields with many good practices and
technologies that can be used as learning for other fields
with similar characteristics and challenges.
Still, numerous challenges remain. For example, the
domains of tool resolutions, characterisation and
upscaling of heterogeneity, tracking preferential flow
paths and by-passed areas, optimisating well placement,
to name a few. R&D innovations and advances in
understanding the physic-chemical interactions
at various scales should offer new perspectives in
chemical, polymer and salt water injection, thermal, or
This session provides a platform to address new and
emerging sciences and innovations in fields such as
nano or bio-technologies, material, computational
science, physics and chemistry that significantly
impact the ways we characterise and manage our
reservoirs, discussing, and focusing on future needs and
How Can We Double Carbonate
Reservoir Recovery?
23–26 February 2015
Istanbul, Turkey
Forum Guidelines
Participants are expected to attend every session.
Slides are limited, allowing maximum time for informal discussions and exchange of experience.
Conducted off the record to support the free interchange of information and ideas.
Extensive note taking is not allowed.
Recording of any forum session is prohibited.
Information disclosed at a forum may not be used publicly without the originator’s permission.
articipants are requested to omit reference to forum proceedings in any subsequent published work or
oral presentation.
A written summary may be prepared and distributed to attendees after the forum with unanimous attendee
agreement and at the discretion of the steering committee and SPE approval.
No commercialism.
Application Information
Participants at SPE Forums are selected by the Forum Steering Committee based on the ability to contribute to the
discussion of the topic. Attendance is limited to maximise each person’s opportunity to contribute.
Accepted applicants will receive their registration form and other materials within two weeks of the application
deadline. For those requiring visas to attend the forum, please ensure that you leave sufficient time for your visa to
be processed.
Mail: SPE Middle East, PO Box 215959, Dubai, UAE
An electronic version of the printed application form is available for downloading and printing at You may also contact SPE at +971.4.457.5800 or to receive a printed
application form via mail, fax, or email.
If the committee accepts your application, you will receive registration materials, including more detailed information on
housing, transportation, and fees. If your application is placed on a waiting list, you will receive notification of that fact. After
notification of acceptance, your registration form with payment must be returned by 23 January 2015 to ensure your place
in the forum.
Forum Registration Fee: E
arly Bird: USD 2,800 (Before 23 January 2015)
Late Fee: USD 3,100 (After 23 January 2015)
Includes the following for the forum participant
Registration to attend all seven forum sessions.
Four nights of hotel accommodation including breakfast based on single occupancy.
Welcome reception on Sunday, 22 February 2015.
Group dinner on Monday, 23 February 2015 from 1800 hours.
Group tour followed by dinner on Tuesday, 24 February 2015 starting from 1400 hours.
Lunch provided on all four days.
Please note: Attendees are expected to attend the full forum and the fee is a fixed full registration fee. The base
registration fee does not include accompanying persons. Details of accommodation and rates for spouses and
family members will be sent with the registration packet that will be emailed to each delegate upon acceptance.