My Five Senses (Kindergarten) “Focus on Fruit.”

My Five Senses (Kindergarten)
Write on the Chalkboard
“Focus on Fruit.”
Grow healthy and strong by eating fruit every day.
Students prepare food and taste a fruit salad.
Students express ways they can eat more fruit every day.
Students explain the health benefits of eating fruit.
Students identify that apples, oranges, grapes and kiwi are fruit and they fit in
the fruit group of MyPlate.
Teacher Provides
Will be Delivered
In Kitchen Bin
- chef knife (teacher only)
- cutting board (teacher
- apple wedger
- 4 medium bowls
- large mixing bowl
- mixing spoon
In Paper Goods Bin
- 8 plastic spoons
- plastic knives*
- small paper plates*
- plastic forks*
- napkins*
- plastic gloves (2 per
*one per student
My Five Senses (K)
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activity sheet copies*
recipe copies*
large chart to collect sense
information on the four fruits
MyPlate poster
book: "My Five Senses" by Aliki
4 apples
4 oranges
bunch of grapes (1-2 lb.)
4 kiwi fruit
plastic coated paper plates*
Make copies of Five Senses Fruit Salad recipe (each student) and activity sheet
(each student) Note: Only make copies of second activity sheet if you think there
will be time for students to complete.
Work area:
Students will work individually at their desks.
Have nutrition table ready for lesson materials and ingredients.
Wash apples, grapes, oranges and kiwis.
Put grapes in a bowl.
Cut apples into quarters for students to later cut into smaller pieces.
Peel oranges and divide for students to later cut into smaller pieces.
Cut the kiwi fruit in half. Eight students will spoon or scoop out the pulp of the
kiwi and cut it up. Important: the students working with the kiwi will need to use
plastic spoons and knives for scooping and cutting.
Have plastic coated paper plates, plastic knives, and plastic gloves ready for
students to use when cutting fruit.
Have paper plates, plastic forks, and napkins ready for serving the salad.
Create a My Five Senses Chart (see chart at end of lesson for example). Use
chart paper, chalkboard, or use an overhead device to show the example chart.
Display this chart where you can write on it easily, but also where the students
can see it.
Have the book, "My Five Senses" ready to read to the class.
What are the five senses? (sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch)
Refer to the Key Behavior on the board and tell students that you can use all
five of your senses to “Focus on Fruit” and enjoy eating it every day and that
eating fruit every day is very important for their health!
Our five senses help us understand the world around us.
Read book, "My Five Senses" by Aliki. While reading, engage the students in
conversation about the senses they use while doing the activities mentioned. Ask
the students what senses they are using while listening to the story.
Tell students that today we are going to explore grapes with our five senses, and
then we will make a delicious Five Senses Fruit Salad.
Step 1:
Have students wash their hands with soap and warm water.
Step 2:
Pass out the activity sheet, napkins and one grape to each student. Ask
students not to touch their grape.
My Five Senses (K)
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Step 3:
Go over the activity sheet with students. Have them keep the grape on
their napkin for looking at only. Ask students to describe what their grape
looks like. Tell students to write what their grape looks like in the box next
to the word "sight".
Encourage them to use colors, shapes or
comparisons to other objects. Write their answers on the class chart and
continue to do so for each sense.
Step 4:
Point to the row below sight. Ask the students what the next sense is
(touch). Model how they can use the tips of their fingers to feel the texture
of their grape. Have them fill in the box for the sense “touch”. Write their
answers on the class chart.
Step 5:
Now show the students how to complete the last 3 senses. Model how
they will hold the piece of fruit under their nose to explore the smell of the
grape. Then show them how to place the fruit carefully on their tongue to
explore the taste of the grape. Finally model how they can bite into their
grape, listening to the sound the fruit makes between their teeth.
Step 6:
After completing their 5 senses chart, and class chart, pass out the recipe,
plates, knives and plastic gloves. Go over the recipe with the students.
Pass out the fruit for the students to cut up. Important: Don’t forget the
remaining grapes. Demonstrate to the 8 students working with the kiwi
fruit how to scoop and cut.
Step 7:
When students have finished cutting, collect and add all the fruit together
into one bowl as the students watch.
Step 8:
Hand out plates, forks and napkins to each student. Serve a spoonful of
fruit salad to each student.
Step 9:
Let’s Eat, Let’s Talk. While students are eating ask them what they
learned by having them explain how fruit helps our bodies.
Encourage students to use their five senses to “Focus on Fruit” and
enjoy eating it every day. Ask and discuss the questions in Make
Health Happen.
Step 10:
If there is time pass out the Fruit Salad activity sheet and have students
write words to describe the whole salad using their 5 senses or do one as
a whole class. Have the students use the words on their 5 senses chart.
The students can write their words upside down, sideways, etc. to make
the words look like fruit in a salad or they can draw and color fruit pictures.
Step 11:
Have students take their recipes home to share with their families.
My Five Senses (K)
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What did your 5 senses like about the fruit salad?
Why is it a healthy choice to take this recipe home
and share it with your family?
How often do you need to eat fruit? What fruit
have you eaten today?
What steps could you take to make the salad at
home with your family?
Comprehensive Health
• GR.K-S.2-GLE.1 Identify the major food groups and the benefits of eating a
variety of foods.
Reading, Writing and Communicating
• GR.K-S.1-GLE.1 Oral communication skills are built within a language-rich
• GR.K-S.1-GLE.2 Communication relies on effective verbal and nonverbal skills.
• GR.K-S.2-GLE.2 A concept of print to read and a solid comprehension of
informational texts are the building blocks for reading.
• GR.K-S.2-GLE.3 Decoding words in print requires alphabet recognition and
knowledge of letter sounds.
• GR.K-S.3-GLE.1 Text types and purposes, labels, and familiar words are used to
communicate information and ideas.
• GR.K-S.3-GLE.2 Appropriate mechanics and conventions are used to create
simple texts.
My Five Senses (K)
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We rely on our five senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch) to tell us about
the world around us. The five sense organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin)
send messages via nerves to the brain.
Sight: Our eyes respond to light and send messages to the brain so that we can
see the world around us. Scientists are still not sure exactly how the brain makes
sense of the information from the eyes.
Hearing: Sound waves are collected by the earflap and channeled into the ear
canal. There, the eardrum converts the waves to vibrations, which are passed on
by the tiny bones of the middle ear. The vibrations cause ripples in the liquid of
the inner ear, which bend the tiny hairlike receptor cells deep inside the inner ear.
As the hairs bend, they produce nerve impulses, which are sent to the brain.
Smell: As you breathe in through your nose, the tiny hair-like structures called
cilia are able to detect smells in the air. Smell is 20,000 times more sensitive
than taste in humans, and the human nose can identify around 10,000 different
smells. The sense of smell has a strong influence on the sense of taste. Food
smells can elicit a strong association to happy family meals or holiday meals.
Taste: Our tongues are covered with thousands of tiny bumps called papillae.
On the sides of the papillae are taste buds. As we chew our food, small particles
of it dissolve into the saliva and then come into contact with our taste buds. The
taste buds send information about the food to the brain. The sense of taste and
the sense of smell work together to give you the flavor of the food. Taste buds
are more sensitive in young children than in adults.
Touch: The skin that covers our bodies is divided into two layers. The thin outer
epidermis is continually wearing away. Beneath the epidermis is the dermis
where the skin's sense receptors are located. There are several types of sense
receptors in the skin, and each one detects a different sensation. Usually several
receptors are stimulated at the same time. People who are blind often develop a
highly sensitive sense of touch.
Although we primarily eat for nutritional reasons, it is also an enjoyable
experience. Our five senses work together to allow us to enjoy our meals. Many
people rush through their meals and forget to spend time relishing the information
their five senses send to the brain about the food they are eating.
Most children like fruit. Fruit is nutritious and delicious. It is a healthy addition to
any meal as well as an excellent snack food or dessert due to its sweet taste and
refreshing juiciness. Fruit supplies energy in the form of carbohydrates, plus
vitamins, fiber, and some minerals. It is also low in calories due to the high water
content and little or no fat content.
The main contribution fruit makes to our diet is vitamins, especially vitamin C and
beta-carotene. Certain fruits provide some minerals, for example: potassium in
bananas, pears and oranges; iron in berries and dried fruits; and small amounts
of calcium and magnesium. Fruit also contributes soluble and insoluble fiber.
Since fruit is packed with nutrients, eating a variety of fruits helps ensure you are
getting adequate amounts of vitamins, minerals and fiber. Research also shows
a high intake of fruits and vegetables can help prevent diseases such as some
cancers and heart disease.
My Five Senses (K)
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Five Senses Fruit Salad
Yield: 10 servings
4 apples
4 kiwi fruit
4 oranges
1 bunch of grapes
Wash, core and cut the apples into small pieces.
Peel and cut the oranges into small pieces.
Wash and cut the grapes in half.
Cut the kiwi fruit in half, scoop out the green middle with a
spoon and cut it into small pieces.
5. Put all the fruit into a bowl and mix it up.
6. Eat and enjoy!
Focus on fruit!
Use your five senses to enjoy eating fruit every day!
This material was funded by USDA’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides nutrition assistance
to people with low income. It can help you buy nutritious foods for a better diet.
To find out more, contact your county social services office. This institution is
an equal opportunity provider and employer.
My Five Senses (K)
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Ensalada de Frutas de Nuestros Cinco Sentidos
Porciones: 6-8
4 manzanas
4 kiwis
4 naranjas
1 racimo de uvas
Lavar y pelar la manzana, y cortarla en pequeños trocitos.
Pelar la naranja y cortarla en trozos pequeños.
Lavar y cortar las uvas en mitades.
Cortar el kiwi por la mitad, sacar con una cuchara la parte
verde del medio, y cortar en trocitos.
5. Colocar toda la fruta en un tazón y mezclar.
6. ¡A comer y disfrutar!
¡Concéntrate en las frutas!
¡Usen los cinco sentidos para disfrutar comiendo
frutas todos los días!
Este material se desarrolló con fondos proporcionados por el Supplemental Nutrition
Assistance Program (SNAP en inglés) del Depatamento de Agricultura de los
EE.UU. (USDA siglas en inglés). SNAP ofrece asistencia relacionada con la
nutrición para gente con recursos limitados. Estos beneficios le pueden ayudar a
comprar comida nutritiva para una mejor dieta. Para obtener más información,
comuníquese con la oficina de servicios sociales de su condado. USDA es un
proveedor y empleador que ofrece oportunidad igual para todos.
My Five Senses (K)
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Our Five Senses
Name: ____________________ Date: __________
Fruit: Grape
What does your fruit
look like?
What does your fruit
feel like?
What does your fruit
smell like?
What does your fruit
taste like?
What do you hear
when you bite into
your fruit?
My Five Senses (K)
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Nuestros Cinco Sentidos
Nombre: ____________________ Fecha: __________
Fruta: Uva
La Vista
¿Cómo se ve la fruta?
El Tacto
¿Cómo se siente
la fruta?
El Olfato
¿A qué huele la fruta?
El Saborear
¿A qué sabe la fruta?
El Oído
¿Qué oyes al morder
la fruta?
My Five Senses (K)
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Our Five Senses Word Salad
Name: _________________________ Date: ____________
Write words that describe your Five Senses Fruit Salad inside the
bowl or draw a picture of your Five Senses Fruit Salad.
The fruits I put in the Five Senses Fruit Salad were:
____________ _____________ ____________ ____________
I can make a fruit salad!
My Five Senses (K)
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Nuestros Cinco Sentidos Ensalada de Palabras
Nombre: _________________________ Fecha: ____________
Escribe las palabras que describen tu ensalada de frutas Cinco
Sentidos dentro de la ensaladera o haz un dibujo de tu ensalada
de frutas Cinco Sentido.
Las frutas que puse hoy en la ensalada de los cinco sentidos son:
____________ _____________ ____________ ____________
¡Yo puedo hacer una ensalada de frutas!
My Five Senses (K)
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Our Five Senses
(Teacher Only--Example for Large Chart or Overhead
Fill in this chart with the students' responses after they have
completed their individual sheets.
My Five Senses (K)
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Fruit Salad
Nuestros Cinco Sentidos
(Solo para el maestro/tra-- Ejemplo de Tabla Grandes o
Llene este cuadro con las respuestas de los estudiantes, después que hayan
completado sus propias hojas.
La Vista
El Tacto
El Olfato
El Gusto
El Oído
My Five Senses (K)
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Ensalada de Frutas