BSTM Celebrating R Black History Month Black College Football Hall of Fame Class of 2015 Class of 2015 Ken Riley Donnie Shell Roger Brown Richard Dent L.C. Greenwood Coach W.C. Gorden Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd Richard Dent TenneessState University/ Chicago Bears “Mr. Cub” “Ernie” Banks 1-31-1931 – 1-23-2015 Evelyn Ashford USA Olympian Extraordinaire Pele “The King of Football” “The King Pele” “The King” Inside F1 Championship – Black College Football HOF - Photo Gallery – Black College Coaches’ Trailblazer Award NFL – Soccer – Boxing – Olympic History & Trailblazers Listing of HBCUs February 2015 Vol. 2 Getting Health Insurance Is More Affordable Than You Might Think Visit GETCOVEREDAMERICA.ORG to learn About your health insurance options today. Open enrollment ends February 15, 2015. INSIDE THIS ISSUE COVER STORY Black College Football Hall of Fame Class of 2015 30 Roger Brown - University of Maryland Eastern Shore 31 Richard Dent - Tennessee State University 32 L.C. Greenwood - University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff 32 Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd - Grambling State University 35 Ken Riley - Florida A&M University 36 Donnie Shell - South Carolina State University 37 Coach W.C. Gorden - Jackson State University BLACK HISTORY 14 16 22 24 29 38 38 40 Sweet Thunder: Sugar Ray Robinson - A Book Review Pele: “The King of Football” (O Reido Futebol), “The King Pele” (O Rei Pele) or “The King” (O Rei) Woody Strode: Decathlete, Football Star & Popular & Pioneering AfricanAmerican Film Actor Lewis Hamilton [2014 Formula One Season] Wins the 2014 World Driver’s Championship Evelyn Ashford: USA Olympian Extraordinaire Spotlight On: Johnny Grier - First African-American Referee in the History of the NFL Muhammad Ali’s Quote UCLA Announces Jackie Robinson Athletics and Recreation Complex Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) 10 List of Historically Black Colleges and Universities SPECIALS 6 “Mr. Club” - “Ernie” Banks: January 31, 1931 - January 23, 2015 FEATURES PHOTO GALLERY 4 The Greatest Winner vs The Greatest Athlete BSTM is published digitally, monthly by Black Sports The Magazine, LLC. Principal Office: Washington, D.C. Melvin Bell, Chairman & CEO. 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Decisions as to the editing and publishing of materials are based on space availability and the discretion of the publisher and editor. BSTM assumes no financial responsibility for failure to publish an advertisement, incorrect placement or typographical errors in its publication. Advertisers are solely responsible for the content of their advertising and claims and offers contained within their advertising. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without the consent of BSTM. When by-line or attribute is vacant, source of articles and photos are credited to Wikipedia. © Copyright 2004 BSTMLLC The Greatest Winner v [NBA H Bill Russell vs The Greatest Athlete istory] Wilt Chamberlain “Mr. Cub” “Ernie” Banks January 31, 1931 – January 23, 2015 Ernest “Ernie” Banks, nicknamed “Mr. Cub,” was an American professional baseball player. He was a Major League Baseball (MLB) shortstop and first baseman for 19 seasons, 1953 through 1971. He spent his entire MLB career with the Chicago Cubs. He was a National League (NL) All-Star for 11 seasons, playing in 14 All-Star Games. Banks is regarded by some as one of the greatest players of all time. Banks was born and raised in Dallas, Texas. He entered Negro League Baseball in 1950, playing for the Kansas City Monarchs. He served in the U.S. military for two years, and returned to the Monarchs before beginning his major league career in September 1953. Banks made his first MLB All-Star Game appearance in 1955. He received two consecutive National League Most Valuable Player Awards in 1958 and 1959. He received his first and only Gold Glove Award for shortstop in 1960. He was transferred to the left field position during the 1961 season, followed by a final change to first base that year. Cubs manager Leo Durocher became frustrated with Banks in the mid-1960s, saying that the slugger’s performance was faltering, but he felt that he was unable to remove Banks from the lineup due to the star’s popularity among Cubs fans. Banks was a player-coach from 1967 through 1971. In 1970, he hit his 500th career home run. In 1972, he joined the Cubs coaching staff after his retirement as a player. Banks was active in the Chicago community during and after his tenure with the Cubs. He founded a charitable organization, became the first Black Ford Motor Company dealer in the United States, and made an unsuccessful bid for a local political office. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977. In 1999, he was named to the Major League Baseball AllCentury Team. In 2013, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his contribution to sports. Banks lived in the Los Angeles area. Banks was born in Dallas, Texas, to Eddie and Essie Banks on January 31, 1931. He had eleven siblings, ten of them younger. His father, who had worked in construction and was a warehouse loader for a grocery chain, played baseball for Black semi-pro teams in Texas. As a child, Banks was not very interested in baseball, preferring swimming, basketball and football. His father bought him a baseball glove for less than three dollars at the local five and dime store. He bribed Banks with nickels and dimes to play catch. Ernie’s mother encouraged him to follow one of his grandfathers into a career as a minister. He graduated from Booker T. Washington High School in 1950. He lettered in basketball, football and track. While the school did not have a baseball team, he played fastpitch softball for a church team during the summer. He was also a member of the Amarillo Colts, a semi-pro baseball team. History professor Timothy Gilfoyle wrote that Banks was discovered by Bill Blair, a family 6 BSTM friend who scouted for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League. Other sources report that he was noticed by Cool Papa Bell of the Monarchs. In 1951, Banks was drafted into the U.S. Army and served in Germany during the Korean War. He suffered a knee injury in basic training, but recovered after a few weeks of rest and therapy. He served as a flag bearer in the 45th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion at Fort Bliss. While there, he played with the Harlem Globetrotters on a part-time basis. In 1953, he was discharged from the army and finished playing for the Monarchs that season with a .347 batting average. Banks later said, “Playing for the Kansas City Monarchs was like my school, my learning, my world. It was my whole life.” In fact, when he was sold to the Chicago Cubs, Banks was reluctant to leave his Monarchs teammates. Banks signed with the Cubs in the fall of 1953. He made his major league debut at Wrigley Field on September 17th at age 22, and played in ten games. He became one of a handful of former Negro League players who joined MLB teams without playing in the minor leagues, and was also the Cubs’ first Black player. In regard to Banks’ view of race in baseball, authors Larry Moffi and Jonathan Kronstadt wrote that Banks “just was not the crusading type. He was so grateful to be playing baseball for a living, he did not have time to change the world, and if that meant some people called him an Uncle Tom, well, so be it. Banks was not about changing anyone’s mind about the color of his skin. He was about baseball, pure and simple.” He received a visit from Jackie Robinson during that first game he played that influenced his quiet presence in baseball. Robinson told Banks, “Ernie, I’m glad to see you’re up here so now just listen and learn.” “For years, I didn’t talk, and learned a lot about people.” Over time when Banks felt like becoming more vocal, he discussed the issue with teammate Billy Williams, who advised him to remain quiet. Williams drew the analogy of fish that get caught once they open their mouths. In 1954, Banks’ double play partner during his official rookie season was Gene Baker, the second Cubs Black player. Banks and Baker roomed together on road trips, and became the first all-Black double-play combination in major league history. When Steve Bilko played first base, Cubs announcer Bert Wilson referred to the Banks-Baker-Bilko double play combination as “Bingo to Bango to Bilko.” Banks hit 19 home runs and finished second to Wally Moon in Rookie of the Year voting. Banks became a participant in a trend toward much lighter baseball bats after he accidentally picked up a teammate’s bat and liked how easy it was to generate bat speed. In 1955, Banks hit 44 home runs, had 117 RBIs, and batted .295. He played in his first of 14 All-Star Games that season. His home run total was a single-season record among shortstops. He also set a thirty year record of five single-season grand slam February 2015 home runs. Banks finished third that year in the league’s Most Valuable Player (MVP) voting. The Cubs finished with a 72-81 win-loss record, winning only 29 of 77 road games. In 1956, Banks missed 18 games due to a hand infection, breaking his 424 consecutive games played streak. He finished the season with 28 home runs, 85 RBIs, and a .297 batting average. In 1957, he finished the season with 43 home runs, 102 RBIs, and a .285 batting average. In 1958 and 1959, Banks became the first NL player to be awarded back-to-back NL MVP Awards. He hit .313 and led the NL with 47 HR in 1958 and hit .304 with 45 HR in 1959, and was the league’s RBI leader with 129 and 143 RBI in both of those seasons. In 1959, the Cubs came the closest to a winning season since Banks’ arrival, finishing with a 74-80 record. In 1960, Banks hit a league-leading 41 HR, had 117 RBI, and led the league in games played for the sixth time in seven years. He also received the league’s annual Gold Glove Award for shortstop that year. In 1961, Banks began having problems with his knee while playing shortstop when moving to his left or right side. It was the same knee he had injured while in the army. After playing in 717 consecutive games, he pulled himself from the Cubs lineup for at least four games, ending his pursuit of the NL consecutive games played streak (895 games) set by Stan Musial. In May, the Cubs announced that Jerry Kindall would replace Banks at shortstop and that Banks would move to left field. Banks later said, “Only a duck out of water could have shared my loneliness in left field.” Banks credited center fielder Richie Ashburn with helping him learn how to play left field. In 23 games, he committed only one error. In June, he was moved to first base, learning that position from former first baseman and Cubs coach Charley Grimm. The Cubs began playing under the College of Coaches in 1961, a system in which decisions were made by a group of 12 coaches rather than by one manager. By the 1962 season, Banks hoped to return to shortstop, but the College of Coaches had determined that he would remain at first base indefinitely. In May 1962, Banks was hit in the head by a fastball from former Cubs pitcher Moe Drabowsky, and was taken off the field unconscious. He sustained a concussion on Friday, was in the hospital for two nights, sat out a Monday game, and hit three home runs and a double on Tuesday. In May 1963, Banks set a single-game record for putouts by a first baseman (22). However, he caught the mumps that year and finished the season with 18 home runs, 64 RBIs, and a .227 batting average. Despite Banks’ struggles that season, the Cubs managed to have their first winning record since the 1940s. Banks, following his doctor’s orders, skipped his usual off season participation in handball and basketball, and began the BSTM 1964 season weighing seven pounds more than the previous year. In February, Cubs second baseman Ken Hubbs was killed in a plane crash. Banks finished the season with 23 home runs, 95 RBI’s, and a .264 batting average. The Cubs finished in eighth place, losing over $315,000. In 1965, Banks hit 28 home runs, had 107 RBI’s, a .265 batting average, and played in the All-Star Game. On September 2nd, he hit his 400th home run. The Cubs had finished the season with a baseball operations deficit of $1.2 million, though this was largely offset by television and radio revenue, as well as the rental of Wrigley Field to the Chicago Bears football team. Leo Durocher was hired to be the Cubs manager in 1966. The Cubs hoped that Durocher could inspire renewed interest in the Chicago fan base. Banks hit only 15 home runs and the Cubs finished the 1966 season in last place with a 59-103 win-loss record, the worst season of Durocher’s career. From the time that Durocher arrived in Chicago, he was frustrated at his inability to trade or bench the aging Banks. In Durocher’s autobiography, the manager recalled that “he was a great player in his time. Unfortunately, his time wasn’t my time. Even more unfortunately, there was not a thing I could do about it. He couldn’t run, he couldn’t field; toward the end, he couldn’t even hit. There are some players who instinctively do the right thing on the base paths. Ernie had an unfailing instinct for doing the wrong thing. But I had to play him. Had to play the man or there would have been a revolution in the street.” Banks, on the other hand, said of Durocher, “I wish there had been someone around like him early in my career... He’s made me go for that little extra needed to win.” Durocher served as Cubs manager until midway through 1972, the season after Banks retired. In Mr. Cub, a memoir published around the time that Banks retired, the slugger said that too much had been made of the racial implications in his relationship with Durocher, and he summarized his thoughts on race relations: My philosophy about race relations is that I’m the man and I’ll set my own patterns in life. I don’t rely on anyone else’s opinions. I look at a man as a human being; I don’t care about his color. Some people feel that because you are Black you will never be treated fairly, and that you should voice your opinions, be militant about them. I don’t feel this way. You can’t convince a fool against his will... If a man doesn’t like me because I’m Black, that’s fine. I’ll just go elsewhere, but I’m not going to let him change my life. The Cubs named Banks a player-coach for the 1967 season. He competed with John Boccabella for a starting position at first base. Shortly thereafter, Durocher named Banks the outright starter at first base. Banks went to the All-Star Game, hit 23 home runs, and drove in 95 runs that year. After the 1967 season, February 2015 7 an article in Ebony pointed out that Banks had not been thought to make more than $65,000 (equal to $459,736 today) in any season. Banks had received a pay increase from $33,000 to $50,000 between his MVP seasons in 1958 and 1959, but Ebony reported that several MLB players were making $100,000 at the time. Banks won the Lou Gehrig Memorial Award in 1968, an honor recognizing playing ability and personal character. The 37-year-old Banks hit 32 home runs, had 83 RBI’s, and finished that season with a .246 batting average. In 1969, he came the closest to helping the Cubs win the National League pennant. The Cubs fell out of first place after holding an 8 game lead in August. Banks made his eleventh and final All-Star Game appearance that season. Banks hit his 500th home run on May 12, 1970, at Chicago’s Wrigley Field. On December 1, 1971, Banks retired as a player but continued to coach for the Cubs until 1973. He was an instructor in the minor leagues for the next three seasons, and also worked in the Cubs front office. proud possession. Banks was voted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977, his first year of eligibility. He received votes on 321 of the 383 ballots. Though several players were selected through the Veterans Committee and the Committee on Negro Baseball Leagues that year, Banks was the only player elected by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America. He was inducted on August 8th of that year. During his induction speech, he said, “We’ve got the setting - sunshine, fresh air, the team behind us. So let’s play two!” The Cubs retired Banks’ uniform number 14 in 1982. He was the first player to have his number retired by the team. No other numbers were retired by the team for another five years, when Billy Williams received the honor. Through the 2013 season, only six former Cubs have had their numbers retired. “Ernie” Banks’ Statute Banks finished his career with 512 home runs, and his 277 home runs as a shortstop were a career record at the time of his retirement. (Cal Ripken, Jr., now holds the record for most home runs as a shortstop with 345.) Banks holds Cubs records for games played (2,528), at-bats (9,421), extra-base hits (1,009), and total bases (4,706). Banks excelled as an infielder as well. He won a National League Gold Glove Award for shortstop in 1960. He led the NL in putouts five times, and was the NL leader in fielding percentage as shortstop three times and once as first baseman. He holds the major league record for most games played without a postseason appearance (2,528). In his memoir, citing his fondness for the Cubs and owner Philip K. Wrigley, he said that he did not regret signing with the Cubs rather than one of the more successful baseball franchises. Banks’s popularity and positive attitude led to the nicknames “Mr. Cub.” Banks was known for his catchphrase, “It’s a beautiful day for a ballgame... Let’s play two,” expressing his wish to play a doubleheader every day out of his pure love for the game of baseball. Banks ran for alderman in Chicago in 1962. He lost the election and later said, “People knew me only as a baseball player. They didn’t think I qualified as a government official and no matter what I did I couldn’t change my image... What I learned, was that it was going to be hard for me to disengage myself from my baseball life, and I would have to compensate for it after my playing days were over.” Banks and Bob Nelson became the first Black owners of a U.S. Ford Motor Company dealership in 1967. Nelson had been the first non-White commissioned officer in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. He operated an import car dealership before their venture. Banks was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Chicago Transit Authority in 1969. On a trip to Europe, Banks was able to visit the Pope, who presented him with a medal that became a BSTM When the 1984 Cubs won the NL East Division, the club named Banks an honorary team member. At the 1990 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, the first one held at Wrigley Field since Banks’ playing days, he threw out the ceremonial first pitch to starting catcher Mike Scioscia. He was named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. In the same year, the Society for American Baseball Research listed him 27th on a list of the 100 greatest baseball players. Banks established a charity, the Live Above & Beyond Foundation, which assists youth and the elderly with self-esteem, healthcare and other opportunities. In 2008, Banks released a charity wine called Ernie Banks 512 Chardonnay. All of its proceeds are donated to his foundation. On March 31, 2008, a statue of Banks (“Mr. Cub”) was unveiled in front of Wrigley Field. That same year, Eddie Vedder released the song “All The Way.” Banks had asked Vedder to write a song about the Cubs as a birthday gift. In 2009, Banks was named a Library of Congress Living Legend, a designation that recognizes those “who have made significant contributions to America’s diverse cultural, scientific and social heritage.” On August 8, 2013, he was announced as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He was honored with 15 other people, including Bill Clinton and Oprah Winfrey. He said that he presented President Obama with a bat that belonged to Jackie Robinson. Banks died after a long illness on the night of January 23, 2015 in Chicago, only 8 days before his 84th birthday. Reactions and tributes were widespread. Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said in a statement: “Ernie Banks was more than a baseball player. He was one of Chicago’s greatest ambassadors. He loved this city as much as he loved — and lived for — the game of baseball. “President Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle, called Banks “an incredible ambassador for baseball and for the city of Chicago.” President Obama hailed his “cheer and his optimism and his eternal faith that someday the Cubs would go all the way.” February 2015 9 List of Historically Black Colleges and Universities This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community. Alabama Alabama A&M University Alabama State University Bishop State Community College Concordia College, Selma Gadsden State Community College J. F. Drake State Technical College Lawson State Community College Miles College Oakwood University Selma University Shelton State Community College Stillman College Talladega College Trenholm State Technical College Tuskegee University Arkansas University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff Arkansas Baptist College Philander Smith College Shorter College Delaware Delaware State University District of Columbia University of the District of Columbia Howard University Florida Bethune-Cookman University Edward Waters College Florida A&M University Florida Memorial University Georgia Albany State University Clark Atlanta University Fort Valley State University Interdenominational Theological Center Morehouse College Morehouse School of Medicine Morris Brown College Paine College Savannah State University Spelman College Kentucky Kentucky State University Louisiana Dillard University Grambling State University Southern University at New Orleans Southern University at Shreveport Southern University and A&M College Xavier University of Louisiana Maryland Bowie State University Coppin State University 10 Huntsville Montgomery Mobile Selma Gadsden Huntsville Bessemer Fairfield Huntsville Selma Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa Talladega County Montgomery Tuskegee Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama 1875 1867 1927 1922 1925 1961 1949 1905 1896 1878 1952 1876 1867 1947 1881 Public Public Public Private Public Public Public Private Private Private Public Private Private Public Private Pine Bluff Little Rock Little Rock Little Rock Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas 1873 1884 1877 1886 Public Private Private Private Dover Delaware 1891 Public Washington Washington District of Columbia 1851 District of Columbia 1867 Public Private Daytona Beach Jacksonville Tallahassee Miami Gardens Florida Florida Florida Florida 1904 1866 1887 1879 Private Private Public Private Albany Atlanta Fort Valley Atlanta Atlanta Atlanta Atlanta Augusta Savannah Atlanta Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia 1903 1865 1895 1958 1867 1975 1881 1882 1890 1881 Public Private Public Private Private Private Private Private Public Private Frankfort Kentucky 1886 Public New Orleans Grambling New Orleans Shreveport Baton Rouge New Orleans Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana 1869 1901 1959 1967 1881 1915 Private Public Public Public Public Private Bowie Baltimore Maryland Maryland 1865 1900 Public Public BSTM February 2015 List of Historically Black Colleges and Universities This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community. University of Maryland Eastern Shore Morgan State University Michigan Lewis College of Business Mississippi Alcorn State University Coahoma Community College Hinds Community College at Utica Jackson State University Mississippi Valley State University Rust College Tougaloo College Missouri Harris-Stowe State University Lincoln University of Missouri New York Medgar Evers College North Carolina Barber-Scotia College Bennett College Elizabeth City State University Fayetteville State University Johnson C. Smith University Livingstone College North Carolina A&T State University North Carolina Central University Shaw University St. Augustine’s University Winston-Salem State University Ohio Central State University Wilberforce University Oklahoma Langston University Pennsylvania Cheyney University of Pennsylvania Lincoln University South Carolina Allen University Benedict College Claflin University Clinton Junior College Denmark Technical College Morris College South Carolina State University Voorhees College Tennessee American Baptist College Fisk University Knoxville College Lane College LeMoyne-Owen College Meharry Medical College Tennessee State University Princess Anne Baltimore Maryland Maryland 1886 1867 Public Public Detroit Michigan 1928 Private Lorman Coahoma County Utica Jackson Itta Bena Holly Springs Hinds County Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi 1871 1924 1903 1877 1950 1866 1869 Public Public Public Public Public Private Private St. Louis Jefferson City Missouri Missouri 1857 1866 Public Public Brooklyn New York 1970 City University Concord Greensboro Elizabeth City Fayetteville Charlotte Salisbury Greensboro Durham Raleigh Raleigh Winston-Salem North North North North North North North North North North North 1867 1873 1891 1867 1867 1879 1891 1910 1865 1867 1892 Private Private Public Public Private Private Public Public Private Private Public Wilberforce Wilberforce Ohio Ohio 1887 1856 Public Private Langston Oklahoma 1897 Public Cheyney Chester County Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1837 1854 Public Public Columbia Columbia Orangeburg Rock Hill Denmark Sumter Orangeburg Denmark South South South South South South South South 1870 1870 1869 1894 1947 1908 1896 1897 Private Private Private Private Public Private Public Private Nashville Nashville Mechanicsville Jackson Memphis Nashville Nashville Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee 1924 1866 1875 1882 1862 1876 1912 Private Private Private Private Private Private Public BSTM February 2015 Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina Carolina 11 List of Historically Black Colleges and Universities This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community. Texas Huston-Tillotson University Jarvis Christian College Paul Quinn College Prairie View A&M University Southwestern Christian College St. Philip’s College Texas College Texas Southern University Wiley College U.S. Virgin Islands University of the Virgin Islands Virginia Hampton University Norfolk State University Virginia State University Virginia Union University Virginia University of Lynchburg West Virginia Bluefield State College West Virginia State University Austin Hawkins Dallas Prairie View Terrell San Antonio Tyler Houston Marshall 1881 1912 1872 1876 1948 1898 1894 1927 1873 Private Private Private Public Private Public Private Public Private St. Croix & St. Thomas U.S. Virgin Islands 1962 Public Hampton Norfolk Petersburg Richmond Lynchburg Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia 1868 1935 1882 1864 1886 Private Public Public Private Private Bluefield Institute West Virginia West Virginia 1895 1891 Public Public BSTM February 2015 Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas 13 Sweet Thunder: Sugar Ray Robinson A Book Review By Leland Stein III Wil Haygood’s new biography of Sugar Ray Robinson, “Sweet Thunder: The Life and Times of Sugar Ray Robinson,” is a prose that tries mightily to weave in the era Robinson lived and plied his fisticuffs, while integrating the historical and social times of the day — which were negative for most African-Americans throughout the United States. Born in Detroit’s Black Bottom in 1921, as Walter Smith Jr., his mother and two sisters, after a year of waiting for their father to gain employment, left rural Georgia in search of a better life. Haygood reflects on how the Great Migration North indeed gave better earning power to many of the sharecroppers from the Southern plantations. However, the newly crowded urban areas’ lack of education among its populace and the mesmerizing allure of the so-called good life proved toxic. The book chronicles how Robinson’s mother despised and loathed the “Big City” and its vices. Worried, she paid the twentyfive cents per month to enroll him at the Brewster Recreation Center. It was the foundation that stayed with him after his mother fled a father in 1932, that had been sucked into the “Big City” life. Haygood recalls how the Brewster Center got the precocious young Smith (Robinson) off of Hastings’ Street and into an environment where he could swim, paint, play checkers and basketball. But most importantly, he met Joe Louis, who was just starting to make a name for himself, as he won Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) boxing titles and his trophies were prominently displayed in the Brewster trophy case. Brewster was the first place that Robinson put on those boxing gloves that would later in life make him an international figure. Ironically, as his mother fled his father and Detroit’s Black Bottom, she went to a place that had even more social ills - Harlem. While a young teen in Harlem, Robinson and his family lived in even greater squalor and unpleasantness. And, with hopelessness comes futility and pointlessness, which leads to the streets. Robinson first started to dance in the streets for money, then he graduated to the hoodlum level of Harlem and for him school became useless. However, he found a divine intervention and a remembrance that brought him back to what he saw at the Brewster Center with Louis. The bottom line was a poor uneducated man could uplift his position in life if he could command the ring. Ironically, it was at a church, Salem Methodist Episcopal, Haygood wrote, that stepped out the box and implemented a boxing team 14 BSTM run by trainer George Gainford. He and Robinson would have a quarter of a century long union. In the 1940’s and 1950’s America, there were not many opportunities for African-Americans in sports. Other than a few track Olympians like Jesse Owens and others, as well as, the Negro Leagues Baseball stars, boxing was the major vehicle for poor, hungry and downtrodden individuals to join in the chase for the American Dream. Robinson retired from boxing in 1965 with an amazing record of 175-19-6, with 110 knockouts in 200 professional bouts. Almost all of his defeats came at the end of his career, when he was doing like his friend Louis, fighting past his prime to pay contrived tax debits. He held welterweight and middleweight titles and defeated other Hall of Fame fighters such as Jake LaMotta, Carmen Basilio, Gene Fullmer, Carl ‘Bobo’ Olson, Henry Armstrong, Rocky Graziano and Kid Gavilan during his 26-year run at boxing glory. Robinson fought LaMotta at the Olympic Arena on Grand River before the largest audience ever at the facility. He also fought before almost 40,000 at the Polo Grounds in New York against Joey Maxim. However, the magic that Haygood weaves in the narrative is the inclusion of Robinson and his intersection with the sepia intellectuals and entertainers of his era. Robinson was one of the first African-American athletes to bring depth, style, swagger, showmanship and entrepreneurship to the Black athlete’s total life. He drove a flamingo-colored Cadillac, owned a restaurant club, a ladies shop for his wife, a barber shop and Sugar Ray Enterprises offices. On any given weekend or day one could find Billy Eckstine or Duke Ellington sitting in a barber’s chair or in the nightclub Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Langston Hughes, Frank Sinatra, Miles Davis, Lena Horne, Jackie Gleason, Charlie Parker and Louis, just to name a few. With Hughes, Davis, Louis and Horne as major recurring characters in the narrative, others flow through during Robinson’s travel, adventures and fights. Eartha Kitt, Dorothy Dandridge, Adam Clayton Powell Jr., Hazel Scott, Walter Winchell, Dizzy Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr., Nat King Cole, Josephine Baker, Gordon Parks, and kings and queens of Europe. Robinson, Haygood wrote, fancied himself as an entertainer and liken the mysteries of the ring to those of the jazz world. In fact, he relinquished his title in 1952, to pursue a dancing and February 2015 Sugar Ray Robinson show business career. He traveled all over Europe and throughout the United States singing and dancing. However, the well ran dry, and he returned to the ring to win yet another title in 1955. The book recounts Robinson’s 1943 induction into the Army, where he served with Louis and the pair went on tours, where they performed exhibition bouts in front of U.S. troops. Robinson and Louis got into trouble several times while in the military. They argued with superiors who they felt were discriminatory against them, and refused to fight exhibitions when they were told African-American soldiers were not allowed to watch them. Robinson lasted only 15 months before military authorities claimed he suffered from a mental deficiency, whereby he was granted a honorable discharge. The narrative also shows by 1946, Robinson had fought 75 fights to a 73–1–1 record, and had beaten every top contender in the welterweight division. However, because of racism and the mafia, he was denied opportunities to fight for the title. By all accounts, Robinson stayed away from the politics of life. He chose to find inclusion and live his life by example. That is why I think Haygood’s narrative ignores the Bumpy Johnsons of Harlem, the intense poverty of the time and the violent Harlem riots in the 1940’s. BSTM Although he did write: “But there existed two Harlems. In one Harlem, there were poetry readings and social teas; there were gatherings that featured notable speakers who talked about national affairs and the doings they were privy to in the Roosevelt White House.” The Smiths lived in the other Harlem, “a rough place, a lower-class enclave of broken families, of flophouses and boardinghouses, of racketeers and gangsters, of big crime and petty crime, of handouts and hand-me-down clothing, of little boys often scampering about like lambs being hunted.” Instead, he focuses only on Robinson’s ascension, cool style, the sepia intellectuals of the era and the jazz. Sugar Ray took the name Ray Robinson as a young amateur because he did not have an AAU fight card, so Walter Smith used another Robinson’s fight card, and he never looked back. Robinson died at 67 from Alzheimer’s disease. But, he will always be remembered for bringing style to a brutal sport. He has been inducted in too many Hall of Fames to recount. The ill-fated artist, Jean-Michel Basquiat, painted a homage to him in 1982. He was also featured on a 2006 United States postage stamp, which reportedly had a circulation of over 100 million. All in all, “Sweet Thunder” rocks for me in spite of some obvious omissions. Leland Stein can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. February 2015 15 Pelé “The King of Football” (O Rei do Futebol), “The King Pelé” (O Rei Pelé) or “The King” (O Rei) Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known by his nickname Pelé, is a retired Brazilian footballer (soccer player). He is widely regarded as one of the best football players of all time. In 1999, he was voted Football Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS). In the same year French weekly magazine France-Football consulted their former “Ballon D’Or” winners to elect the Football Player of the Century. Pelé came in first position. In 1999, the International Olympic Committee named Pelé the “Athlete of the Century.” In his career, he scored 760 official goals, 541 in league championships, making him the top scorer of all time. In total, Pelé scored 1,281 goals in 1,363 games. In his native Brazil, Pelé is hailed as a national hero. He is known for his accomplishments and contributions to the game of football. He is also acknowledged for his vocal support of policies to improve the social conditions of the poor (when he scored his 1,000th goal he dedicated it to the poor children of Brazil). During his career, he became known as “The King of Football” (O Rei do Futebol), “The King Pelé” (O Rei Pelé) or simply “The King” (O Rei). Spotted by football star Waldemar de Brito, Pelé began playing for Santos at 15 and his national team at 16, and won his first World Cup at 17. Despite numerous offers from European clubs and the economic conditions in Brazili, Brazilian football regulations at the time benefited Santos, thus enabling them to keep Pelé for almost two decades until 1974. With Pelé within their ranks, Santos reached their zenith by winning the 1962 and 1963 Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club competition in South American football. Pelé played most of his career as a center forward. His technique and natural athleticism have been universally praised and during his playing years he was renowned for his excellent dribbling and passing, his pace, powerful shot, exceptional heading ability and prolific goal scoring. He is the all-time leading scorer of the Brazil National Football Team, and is the only footballer to be a part of three World Cupwinning squads. In 1962, his second World Cup victory, he was on the Brazilian squad at the start of the World Cup, but because of an injury suffered in the second match, he was not able to play the remainder of the tournament. In November 2007, FIFA announced that he would be awarded the 1962 medal retroactively, making him the only player in the world to have three World Cup winning medals. Since his retirement in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide ambassador for football and has undertaken various acting roles and commercial ventures. He is currently the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos. Pelé was born 21 October 21, 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho (born João Ramos do Nascimento) and Dona Celeste Arantes. He 16 BSTM was the oldest of two siblings. He was originally nicknamed Dico by his family. He did not receive the nickname “Pelé” until his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke, but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name means, nor did his old friends. Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, and that it is Hebrew for “miracle,” the word has no known meaning in Portuguese. Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru, São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his coach, he could not afford a proper soccer ball and usually played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper, tied with a string or a grapefruit. In 1954, aged fourteen, he joined Bauru Athletic Club juniors in Bauru, São Paulo. Pele’s Club Career: 1956 to 1972 In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city in the state of São Paulo, to try out for the professional club Santos Futebol Clube, telling the directors at Santos that the 15year-old would be “the greatest football player in the world.” Aged 16, Pelé made his debut for Santos on September 7, 1956, scoring one goal in a 7–1 friendly victory over Corinthians. When the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place on the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil National Team. After the World Cup in 1962, wealthy European clubs such as Real Madrid, Juventus and Manchester United tried to sign the young player, but the government of Brazil declared Pelé an “official national treasure” to prevent him from being transferred out of the country. Pelé won his first major title with Santos in 1958, as the team won the Campeonato Paulista. Pelé would finish the tournament as top scorer with 58 goals, a record that stands today. A year later, he would help the team earn their first victory in the Torneio Rio-São Paulo with a 3–0 over Vasco da Gama. However, Santos was unable to retain the Paulista title. In 1960, Pelé scored 33 goals to help his team regain the Campeonato Paulista trophy, but lost out on the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after finishing in 8th place. Another 47 goals from Pelé saw Santos retain the Campeonato Paulista. The club went on to win the Taça Brasil that same year, crushing Bahia in the finals. Pelé finished as top scorer of the tournament with 9 goals. The victory allowed Santos to participate in the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club tournament in the Western hemisphere. Santos’ most successful club season started in 1962. The team was seeded in Group 1, alongside Cerro Porteño and Deportivo Municipal, winning every match of their group but one, with Pelé scoring his first goal in a brace against Cerro. Santos defeated February 2015 Pele Retiring from Cosmos in 1977 Pelé dribbling past a defender during Malmö (0) vs Brazil (7). Pelé scored 2 goals at Malmö City Stadium. Universidad Católica in the semi-finals and met defending champions Peñarol in the finals in which Pelé scored another brace in the playoff match to secure the first title for a Brazilian club. Pelé finished as the second best scorer of the competition with 4 goals. That same year, Santos would defend, with success, the Campeonato Brasiliero (with 37 goals from Pelé), the Taça Brasil (Pelé scoring four goals in the final series against Botafogo), and win the 1962 Intercontinental Cup against Benfica. Wearing his iconic number 10 shirt, Pelé produced one of his best ever performances and scored a hat-trick in Lisbon, as Santos beat the European champions 5–2. As the defending champions, Santos qualified automatically to the semi-final stage of the 1963 Copa Libertadores. The Ballet Blanco managed to retain the title in spectacular fashion after impressive victories over Botafogo and Boca Juniors. Pelé helped Santos overcome a Botafogo team that contained legends such as Garrincha and Jairzinho with an agonizing last-minute goal in the first leg of the semi-finals and bring the match to 1–1. In the second leg, Pelé produced one of his best performances as a footballer with a hat-trick in the Estádio do Maracanã, as Santos crushed Botafogo 4–0 in the second leg. Appearing in their second consecutive final, Santos started the series by winning 3–2 in the first leg and defeated the Boca Juniors of José Sanfilippo and Antonio Rattín 2–1 in La Bombonera, with another goal from Pelé, becoming the first Brazilian team to lift the Copa Libertadores on Argentine soil. Pelé finished the tournament as 16 BSTM the top scorer runner-up with 5 goals. Santos lost the Campeonato Paulista after finishing in third place, but went on to win the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after an impressive 3–0 win over Flamengo in the final, with Pelé providing one goal in the match. Pelé would also help Santos retain the Intercontinental Cup and the Taça Brasil. Santos tried to defend their title again in 1964, but they were thoroughly beaten in both legs of the semi-finals by Independiente. Santos won again the Campeonato Paulista, with Pelé netting 34 goals. The club also shared the Rio-São Paulo Title with Botafogo, and won the Taça Brasil for the fourth consecutive year. The Santistas would try to resurge in 1965 by winning, for the 9th time, the Campeonato Paulista and the Taça Brasil. In the 1965 Copa Libertadores, Santos started convincingly by winning every match of their group in the first round. In the semi-finals, Santos met Peñarol in a rematch of the 1962 final. After two legendary matches, a playoff was needed to break the tie. Unlike 1962, Peñarol came out on top and eliminated Santos 2–1. Pelé would, however, finish as the top scorer of the tournament with eight goals. This proved to be the start of a decline as Santos failed to retain the Torneio Rio-São Paulo. In 1966, Pelé and Santos also failed to retain the Taça Brasil as O Rei’s goals were not enough to prevent a 9–4 routing by Cruzeiro in the final series. Although Santos won the Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968 and 1969, Pelé became February 2015 less and less a contributing factor to the Santistas now-limited success. On November 19, 1969, Pelé scored his 1,000th goal in all competitions. This was a highly anticipated moment in Brazil. The goal, called popularly O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco da Gama, when Pelé scored from a penalty kick at the Maracanã Stadium. Pelé states that his most beautiful goal was scored at Rua Javari stadium in a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo rival Juventus on August 2, 1959. As there is no video footage of this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal. In March 1961, Pelé scored the gol de placa (goal worthy of a plaque), against Fluminense at the Maracanã. He received the ball on the edge of his own penalty area, and ran the length of the field, eluding opposition players, and fired the ball beyond the goalkeeper. The goal was regarded as being so spectacular that a plaque was commissioned with a dedication to the most beautiful goal in the history of the Maracanã. Argentina on July 7, 1957, at the Maracanã. In that match, he scored his first goal for Brazil at age 16 years and 9 months to become the youngest player to score in International football. His first match in the World Cup was against the USSR in the first round of the 1958 FIFA World Cup, in the third game of the Cup. He was the youngest player of that tournament and at the time the youngest ever to play in the World Cup. He scored his first World Cup goal against Wales in the quarter-finals, the only goal of the match, to help Brazil advance to semi-finals, while becoming the youngest ever World Cup goal scorer at 17 years and 239 days. Against France in the semi-final, Brazil was leading 2–1 at halftime, and then Pelé scored a hat-trick, becoming the youngest in World Cup history to do so. Pelé’s electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals made him a star around the world. His team Santos toured internationally in order to take full advantage of his popularity. In 1967, the two factions involved in the Nigerian Civil War agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play an exhibition game in Lagos. During his time at Santos, Pelé played alongside many gifted players, including Zito, Pepe, and Coutinho. On June 19, 1958, Pelé became the youngest player to play in a World Cup final match at 17 years and 249 days. He scored two goals in the final, as Brazil beat Sweden 5–2. His first goal, a lob over a defender followed by a precise volley shot, was selected as one of the best goals in the history of the World Cup. Following Pelé’s second goal, Swedish player Sigvard Parling would later comment; “When Pelé scored the fifth goal in that Final, I have to be honest and say I felt like applauding.” In the first match of the 1962 World Cup, against Mexico, Pelé assisted the first goal and then scored the second one, after a run past four defenders to go up 2–0. He injured himself while attempting a long-range After the 1972 season shot against (his 17th with Santos), Czechoslovakia. This Pelé retired from would keep him out of Pelé fighting for a ball against the Swedish goalkeeper Kalle Brazilian club football the rest of the Svensson during the 1958 World Cup final. although he continued to tournament, and forced occasionally suit up for Coach Aymoré Moreira Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came to make his only lineup change of the tournament. The substitute out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the was Amarildo, who performed well for the rest of the tournament. North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season. However, it was Garrincha who would take the leading role and Though well past his prime at this point, Pelé is credited with carry Brazil to their second World Cup Title. significantly increasing public awareness and interest in soccer in the United States. He led the Cosmos to the 1977 NASL The 1966 World Cup was marked, among other things, for the championship, in his third and final season with the club. brutal fouling on Pelé by the Bulgarian and Portuguese defenders. By this stage, Pelé was the most famous footballer Pele’s National Team career in the world, and the expectation was that Brazil, at the very least, would reach the final. Brazil was eliminated in the first round, Pelé’s first international match was a 2–1 defeat against playing only three matches. Pelé scored the first goal from a free BSTM February 2015 17 kick against Bulgaria, becoming the first player to score in three successive FIFA World Cups, but due to his injury, a result of persistent fouling by the Bulgarians, he missed the second game against Hungary. Brazil lost that game and Pelé, although still recovering, was brought back for the last crucial match against Portugal. In that game, João Morais brutally fouled Pelé, but was not sent off by referee George McCabe, of whom it is acknowledged let “the Portuguese get away with murder.” Pelé had to stay on the field limping for the rest of the game, since substitutes were not allowed at that time. After this game, he vowed he would not play again in the World Cup, a decision he would later change. Pelé was called to the national team in early 1969. He refused at first, but then accepted and played in six World Cup qualifying matches, scoring six goals. The 1970 World Cup in Mexico, was to be Pelé’s last. Brazil’s squad for the Tournament featured major changes in relation to the 1966 squad. Players like Garrincha, Nilton Santos, Valdir Pereira, Djalma Santos and Gilmar had already retired, but the team, with Pelé, Rivelino, Jairzinho, Gérson, Carlos Alberto Torres, Tostão and Clodoaldo, is often considered to be the greatest football team in history. In the first match, against Czechoslovakia, Pelé gave Brazil a 2–1 lead, by controlling a long pass with his chest and then scoring. Brazil went on to win the match, 4–1. In the first half of the match against England, Pelé nearly scored with a header that was spectacularly saved by England’s goalie. In the second half, he assisted Jairzinho for the only goal of the match. Against Romania, Pelé opened the score on a direct free kick goal, a strong strike with the outside of his right foot. Later in the match he scored again to make the score to 3–1. Brazil won by a final score of 3–2. In the quarter-finals against Peru, Brazil won 4–2, with Pelé assisting Tostão on for Brazil’s third goal. In the semi-finals, Brazil faced 1969 Brazil stamp commemorating Pelé’s landmark 1000 goals. Uruguay for the first time since the 1950 World Cup final round match. Jairzinho put Brazil ahead 2–1, and Pelé assisted Rivelino for the 3–1 lead. During that match, Pelé made Pelé’s last international match was on July 18, 1971, against one of his most famous plays. Tostão gave Pelé a through ball, Yugoslavia in Rio de Janeiro. and Uruguay’s goalkeeper Ladislao Mazurkiewicz took notice of it. The keeper ran past his line to get the ball before Pelé, but With Pelé on the field, the Brazilian Team’s record was 67 wins, Pelé got there first and fooled the keeper by not touching the ball, 14 draws and 11 losses. causing it to roll to the keeper’s left, while Pelé went right. Pelé went around the goalkeeper, and took a shot while turning Pele: South American Championship towards the goal, but he turned in excess as he shot, and the Pelé also played in the South American Championship. In the ball drifted just wide of the far post. 1959 competition, he was top scorer with eight goals, as Brazil Brazil played Italy in the final, with Pelé scored with a header came second in the Tournament. over Italian defender Tarcisio Burgnich. He then made assists on Jairzinho’s and Carlos Alberto’s goals, the latter one coming Greatest Complement by an Opposing Player after an impressive collective play. Brazil won the match 4–1, “Pelé is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for keeping the Jules Rimet Trophy indefinitely. Pelé was named “Player of the Tournament.” Burgnich, who marked Pelé during 20 years. All the others – Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, and the final, was quoted saying “I told myself before the game, he’s Michel Platini – rank beneath him. There’s no one to compare made of skin and bones just like everyone else — but I was with Pelé.” — West Germany’s 1974 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Franz Beckenbauer. wrong.” BSTM February 2015 19 Woody Strode Decathlete, Football Star & Popular & Pioneering African-American Film Actor Woodrow Wilson Woolwine “Woody” Strode (pronounced strowd, as in crowd) was a decathlete and football star who went on to become a popular and pioneering AfricanAmerican film actor. He was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Spartacus in 1960. He served in the United States Army during World War II. where he was a member of Calgary’s 1948 Grey Cup Championship Team before retiring due to injury in 1949. In 1941, Strode had dabbled for several months in professional wrestling. Following the end of his football career in 1949, he returned to wrestling part-time between acting jobs until 1962, wrestling the likes of Gorgeous George. Strode was born July 25, 1914, in Los Angeles, California. He attended Garfield Senior High School in East Los Angeles and college at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), where he was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. His world-class decathlon capabilities were spearheaded by a 50 feet plus shot put (when the World Record was 57 feet and a 6 feet 4 inches high jump (the World Record at that time was 6 feet 10 inches). Strode posed for a nude portrait, part of Hubert Stowitts’s acclaimed exhibition of athletic portraits shown at the 1936 Berlin Olympics (although the inclusion of Black and Jewish athletes caused the Nazis to close the exhibit). Strode, Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson starred on the 1939 UCLA Bruins football team, in which they made up three of the four backfield players. Along with Ray Bartlett, there were four African-Americans playing for the Bruins, when only a few dozen at all played on other college football teams. They played eventual Conference and National Champion University of Southern California (USC) to a 0–0 tie with the 1940 Rose Bowl on the line. It was the first UCLA–USC rivalry football game with National implications. Strode and fellow UCLA alumnus Kenny Washington were two of the first AfricanAmericans to play in major college programs and later the modern National Football League, playing for the Los Angeles Rams in 1946. No Black men had played in the NFL from 1933 to 1946. UCLA teammate Jackie Robinson would go on to break the color barrier in Major League baseball (in fact, all three had played in the semiprofessional Pacific Coast Professional Football League earlier in the decade). Strode played for two seasons with the Calgary Stampeders of the Western Interprovincial Football Union in Canada, 22 In 1952, he wrestled almost every week from August 12, 1952 to December 10, 1952 in different cities in California. He was billed as the Pacific Coast Heavyweight Wresting Champion and the Pacific Coast Negro Heavyweight Wresting Champion in 1962. He later teamed up with both Bobo Brazil and Bearcat Wright. As an actor, the 6 foot 4 inches Strode was noted for film roles that contrasted with the stereotypes of the time. He is probably best remembered for his brief Golden Globe-nominated role in Spartacus (1960) as the Ethiopian gladiator Draba in which he fights Kirk Douglas to the death. Strode made his screen debut in 1941 in Sundown, but became more active in the 1950s, eventually in roles of increasing depth. He played an African warrior in The Lion Hunters in Monogram’s Bomba the Jungle Boy series in 1951. Also, he appeared in several episodes of the 1952–1954 television series “Ramar of the Jungle”, where he portrayed an African warrior. He played dual roles (billed as “Woodrow Strode”) in The Ten Commandments (1956) as an Ethiopian king as well as a slave, and in 1959 portrayed the cowardly Private Franklin in Pork Chop Hill. He appeared once on Johnny Weismuller’s 1955–1956 syndicated television series Jungle Jim. He became a close friend of director John Ford, who gave him the title role in Sergeant Rutledge (1960) as a member of the Ninth Cavalry falsely accused of rape and murder. He appeared in smaller roles in Ford’s later films Two Rode Together (1961), The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) and Seven Women (1966). Strode was very close to the director. During Ford’s declining years, Strode once spent four months sleeping on the director’s floor as BSTM February 2015 his caretaker, and he was later present at Ford’s death. Strode played memorable villains opposite three screen Tarzans. In 1958, he appeared as Ramo opposite Gordon Scott in Tarzan’s Fight for Life. In 1963, he was cast opposite Jock Mahoney’s Tarzan as both the dying leader of an unnamed Asian country and that leader’s unsavory brother, Khan, in Tarzan’s Three Challenges. In the late 1960s, he appeared in several episodes of the Ron Ely Tarzan television series. His other television work included a role as the Grand Mogul in the Batman episodes “Marsha, Queen of Diamonds” and “Marsha’s Scheme of Diamonds,” appearing also in the third season of the Daniel Boone television series as the slave/ wrestler Goliath in the episode of the same name. Strode played a heroic sailor on a sinking ship in the 1960 film The Last Voyage. In 1966, he landed a major starring role in The Professionals, a major box-office success that established him as a recognizable star. Another notable part was as a gunslinger in the opening sequence of Sergio Leone’s Once Upon a Time in the West (1968). After this, he appeared in several other spaghetti Westerns of lesser quality. His starring role as a thinlydisguised Patrice Lumumba in Seduto alla sua destra (released in the U.S. as Black Jesus) garnered Strode a great deal of press at the time, but the film is largely forgotten now. He remained a visible character actor throughout the 1970s and 1980s in such films as Scream (1981), and has become widely regarded (along with Sidney Poitier and Brock Peters) as one of the most important Black film actors of his time. His last film was The Quick and the Dead (1995). Strode was the son of a Creek-Blackfoot-Black father and a BlackCherokee mother. His first wife was Princess Luukialuana Kalaeloa (a.k.a. Luana Strode), a descendant of Liliuokalani, the last queen of Hawaii. They were married until her death in 1980. In 1982, he wed Tina Tompson, and they remained married until his death. Strode was a dedicated martial artist under the direction of Frank Landers in the art of SeishinDo Kenpo. Strode died of lung cancer on December 31, 1994, in Glendora, California, aged 80. He is buried at Riverside National Cemetery in Riverside, California. Woody Strode’s Bio Born Woodrow Wilson Woolwine Strode July 25, 1914 Los Angeles, California, U.S. Died December 31, 1994 Glendora, California, U.S. Resting place Riverside National Cemetery Occupation Sportsman Actor Years active 1941–1994 Spouse(s) Princess Luukialuana “Luana” Kalaeloa (1941–1980; her death) Tina Tompson (1982–1994; his death) Athletic career information Position(s): Offensive End Organizations As player: 1946 Los Angeles Rams 1948–49 Calgary Stampeders Career highlights and awards CFL All-Star: 1948, 1949 Honors: 1948 Grey Cup Champion BSTM February 2015 23 Lewis Hamilton [2014 Formula One Season] Wins the 2014 World Drivers’ Championship The 2014 Formula One season was the 65th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars, which is recognized by the sport’s governing body, the Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for openwheel racing cars. The season started in Australia on March 16th and concluded in Abu Dhabi on November 23rd. In the nineteen Grands Prix of the season, a total of eleven teams and twenty-four drivers competed for the World Drivers’ and World Constructors’ Championships. In 2014, the Championship saw the introduction of a revised engine formula, in which the 2.4 liter V8 engine configuration— previously used between 2006 and 2013—has been replaced with a new formula specifying a 1.6 liter turbocharged V6 engine that incorporates an energy recovery system into its build. The 2014 Calendar featured substantial revisions from the 2013 season; the Russian Grand Prix was held for the first time in a century at the Sochi Autodrom in Sochi, and the Austrian Grand Prix was revived, with the race held at the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg. The Indian Grand Prix was put on hiatus, while the Korean Grand Prix was removed from the schedule entirely. Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton won the 2014 World Drivers’ Championship with 384 points and eleven victories, ahead of his team-mate, Nico Rosberg who won the 2014 inaugural Pole Trophy. Mercedes secured their first Constructors’ Championship in Russia, building up an unassailable lead of 278 points over Red Bull Racing. 2014 Season Calendar The following nineteen Grand Prixes took place in 2014. Rd 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Grand Prix Australian Grand Prix Malaysian Grand Prix Bahrain Grand Prix Chinese Grand Prix Spanish Grand Prix Monaco Grand Prix Canadian Grand Prix Austrian Grand Prix British Grand Prix German Grand Prix Hungarian Grand Prix Belgian Grand Prix Italian Grand Prix Singapore Grand Prix Japanese Grand Prix Russian Grand Prix United States Grand Prix Brazilian Grand Prix Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Circuit Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal Red Bull Ring, Spielberg Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone Hockenheimring, Hockenheim Hungaroring, Budapest Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka Sochi Autodrom, Sochi Circuit of the Americas, Austin Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi Date March 16 March 30 April 6 April 20 May 11 May 25 June 8 June 22 July 6 July 20 July 27 August 24 September 7 September 21 October 5 October 12 November 2 November 9 November 23 Season Report Mercedes won their first World Constructors’ Championship after taking a 1–2 finish in Russia. Lewis Hamilton won his second World Drivers’ Championship after a season-long battle with team-mate Nico Rosberg. Rosberg won the Australian and Monaco Grands Prix, and Hamilton the races in Malaysia, Bahrain, China and Spain after retiring in Australia. Mercedes team’s run of victories ended in Canada, where Rosberg and Hamilton were simultaneously hit with a power unit failure that put additional strain on their brakes. Hamilton was forced out of the race and while Rosberg was able to continue, his performance deteriorated, and he ultimately finished second. Mercedes returned to the top of the podium in Austria, with Rosberg leading Hamilton across the finish line for his third 24 BSTM victory of the season. Hamilton reclaimed ground in the championship standings in Britain, winning after Rosberg was forced out with gearbox issues. Rosberg claimed the win in Germany, while Hamilton recovered to third after an accident in qualifying saw him start from twentieth place. Hamilton finished third in Hungary after starting from pit lane, ahead of Rosberg. Rosberg had to settle for second place in Belgium after contact with Hamilton early in the race, which ultimately prompted Mercedes to retire Hamilton’s car. Hamilton went on to claim his sixth win of the season in Italy, ahead of Rosberg. Hamilton reclaimed the championship lead with a win in Singapore, while Rosberg was retired with a broken wiring loom. Hamilton claimed the win in rain- and accident-shortened Japan, ahead of Rosberg. February 2015 Hamilton won the inaugural race in Russia, once again ahead of Rosberg. The result was enough for Mercedes to secure their first World Constructors’ Championship. Hamilton took his first fifth consecutive win in the United States, again ahead of Rosberg. Rosberg took his fifth win of the season in Brazil, with Hamilton finishing in second. Hamilton carried a seventeen-point advantage into the title-deciding Abu Dhabi Grand Prix and went on to win the race while R o s b e r g struggled with e l e c t r i c a l problems and finished outside the points. With eleven pole positions to his name, Rosberg won the inaugural FIA Pole Trophy. Red Bull Racing finished second overall, after suffering a difficult start to the season when Sebastian Vettel retired and Daniel Ricciardo was disqualified from the Australian Grand Prix. Red Bull appealed the disqualification, but the result was upheld by the International Court of Appeal. Vettel went on to finish third in Malaysia, while R i c c i a r d o retired, and both drivers scored points in Bahrain and China. R i c c i a r d o recorded his first podium finish with a third place in Spain, while Vettel recovered to fourth place after technical problems and a penalty for a gearbox change saw him start the race from the fifteenth position. Ricciardo finished in third place in Monaco, while Vettel retired due to an issue with his power unit. Ricciardo took advantage of Mercedes team’s difficulties in Canada to claim his maiden Grand Prix victory—and Renault’s first with a turbocharged engine since the 1986 Detroit Grand Prix—while Vettel finished third. The team struggled in their home race in Austria, with Vettel retiring early and Ricciardo finishing eighth. Ricciardo returned to the podium in Britain, while Vettel finished fifth after a protracted battle with Alonso. Vettel and Ricciardo were fourth and sixth respectively in Germany. Ricciardo scored his second career win in Hungary, while Vettel finished seventh. Ricciardo scored his third career victory in Belgium, while Vettel took fifth. In Italy, BSTM Ricciardo took fifth place, ahead of Vettel. Both drivers recorded podium finishes in Singapore. Vettel took the podium in third place in Japan, ahead of Ricciardo. Ricciardo took seventh place in Russia, ahead of Vettel. Ricciardo returned to the podium in the United States, while Vettel finished in seventh after starting from pit lane following a complete change of his power unit. Vettel finished fifth in Brazil, while Ricciardo retired when his front-left upright suspension was broken. Both drivers were thrown out of qualifying in Abu Dhabi after their cars failed scrutineering, and they started from the pit lane. Williams were third, having started the season strongly when Valtteri Bottas scored more points in the opening race than the Williams team did during the 2013 season. Bottas and team-mate Felipe Massa went on to record points finishes in Malaysia and Bahrain. The team recorded another minor points finish in China, before Bottas showed enough pace to c h a l l e n g e Ricciardo for a podium position early in the Spanish Grand Prix, but eventually settled for fourth before being overtaken by Vettel late in the race. Massa finished seventh in Monaco, while Bottas retired. In Canada, Massa showed good enough pace to challenge for the lead in the late stages of the race until he collided with Sergio Pérez on the final lap. Massa qualified on pole in Austria, his first since the 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix, and he went on to finish in fourth, while Bottas scored his first podium of his career, crossing the finish line in third place. Bottas secured his first back-to-back podium finishes scoring second place in Britain and soon after claimed his third consecutive podium finish after finishing in second place in Germany, while Massa retired on the opening lap in both Britain and Germany. In Hungary, Massa and Bottas were fifth and eighth, respectively. Bottas returned to the podium in Belgium, while Massa was outside the points. Massa took his first podium since the 2013 Spanish Grand Prix in Italy, ahead of Bottas. Massa February 2015 25 took fifth place in Singapore, while Bottas narrowly got the points finish, only to his tires completely loss of grip in late stages. In Japan, Bottas and Massa are sixth and seventh, respectively. Bottas took his fifth podium of his career with a third place in Russia, while Massa finished outside the points. At the next round in the United States, Massa and Bottas finished fourth and fifth respectively. In Brazil, Massa took his second podium of the season and his fifth podium on his home soil in third place, while Bottas finished tenth. In the last race of the season in Abu Dhabi, both drivers stepped on the podium with Massa finishing second and Bottas third. Jenson Button finish second and third in Australia. Both drivers recorded point finishes in Malaysia, but were forced out of the Bahrain Grand Prix with clutch issues, and failed to score points in China and again in Spain. The team managed to recover in Monaco, with Button finishing sixth and Magnussen tenth after contact with Räikkönen. Button finished fourth in Canada after a string of late-race retirements helped him move up in the order. Magnussen used his recent knowledge of the circuit to finish seventh in Austria, while Button’s attempt at a different strategy failed, leaving him in eleventh. Button and Magnussen were fourth and seventh respectively in Britain. Button finished eighth in Lewis Hamilton 2013 Malaysia Grand Prix Ferrari finished fourth, with Fernando Alonso and Kimi Räikkönen scoring a mixed run of results throughout the season. Alonso took his first podium of the season with his third place finish in China, while Räikkönen had a string of relatively low-placed results, best of which so far was fourth place in Belgium. Both drivers recorded minor points in Canada and again in Austria. Alonso had to be content in sixth place in Britain after a rainaffected qualifying saw him start from sixteenth place, while Räikkönen crashed heavily on the opening lap, forcing the temporary stoppage of the race. Alonso finished in fifth place in Germany, while Räikkönen was outside the points. Alonso managed to get the team’s best result with second place in Hungary, while Räikkönen returned to the points in sixth place. Räikkönen took fourth place in Belgium, while Alonso finished eighth, but was promoted to seventh after Magnussen’s penalty. In Italy, Alonso was retired with an ERS failure, while Räikkönen finished in tenth, but was promoted to ninth after Magnussen’s penalty. Alonso took fourth place in Singapore, while Räikkönen took eighth. In Japan, neither Alonso nor Räikkönen took the points finish, as Alonso retired when his power unit suddenly lost its power due to an electrical problem, while Räikkönen ended up in twelfth, bringing about an end to Ferrari’s run of eighty-one consecutive points finishes—the longest run in Formula One history. Alonso took sixth place in Russia, while Räikkönen came home in ninth. Alonso repeated the result in the United States, while Räikkönen finished outside the points. In Brazil, Alonso finished sixth, ahead of Räikkönen. McLaren secured fifth place. Following their first season without a podium finish in 2013, the team saw Kevin Magnussen and 24 BSTM Germany, ahead of Magnussen, who was involved in a first-lap altercation with Massa. Button finished tenth in Hungary, while Magnussen was outside the points. In Belgium, Magnussen finished sixth ahead of Button, but was given a twenty-second time penalty after the race, demoting him to twelfth. In Italy, Magnussen and Button originally finished seventh and ninth respectively, but Magnussen received another time penalty— this time for five seconds—demoting him to tenth, while Button was promoted to eighth. Magnussen took the final points in Singapore, while Button was forced out when his engine shut down. Button finished fifth in Japan, while Magnussen was outside the points. The team took fourth and fifth place in Russia, with Button finishing in front of Magnussen. Magnussen took eighth the United States, while Button failed to score points. Button finished fourth in Brazil, while Magnussen finished ninth. Force India was classified sixth overall. In Bahrain, the team scored their first podium finish since the 2009 Belgian Grand Prix. Sergio Pérez, who finished third for the team in Bahrain, was on target to score another podium in Canada, but was rearended by Felipe Massa late in the race and both retired. Pérez briefly held the lead in Austria, but gradually fell back to sixth, and recorded the fastest lap, whilst Nico Hülkenberg battled Räikkönen for ninth. Hülkenberg finished eighth in Britain, while Pérez was outside the points. Both drivers scored minor points in Germany. Force India suffered their first double retirement of the season in Hungary, as both drivers crashed out of the race. Pérez finished ninth in Belgium, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. Both drivers however were later promoted to eighth and tenth respectively after Kevin Magnussen was issued a time February 2015 penalty shortly after the race. Pérez originally finished eighth in Italy, but was promoted to seventh after Magnussen’s penalty, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. Hülkenberg finished ninth in Singapore, while Pérez recovered to seventh place after being forced to make an unscheduled pit stop following contact with Adrian Sutil. Hülkenberg and Pérez were eighth and tenth respectively in Japan. Pérez took the final points-scoring position in Russia, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. The team had another double retirement in United Srates, as Pérez collided with both Räikkönen and Sutil, forcing both himself and Sutil into retirement, while Hülkenberg ground to a halt later in the race with mechanical issues. Hulkenberg finished eighth in Brazil, while Perez finished outside the points. Scuderia Toro Rosso was seventh overall, with Russian rookie Daniil Kvyat becoming the youngest driver to score points in Formula One, having finished ninth in Australia. Jean-Eric Vergne finished eighth in Canada, while Kvyat retired with a mechanical failure. Both drivers retired in Austria: Kvyat after suffering a rear suspension failure, and Vergne with brake issues. In Britain, Vergne finished ninth in Hungary, while Kvyat missed the points. Kvyat finished ninth in Belgium, while Vergne was outside the points. Vergne recorded the team’s best result of the season with sixth place in Singapore. Vergne took ninth in Japan, while Kvyat qualified a career-best fifth in Russia, but fell down the order with fuel consumption problems. Vergne originally took ninth in the United States, but was demoted to tenth after he incurred a five-second penalty following a contact incident with Grosjean. Kvyat finished outside the points after taking a tenplace grid penalty for an engine change. Both, Toro Rosso’s drivers, finished outside the points in Brazil. After missing the first test of pre-season, Lotus finished the season in eighth position, with Romain Grosjean finishing eighth in both Spain and Monaco, while Pastor Maldonado remained scoreless until he picked up two points for ninth place in the United States. Marussia was classified ninth, owing to Jules Bianchi scoring points in Monaco, as he finished the race in ninth place, but both drivers collided on the opening lap of the Canadian Grand Prix, bringing about an end to Max Chilton’s run of twenty-five consecutive classified race finishes. Bianchi managed to score the team’s best ever qualifying result with twelfth in Britain. He was later critically injured in an accident in the closing stages of the Japanese Grand Prix. The team later elected to sit out the United States round altogether before the team closed down ahead of the Brazilian Grand Prix. Sauber and Caterham finished tenth and eleventh overall, with both teams having failed to score a point in the 2014 season. Sauber suffered a string of retirements for both drivers, while struggling with a car that was too heavy. Sutil took the team’s best result by qualifying ninth in the United States, but his performance was short-lived, as he was collided from behind by Sergio Pérez, and the team ultimately endured their first pointless season in their twenty-two year history. Caterham spent the early races trading places with Marussia, but fell behind once Bianchi scored points for the Russian team in Monaco, despite an eleventh-place finish for Marcus Ericsson in the same race. In Belgium, Caterham opted to replace current driver Kobayashi with three time Le Mans winner and current FIA World Endurance Championship Champion André Lotterer. However, after out-qualifying Ericsson, he was forced to retire after a single lap when his power unit cut out. Team principal Tony Fernandes sold the team in July, but the transaction was never finalized, and the team was put into administration following the Russian Grand Prix. As a result, Caterham was forced to miss the United States and Brazilian Grand Prixes. They returned in time for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, entering Kamui Kobayashi alongside debutant Will Stevens. Kobayashi retired from the race, while Stevens was the final classified driver in seventeenth place. Results and Standings: Grand Prix Rd 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Grand Prix Australian Grand Prix Malaysian Grand Prix Bahrain Grand Prix Chinese Grand Prix Spanish Grand Prix Monaco Grand Prix Canadian Grand Prix Austrian Grand Prix British Grand Prix German Grand Prix Hungarian Grand Prix Belgian Grand Prix Italian Grand Prix Singapore Grand Prix Japanese Grand Prix Russian Grand Prix U. S. Grand Prix Brazilian Grand Prix Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Driver Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Daniel Ricciardo Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Daniel Ricciardo Daniel Ricciardo Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Constructor Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Red Bull-Renault Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Red Bull-Renault Red Bull-Renault Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Mercedes Lewis Hamilton: 2014 Chinese Grand Prix BSTM February 2015 25 Vacation in Aruba! OUR BEACHES TripAdvisor.com recently named Eagle Beach one of the top ten beaches in the world. THE SUNSHINE Aruba has the most of sunny days of any island in the Caribbean making for the perfect Beach Vacation. THE WEATHER Located below the hurricane belt in the southern Caribbean, Aruba has 82-degree days year round, refreshing trade winds and low humidity contributing to the Best Caribbean Vacation. THE DIVING IT’S GREAT FOR FAMILIES In addition to providing a wonderful Beach Vacation, Aruba was recognized as one of the top wreck diving destinations in the Caribbean by Scuba Diving Magazine. Aruba is the perfect Beach Vacation for family fun in the sun. US News & World Report ranked Aruba among its Best Caribbean Family Vacations in 2012. THE ROMANCE THE WEDDINGS Many couples who honeymoon in Aruba continue to return for their anniversaries year after year. Destination Wedding named Aruba’s Eagle Beach one of the Best Caribbean Beaches for Weddings. DIRECT FLIGHTS To enjoy your best Caribbean Vacation, you can hop on a direct flight from many major North American cities to Queen Beatrix International (AUA). THE HONEYMOONS Aruba was named one of the World’s Top Honeymoon Destinations by Brides Magazine. OUR NATIONAL PARK Covering about 20% of the island, Arikok National Park is an incredible nature preserve, and the largest national park in the Caribbean. WE ACCEPT U.S. DOLLARS No need to exchange your currency—the U.S. Dollar is widely accepted here. ADVENTURE SPORTS Thanks to Aruba’s constant trade winds, it is known as a world-class destination for windsurfing and kitesurfing. THE FOOD More than 90 nationalities influence Aruba’s cuisine, with local dishes like gouda-glazed keshi yena joining South American, European and Caribbean favorites on menus around the island. For more Information Email name, tel. # and email address to: email@example.com Evelyn Ashford USA Olympian Extraordinaire Evelyn Ashford is a retired American athlete, the 1984 Olympic Champion in the 100 meters. She has run under the 11 second barrier over 30 times, and was the first to run under 11 seconds in an Olympic Games. Later in the season, she finally defeated her main rival Göhr at the Weltklasse meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. The race saw Ashford make up half a meters or so over Göhr, and lower her own World Record to 10.76 seconds. That race proved to be Ashford’s personal record. It still ranks as the #8 Individual alltime. Ashford, u n s u r p r i s i n g l y, regained her #1 Track & Field News ranking. Ashford was born April 15, 1957, in S h r e v e p o r t , Louisiana. She attended Roseville High School, and upon graduation, went to the University of California at Los Angeles. As a 19-year-old, Ashford finished 5th in the 100 meters event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. After beating the World Record holders in the 100 meters and 200 meters in 1979, she was one of the potential medalists for the 1980 Summer Olympics, but these Games were boycotted by the United States. Ashford was ranked #1 in the world by Track & Field News over 100 meters in 1979 and 1981, and over 200 meters in 1981. She also was named Track and Field News “Athlete of the Year” twice, in 1981 and 1984. On July 3, 1983, she set her first World Record (be it at altitude) for the 100 meters, running 10.79 seconds at the National Sports Festival in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and was one of the favorites to win the 100 meters title at the inaugural World Championships in Helsinki. In the final, however, she pulled a hamstring muscle and fell. The other main favorite, Marlies Göhr of East Germany (who had already beaten Ashford earlier that year) went on to win. At the 1984 Summer Olympics, Ashford had a chance to win a Gold Medal. However, she had to withdraw from the 200 meters heats with a minor injury. She competed in the 100 meters, winning the event in a new Olympic Record of 10.97 seconds. As the anchor runner for 4 x 100 meters relay team, she won a second Gold Medal. In the absence of World Champions and world record holders from East Germany, the U.S. Team clocked one of the fastest times in history, and won by the biggest margin ever at an Olympics, 1.12 seconds. BSTM At the 1988 Summer Olympics, she was the flag bearer for the United States Team at the Opening Ceremony. She was beaten in the 100 meters by Florence Griffith Joyner, who had broken her World Record earlier in the season at the Olympic Trials. In the 4 x 100 meters relay, she again ran the final leg, winning her third Olympic Gold Medal despite a sloppy last exchange that meant she had to make up some ground on Göhr. Evelyn Ashford At her last Olympics in Barcelona, Ashford, aged 35, was eliminated in the 100 meters semi-finals by 1/100th of a second. She went on to win her third straight Olympic 4 x 100 meters relay Gold, this time running 1st leg. She is one of only six women to have won four Gold Medals in track and field Olympic history. Ashford twice came back from season ending injuries to reach the top of the sport in the following year. After injury in 1983, she became double Olympic Champion in 1984. In 1987, a hamstring pull prevented her from competing at the World Championships, then a season later added an Olympic Silver and third Gold Medal to her collection.On May 30, 1985, she gave birth to her daughter Raina Ashley Washington, and again came back for an excellent 1986, losing only once over both the 100 meters and 200 meters, and earning another #1 ranking by Track & Field News over the shorter distance. After parting ways with her coach Pat Connolly (herself a 3-time Olympian) in 1985, Ashford was largely self-coached. In 1997, Ashford was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame, where she is said to be “one of the greatest track and field runners ever.” February 2015 29 Black College Football Hall of Fame Class of 2015 November 5, 2014 (Atlanta, GA) – The Black College Football Hall of Fame (BCFHOF) announced its Class of 2015. Seven inductees were selected from a list of 25 Finalists who had been determined earlier by the BCFHOF Selection Committee. The Class includes Roger Brown (University of Maryland Eastern Shore), Richard Dent (Tennessee State University), L.C. Greenwood (University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff), Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd (Grambling State University), Ken Riley (Florida A&M University), Donnie Shell (South Carolina State University) and Coach W.C. Gorden (Jackson State University). Votes were tallied from the 13-member Selection Committee, comprised of prominent journalists, commentators and historians, as well as former NFL General Managers and executives, and from previous BCFHOF inductees to determine the Class of 2015. Inductees will be honored at the Sixth Annual Black College Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Ceremony, presented by the Atlanta Falcons. The event will take place at the recently opened College Football Hall of Fame in Atlanta, Georgia on February 28, 2015. For more information please visit www.BlackCollegeFootballHOF.org. times, including one for a safety. During his stint with the Rams, Brown, along with Deacon Jones, Lamar Lundy, and Merlin Olsen formed a new “Fearsome Foursome,” the most feared defensive line at the time. He retired after three seasons with the Rams, ending a career in which he was an NFL Pro Bowl player for 6 straight seasons (1962–1967) and a 2-time First-Team All-Pro (1962 and 1963). Brown was the first NFL player to have a playing weight over 300 pounds, but his size and speed made him one of the most dynamic players of the time. In 1997, he was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame. After his playing career was over, Brown went into the restaurant business. He started a chain of 8 restaurants in the Chicago area, and later owned 3 McDonald’s locations in Virginia. Today, he owns Roger Brown’s Restaurant and Sports Bar in Portsmouth, Virginia and the Cove Tavern,s in Williamsburg, and Newport News Virginia. He is active in the Hampton Roads community, serving on 14 various local boards and committees. Class of 2015 Roger Brown (Player) Roger Lee Brown was born May 1, 1937, in Surry County, Virginia. He is a former American football defensive tackle who played 10 years in the National Football League (NFL). He retired after the 1969 NFL season. Brown was drafted in the 4th round, 42nd overall, in the 1960 NFL Draft out of Maryland Eastern Shore by the Detroit Lions. He was a NAIA All-American (1958, 1959). He played in the College All-star game in Chicago, Illinois, against the Baltimore Colts. Brown played with the original fearsome foursome in Detroit, with Alex Karras, Sam Williams and Darris McCord, He was named the 1962 Outstanding Defensive Lineman in the league. He sacked both Bart Starr and Johnny Unitas for safeties. This accomplishment tyied an individual NFL record for safeties scored in a single season; first set in 1932. He played for the Lions through the 1966 season, then was traded to the Los Angeles Rams. He was known for his performance in the “Thanksgiving Day Massacre” game against the Green Bay Packers in 1962, where he sacked Bart Starr 6 30 Roger Brown BSTM February 2015 In 2009, he was inducted into the National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame. Richard Dent (Player) Richard Lamar Dent was born December 13, 1960, in Atlanta, Georgia. He is a former American football defensive end, who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. His career included stints with the Chicago Bears (19831993), San Francisco 49ers (1994), Chicago Bears (1995), Indianapolis Colts (1996) and the Philadelphia Eagles (1997). He was the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of Super Bowl XX. Dent was a two-time Super Bowl Champion (XX and XXIX). He played 15 seasons in the NFL, named All-Pro five times and elected to four Pro Bowls. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2011. up the loose ball and returned it for a touchdown, a moment said to be a perfect end to the Bears’ season (at home) and others say the snow was “Papa Bear” George Halas giving his thumbsup to the team. When the Bears went on to defeat the New England Patriots in 46-10 landslide in Super Bowl XX, Dent was selected as the game’s MVP. During the game, he shared 1.5 sacks, forced two fumbles, and blocked a pass. He was a featured soloist of the “Shuffling Crew” in the video the “Super Bowl Shuffle” in 1985: “The sackman’s comin,’ I’m your man Dent. If the quarterback’s slow, He’s gonna get bent. We stop the run, we stop the pass, I After graduating in 1983, and playing four years at Tennessee State University, Dent was drafted in the eighth round by the Bears, with 203rd overall pick in the 1983 NFL Draft. Richard Dent At 6 feet, 5 inches and 265 pounds, Dent was a great pass rusher who beat offensive tackles with his speed. He was part of the core of great players who made the Bears’ defenses of the 1980s legendary. Between 1984 and 1985, Dent recorded 34.5 sacks, while recording a teamrecord 17.5 sacks in the former season. He is a member of 100 sacks club (137.5 career sacks). In the 1985 season, Dent and the Bears had one of the most spectacular seasons in NFL history, finishing the season with a 15-1 record and shutting out both their opponents in the playoffs. Dent was a major factor in Chicago’s success, leading the NFL with 17 sacks, while recovering two fumbles and intercepting two passes (one of which was returned for a touchdown). In the 1985 playoffs, Dent was phenomenal, performing in what was quite possibly the most impressive defensive postseason performance in history. In the divisional playoff game in which the Bears hosted the New York Giants, Dent recorded seven tackles, three and a half sacks, and two forced fumbles. In the NFC Championship Game, he, along with teammate Wilber Marshall, provided one of the most memorable playoff moments in history. Late in the 4th quarter and snow just starting, quarterback Dieter Brock dropped back to pass, but Dent got there and sacked him, knocking the ball loose. Marshall picked BSTM like to dump guys on their #&$! We love to play for the world’s best fans, You better start makin’ your Super Bowl plans!” Dent would remain with the team until the end of the 1993 season, after the Bears had won just one playoff game since their loss to the San Francisco 49ers in the 1988 NFC Championship Game, and head coach Mike Ditka had been replaced by Dave Wannstedt. He won another Super Bowl ring after spending the 1994 season under contract with the 49ers, though he spent almost the whole year injured. Injuries would continue to hamper him after his return to Chicago in 1995. He would spend 1996 and 1997 with the Indianapolis Colts and Philadelphia Eagles, respectively, playing the so-called designated pass rusher for them. Dent retired after the 1997 season. His lifetime statistics included 137.5 sacks and eight interceptions; he returned these picks for February 2015 31 89 yards and one touchdown. He also recovered 13 fumbles, returning them for 56 yards and one touchdown. He had 124.5 sacks during his first stint with the Bears, from 1983 to 1993. At the time of his retirement, his 137.5 sacks ranked him third in NFL history behind Reggie White and Bruce Smith. During Super Bowl XLIV, Dent joined other members of the 1985 Chicago Bears in resurrecting the “Super Bowl Shuffle” in a Boost Mobile commercial. He has been nominated numerous times for the Pro Football Hall of Fame. In 2005-2009, he was among the top 15 finalists in the selection process. After several years of unsuccessful nominations, he was finally selected for enshrinement in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio on February 5, 2011. His induction speech was notable for omitting any mention of both Ditka and Chicago defensive coordinator Buddy Ryan. Dent was also inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame on February 15, 2008. According to a DNA analysis, Dent descended mainly from the Mende people of the country Sierra Leone and Balanta people of the country Guinea Bissau (both African countries). All-American defensive lineman in the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC). Greenwood was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1969, in the 10th round. In 1971, he became the starting left defensive end. One of the four members of Pittsburgh’s famous Steel Curtain, he would remain there until retirement in 1981. Greenwood, who was 6 feet 6 inches tall and weighed 245 pounds, was a six-time Pro Bowl player, and was named to NFL All-Pro teams in 1974 and 1975. He was named All-AFC five times. He also led the Steelers six times in sacks with a career total of 73½ (sacks were an unofficial stat at the time). According to records kept by the Steelers, Greenwood’s highest singleseason sack total was 11, which he attained in 1974. He further had 14 fumble recoveries in his career, including five in 1971, which tied for the NFL lead. He had a recorded time of 4.7 seconds in the 40-yard dash, and that speed allowed him to dominate his position. In Super Bowl IX against the Minnesota Vikings, Greenwood batted down two passes from Fran Tarkenton. In Super Bowl X against the Dallas Cowboys, he sacked Roger Staubach four times. Greenwood played in all four of the Steelers Super Bowl victories in the 1970s. Unofficially, he had five sacks in the four Super Bowl appearances. L.C. Greenwood (Player) L. C. Henderson Greenwood was an American football defensive end for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League. Greenwood was born September 8, 1946, in Canton, Mississippi. He graduated from Arkansas AM&N (now University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. He was also named the 1968 Ebony Greenwood was known for wearing gold-colored shoes on the football field. (By today’s NFL rules, Greenwood would be fined since it would not be in uniform with the rest of the team.) He was called “Hollywood Bags” because he claimed he kept his bags packed and ready so he could leave for Hollywood at a moment’s notice. He was a finalist in the 2005 Pro Football Hall of Fame voting but did not get elected. He was again a finalist in 2006, but was not elected. Greenwood has stated that while he would be honored if he were to be inducted into the Hall of Fame, he would not be upset if he were not elected, feeling that the Steelers already in the Hall (in particular, “Mean Joe” Greene) represent the entire team’s accomplishments. In 1991, Greenwood was named to the Super Bowl Silver Anniversary Team, and in 2007, he was named to the Steelers All-Time Team. He was named to the 1970s NFL All-Decade Team. Greenwood died of kidney failure on September 29, 2013. He was 67 years old. Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd (Player) Ernest “Ernie” Ladd, nicknamed “The Big Cat”, was an American collegiate and professional football player and a professional wrestler. Ladd was born November 28, 1938, in Rayville, Louisiana and raised in Orange, Texas. He was a football and basketball star in high school. In high school, he was coached by William Ray Smith, Sr., father of Bubba Smith. Ladd subsequently attended Grambling State University on a basketball scholarship. He was drafted by the American Football League’s (AFL) San Diego Chargers in 1961. Ladd found success in the AFL as one of the largest players in professional football history at 6' 9" and 315 pounds. Ladd was said to be the biggest and strongest man in professional football during his era: 52-inch chest, 39inch waist, 20-inch biceps, 19-inch neck and size 18D shoes. #68 - L.C. Greenwood 32 BSTM Ladd, an American Football League All-Star from 1962 through February 2015 1965, was one of the AFL players that organized a walkout on the 1965 AFL All-Star Game due to the racism they experienced in New Orleans. Although Ladd found success with the Chargers, he had a contentious relationship with the Chargers front office. He started the 1965 season being indefinitely suspended from the team by Coach/General Manager Sid Gillman. Ladd stated that he and teammate Earl Faison would play out their contract options, opting to take a 10 percent cut in salary in exchange for becoming free agents at the end of the season. A planned trade with the Oilers in early 1966 would have sent Faison and Ladd to Houston. However, both were declared free agents after a ruling by AFL commissioner Joe Foss, whom declared that Oilers owner Bud Adams had tampered in trade dealings with the Chargers. Ladd refused to re-sign with the Chargers and suggested he might instead turn to professional wrestling full-time. draw in short order. When knee problems cut his football career short, Ladd turned to the more financially lucrative business of wrestling full-time in 1969. After a run as a fan favorite, he became one of wrestling’s most hated heels during the 1970s, as well as one of the first Black wrestlers to portray a heel character. He riled crowds with his arrogant and colorful demeanor during interviews, especially with his less than politically correct nicknames for opponents such as Wahoo McDaniel (whom he referred to as “the Drunken Indian”), and Mr. Wrestling (whom he called “the Masked Varmint” and insisted that he was an escaped criminal). Ladd also gained infamy through use of his controversial taped thumb, which he claimed was from an old football injury. Often, when Ladd appeared to be in serious trouble during a match, he’d walk out of the arena and accept a count-out loss. This practice has since become known as “pulling an Ernie Ladd” in some circles. Ladd wrestled for a number of different wrestling associations, including the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF) where he was managed by The Grand Wizard of Wrestling. Eventually, Ladd signed with the Oilers and spent the 1966 season playing for them before moving in 1967 to the Kansas City Chiefs. There, with former Grambling teammate Buck Buchanan, he filled out what was probably the biggest defensive tackle tandem in history. Both Ladd and Buchanan are members of the Grambling State University Athletic Hall of Fame. #77 - Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd Boston Patriots center Jon Morris said Ladd was so big, he blocked out the sun: “It was dark. I couldn’t see the linebackers. I couldn’t see the goalposts. It was like being locked in a closet.” In 1981, he was inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of Fame. Ladd was recognized for his careers in both football and wrestling. He was inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of Fame in 1981, the Grambling State University Hall of Fame in 1989 and the WWF Hall of Fame in 1995. Ladd started wrestling in 1961. As a publicity stunt, some wrestlers in the San Diego area challenged Ladd to a private wrestling workout. Before long, Ladd was a part-time competitor in Los Angeles, during football’s off-season. He became a huge BSTM Known for his immense size and power, it was a natural for Ladd to engage in feuds with other giants, including a famous feud with André the Giant (whom Ladd referred to as “Andre the Dummy” or “The Big Fat French Fry” during interviews). In certain areas, Ladd’s wrestling nickname was “The King,” and he would wear an ornate crown to emphasize it. In other wrestling associations, he was “The Big Cat,” and walked in with a big cowboy hat. Ladd challenged Bruno Sammartino one time at Madison Square Garden for the WWWF title when Bruno reigned, handily pinning Earl “Mr. Universe” Maynard the month prior. He also challenged Pedro Morales for the same title during the latter’s reign. In 1978, he wrestled WWWF champion Bob Backlund. When the International Wrestling Association had its brief run in the New York area, Ladd lost a 2 out of 3 fall match to champion Mil Mascaras, 2 falls to 1 (he pinned Mascaras the first fall, was disqualified in the second, and was pinned by Mascaras in the third). This match took place at Roosevelt Stadium, in Jersey City, New Jersey. February 2015 33 Want to Advertise with us? BSTM For Ad Rates Call: 202-882-9444 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org BSTM Read about Mo’ne at www.bstmllc.com 1st Girl to win a shut-out in Postseason Little League World Series History Your Monthly Sports Website! Welcome to BSTM Current Issue of BSTM Photo of the Month BSTM Store Read Previous Issues Special Editions HBCU Sports BSTM Forum Sports News Sports Medicine Join BSTM’s Email Listing BSTM Poll BSTM Financial Advice Sports History BSTM on Facebook www.bstmllc.com / www.blacksportsthemagazine.com After leaving the WWWF, Ladd ventured to the Mid-South territory promoted by Bill Watts. While in the Mid-South area, Ladd feuded with Paul Orndorff, Ray Candy, and Junkyard Dog. He also served as a manager to Afa & Sika, the Wild Samoans. Ladd also had a decent run as part of a tag team with “Bad” Leroy Brown in the early 1980s. Ladd would also assist Watts as a booker behind the scenes, and had a large part in the development of Sylvester Ritter as the area’s top draw. He retired from wrestling in 1986 due to recurring knee problems. In 1986, Ladd returned to the WWWF as a color commentator. He called the 20 Man Battle Royal at Wrestlemania 2 (which featured NFL players). He also teamed with Gorilla Monsoon & Johnny Valiant at the broadcast booth during The Big Event at C.N.E. Stadium in Toronto, Canada. Then afterwards, Ladd quietly left the WWWF. He was inducted into the WWWF Hall of Fame in 1995. Ladd owned and operated Big Cat Ernie Ladd’s “Throwdown” BBQ Restaurant in New Orleans, Louisiana, until August 29, 2005, when it was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. In the hurricane’s aftermath, he ministered to Katrina evacuees at the Astrodome. He was a friend of WWWE Hall of Fame commentator Jim Ross. selected to play in the AFL All-Star Game or the AFC-NFC Pro Bowl, and to this date has not been voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Riley was born August 6, 1947, in Bartow, Florida. Before his professional career, he played quarterback for Florida A&M University. In addition to being a skilled athlete, Riley also excelled academically. He earned his team’s scholastic award and a Rhodes Scholar Candidacy. In 1977, he was enshrined in Florida A&M’s Athletic Hall of Fame. After graduating from college, Riley was selected by the Bengals in the 6th round of the 1969 Common Draft. When Riley reported to training camp, Cincinnati head coach Paul Brown decided to convert Riley to the cornerback position. Brown’s decision turned out to be a very good one. Riley made an immediate impact for the Bengals as a defensive back, recording 4 interceptions and 66 return yards. He also recovered 2 fumbles, added another 334 yards on 14 kickoff returns, and even caught 2 passes for 15 yards on offense. For the rest of his career, Riley established himself as one of the top defensive backs in Pro Football, recording 3 or more interceptions in all but 3 of his 15 seasons. His best season was in 1976, when he recorded 9 interceptions, 141 return yards, 1 touchdown, and 2 fumble recoveries. His 9 interceptions set a franchise record for most interceptions in one season, and would remain the team record for 30 years until it was broken by Deltha O’Neal in 2005. He also set a record that year by intercepting 3 passes in the final game of the season; a 42-3 win over New York Jets. Riley intercepted Richard Todd once and future hall of fame quarterback Joe Namath twice. It was Namath’s final game as a New York Jet. He also appeared in an episode of That ’70s Show entitled “That Wrestling Show.” He was in the locker room with The Rock, who was playing his father “Soul Man” Rocky Johnson, whom Eric & Red were seeking an autograph from. Ladd was also a basketball coach for young kids in Franklin, Louisiana. Ladd was diagnosed with colon cancer in the winter of 2003-2004. His doctor told him that he had three to six months to live. Ladd died several years later on March 10, 2007, at the age of 68. He was survived by his wife of 45 years and their four children. #13 - Ken Riley Ken Riley (Player) Kenneth Jerome Riley is a former professional defensive back who played his entire career for the Cincinnati Bengals, in the American Football League (AFL) in 1969 and in the NFL from 1970 through 1983. Riley recorded 65 interceptions in his career, which was the fourth most in Pro Football history at the time of his retirement behind three members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame; Dick Lane, Emlen Tunnell and Paul Krause. But despite his accomplishments, Riley was never an exceptionally popular or well known player. In his 15 seasons, Riley was never once BSTM Since then, several Bengals players have tied the record (including Riley, who did it again in a 1982 game, picking off 3 passes from Oakland Raiders quarterback Jim Plunkett). But, nobody has broken it. Despite his success in the 1976 season, Riley was not selected to play in the Pro Bowl. Meanwhile, his defensive back teammate Lemar Parrish, who recorded just 2 interceptions and missed half the season with injuries, was a Pro Bowl selection. Riley continued to be an impact player for Cincinnati throughout the rest of his career. In 1981, he recorded 5 interceptions and 1 fumble recovery, assisting his team to their first ever Super Bowl appearance against the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XVI. In his final NFL season (1983), the 36-year old Riley recorded 8 interceptions, 89 return yards, 2 touchdowns, and 2 fumble February 2015 35 was a member of the Steelers famed Steel Curtain defense in the 1970s. recoveries. In his 15 pro football seasons, Riley recorded a total of 65 interceptions, 596 return yards, 5 touchdowns, 18 fumble recoveries, 96 fumble return yards, 334 kickoff return yards, and 15 receiving yards. His interceptions, interception return yards, and interceptions returned for touchdowns are all Bengals records. After his pro football playing career ended, Riley spent two years as an assistant coach for the Green Bay Packers. Then in 1986, he took over as the head coach of his alma mater, Florida A&M. He coached Florida A&M from 1986–1993, compiling a 48-39-2 record, with two Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Titles and 2 MEAC Coach of the Year Awards. Riley then served as Florida A&M’s Athletic Director from 1994-2003. He is now retired and living in his hometown of Bartow, Florida. Commenting about not yet being enshrined in the Hall of Fame, Riley said “I think my numbers are deserving of the Hall of Fame. I’ve always been a modest and low-key type guy. I’ve always thought your work would speak for you. It’s like it’s working against me now because the older you get and the longer you stay out of it, people forget who you are.” In 2007, he was named to the Florida High School Association All-Century Team which selected the Top 33 players in the 100 year history of high school football in the state of Florida’s history. Donnie Shell (Player) Donnie Shell is a former strong safety for the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League between 1974 and 1987. He Shell retired as the NFL strong safety career leader in interceptions with 51. He started eleven straight years for the Steelers and was selected to the Steelers All-Time Team, the College Football Hall of Fame, and to the NFL Silver Anniversary Super Bowl Team. Shell was born August 26, 1952, in Whitmire, South Carolina. He played college football for Willie Jeffries at South Carolina State University, where he was teammates with future New York Giants and Hall of Fame linebacker Harry Carson. He earned All-American and All conference honors as a member of the South Carolina State Bulldogs. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1998. He was signed undrafted by the Steelers. Shell was a five time Pro Bowler between 1978 and 1982, a 4 time All-Pro selection, and was the Steelers team MVP in 1980. He saved several possible six points in Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. He had been in the top fifteen in balloting for the Pro Football Hall of Fame once before, in 2002 but with no success. Shell resides in Rock Hill, South Carolina and was the Carolina Panthers Director of Player Development from 1994 to 2009. With the lone exception of former Steelers safety Mike Logan, who grew up in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, just outside of Pittsburgh, Shell’s number 31 has not been reissued by the eam. #31 - Donnie Shell 36 BSTM February 2015 He played in 201 games for the Steelers, second only to Hall of Fame Center Mike Webster (who played in 220). Shell is a four-time Super Bowl Champion (IX, X, XII, XIV). He was named to Black College 100-Year Team. W.C. Gorden (Coach) William C. Gorden was born June 30, 1930, in Nashville, Tennessee. He is a former football player and coach. He served as the head coach at Jackson State University (JSU) from 1977 to 1991, compiling a record of 118–47–5. Gorden was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2008. He is an alumnus of Tennessee State University. As the winningest coach in Jackson State history, W.C. Gorden established himself as one of the most successful mentors in Football Championship Subdivision annals during his 15-year head coaching career. During the Gorden era, the Tigers won eight Southwest Athletic Conference titles; made nine trips to the NCAA playoffs; and won a SWAC-record 28 consecutive conference games from 1985-89. Coach W.C. Gorden JSU also led the Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA) in game attendance seven times under Gorden’s watch. In 1985, he coached the SWAC all-stars to a 16-14 victory over the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) team in the third annual Freedom Bowl. Named conference Coach of the Year six times, Gorden was a 1994 inductee into the SWAC Hall of Fame. The Nashville, Tennessee native was inducted into the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame in 1997. He was the 1997 recipient of the Capital City Classic Humanitarian Award. After retiring from coaching at JSU, he served as the university’s Athletics Director for two years, and has since become actively involved in community service and governmental affairs. Currently a motivational speaker, Gorden resides in Jackson, Mississippi. Head Coaching Record Year 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 Team Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Overall 8–3 10–2 8–3 8–3 9–2–1 Conference 5–1 5–1 4–2 5–1 5–1 Standing 2nd 2nd T–3rd T–1st 1st 1982 Jackson State 9–3 6–0 1st 1983 1984 1985 Jackson State Jackson State Jackson State 8–3 4–5–1 8–3 5–2 3–4 6–1 T–2nd 5th T–1st 1986 Jackson State 9–3 7–0 1st 1987 Jackson State 8–3–1 7–0 1st 1988 Jackson State 8–1–2 7–0 1st 1989 1990 Jackson State Jackson State 8–4 8–4 5–2 5–1 T–2nd 1st 5–5 118–47–5 118–47–5 3–4 ----- 6th ----- BSTM February 2015 State State State State State 1991 Jackson State Jackson State: Total: Bowl/playoffs ----L NCAA Division I-AA Semifinal ----W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA Quarterfinal W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title --------L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title L NCAA Division I-AA First Round L NCAA Division I-AA First Round W Conference Title --------- 37 Spotlight On: Johnny Grier First African-American Referee in the History of the NFL Johnny Grier was an American football official for 23 years in the National Football League (NFL) from 1981 to 2004. He began in the NFL as a field judge before becoming the first African-American referee in the history of the NFL with the start of the 1988 NFL season. Grier has officiated in one Super Bowl, Super Bowl XXII in 1988, which was his last game as a field judge and the same game in which Doug Williams became the first AfricanAmerican quarterback to win the Super Bowl. On the field, he wore uniform number 23, which is now worn by Jerome Boger, another African-American referee. Grier attended college at the University of the District of Columbia. Johnny Grier Grier began officiating football at age 18, and started as a high school football official in 1965, later moved on to college football in 1972, and eventually the NFL in 1981. His career ended abruptly during the 2004 NFL season when he was forced to retire due to a leg injury suffered during a series of games. He was replaced by the back judge on his crew, Scott Green, who had p r e v i o u s experience as a referee in NFL Johnny Europe. Champions aren’t made in gyms, champions are made from something they have deep inside them — a desire, a dream, a vision. They have to have last-minute stamina, they have to be a little faster, they have to have the skill and the will. But the will must be stronger than the skill. Grier Grier now serves as an officiating supervisor for the NFL and previously served as Supervisor of Football Officials for the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC). 38 BSTM February 2015 Muhammad Ali Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club 7600 Mystic Dunes Lane - Celebration, FL 34747 Located just two miles south of Walt Disney World® Resort and minutes from Universal Orlando® Resort, Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club features: Spacious one, two & three-bedroom villas; Fully equipped kitchens; Private whirlpool baths; Large screen TVs; 18-hole championship golf course; Four swimming pools; 18-hole miniature golf course; Onsite dining options; and Family and supervised children’s activities. Built on one of the highest elevations in the area, Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club is nestled on over 600 acres of lush Florida nature preserves and rolling hills, just minutes away from Orlando’s major theme parks and attractions. 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Dining When mealtime comes, there’s no need to leave the comfort of your resort with the variety of dining options available to you. Service and Amenities Gated entrance; 18 hole par 71 championship golf course; 18 hole miniature golf course; 4 resort pools, including Dunes Lagoon* with two-story water slide and private cabanas; Tennis & basketball courts; Family and supervised children’s activities; Bicycle rentals; Kenzie’s full service restaurant and bar; Room service; Maui Pizza Delivery Service; Grocery Delivery Service; Discounted attraction tickets; Complimentary shuttle transportation to Walt Disney World®, Universal Orlando®, and SeaWorld® Orlando theme parks; Local transportation services (provided by Platinum Transportation Inc.); High speed Internet service; Dry cleaning service; Fax service; Express check-out; Catering & banquet services; and Wheelchair accessible resort facilities. Mystic Dunes Golf Club Designed by Champions Tour Player and NBC golf analyst Gary Koch and rated a 4 1/2 Star course by Golf Digest magazine, Mystic Dunes Golf Club is renowned as one of the most unique courses in all of Florida. With 80-foot elevation changes, rolling sand dunes, mature oaks and large wetland areas, the par 71 course offers two distinctly different nines. The “low country” style front nine is reminiscent of classic Carolina courses, meandering through native wetlands and marsh areas, bordering oak and cypress forests. The back nine features the characteristics of a British Isles links course, with extensive perimeter mounding and pot bunkers, and lush, rolling fairways. The course also includes several signature holes, 36 bunkers, two holes with surrounding water and two holes as designated island holes. Take advantage of the 60,000 sq. ft. practice facility including a driving range, chipping and putting greens and practice bunkers. Check out the extensive Pro Shop, where you’ll find the latest in golf fashion and equipment for both men and women. For more information, email your: Name - address - tel. # to email@example.com UCLA Announces Jackie Robinson Athletics and Recreation Complex Los Angeles, California – The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) announced that it is naming a series of recreation and athletics facilities in honor of Jackie Robinson, the legendary foursport Bruin star who went on to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, and earn a place in Baseball’s Hall of Fame. “Jackie Robinson’s name and his legacy are an honor to this University, and to all the students and student-athletes who will continue to be inspired by his courage, dignity and grace,” said UCLA Chancellor Gene Block. “Jackie detested Rachel Robinson (l), the Wife of Jackie Robinson injustice, fought for civil rights and his spirit of breaking barriers has been and always will be a guiding force of UCLA In an official naming ceremony on the Drake Stadium concourse, past, present and future.” UCLA officials said 22 facilities will be named the Jackie Robinson Athletics and Recreation Complex. They include: Acosta Athletic Training Complex, Bruin Fitness Center, Elvin C. “Ducky” Drake Track & Field Stadium, Easton Stadium, Gifford Golf Practice Facility, Hitch Outdoor Basketball Courts, UCLA Intramural Playing Fields, Jackie Robinson Stadium, J.D. Morgan Athletics Center, John Wooden Center, Kinross Recreation Center, Los Angeles Tennis Center, UCLA Marina Aquatics Center, North Athletic Field, North Pool, Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion, South Pool, Spaulding Field, Spieker Aquatics Center, Student Activities Center, Sunset Canyon Recreation Center and Sycamore Tennis Courts. Jackie Robinson 40 BSTM February 2015 The naming ceremony included remarks from Chancellor Block, UCLA Athletic Director Dan Guerrero and Vice Chancellor Janina Montero. To a crowd of distinguished guests, Rachel Robinson, the wife of Jackie Robinson and a UCLA Medal recipient, recalled both her Jackie Robinson husband’s legacy and their time together at UCLA. The ceremony, which culminated in a celebratory naming and photo opportunity to commemorate the occasion, is the first of two special events celebrating the legacy of Jackie Robinson on the 75th anniversary of his arrival at UCLA. “Jackie Robinson was one of the great athletes of the 20th Century,” said Guerrero. “Yet for all of Jackie’s athletic achievements, it is his humanity that sets him apart from the others. As UCLA Athletic Director, I expect our studentathletes to represent the university with class, character and dignity under any and all circumstances – in short, I expect them to meet the standard set forth by Jackie Robinson.” Chief among campus’ recognition of the complex will be an in-ground number 42 at each entry point to UCLA’s training centers, competition sites, fields and stadiums as a reminder of Robinson’s tremendous courage in the face of adversity. “The name Jackie Robinson is synonymous with excellence and sports equity,” said Mick Deluca, Assistant Vice Chancellor of Campus Life. “It is a tremendous honor and testament to inclusion knowing that going forward, UCLA students, faculty, staff, and athletes of various backgrounds, interests and abilities will have the opportunity to participate in an athletics and recreation complex that now bears his name.” Jackie Robinson Statue at UCLA On Saturday, November 22, during the first quarter break of the UCLAUSC football game at the Rose Bowl, Jackie Robinson’s legacy Six years later, Jackie Robinson claimed a place in history. Wearing number 42 for the Brooklyn Dodgers, on April 15, 1947, was honored through a special in-stadium video. he shattered the color barrier in Major League Baseball forever. Additionally, to celebrate the naming of Jackie Robinson Athletics Despite enduring racial abuse, jeers of fans and fellow players, and Recreation Complex, Robinson’s iconic number 42 was death threats and profound harassment, he endured it all with painted onto the Rose Bowl field and worn on the helmets of grace and dignity - not to mention exceptional play - earning Rookie of the Year honors and a National League Most Valuable each UCLA football player. Player Award in addition to helping the Dodgers win the 1955 Seventy-five years ago, Jackie Robinson claimed a place at World Series. A career .311 hitter, Robinson played in six World UCLA. From 1939 to 1941, he starred in four sports. In football, Series, six consecutive All-Star games was inducted into the Robinson played both offense and defense, returned punts, Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962 during his first year of eligibility. caught and threw passes, kicked extra points and in the process, earned honorable mention All-American accolades. In basketball, Fighting tirelessly for civil rights and integration in professional he twice led the Pacific Coast Conference in scoring. In track, he sports long after his time on the diamond was over, Robinson won the NCAA championship in the broad jump. And in baseball, perhaps best summed up his own legacy with a typically he began his legendary journey as a highly-regarded shortstop understated yet poignant quote – “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” for the Bruins. 40 BSTM February 2015 Vacation Resorts You Decide!!* Tell us where and when. We tell you what resorts are available. 1 week prices** $500 $600 $700 Locations United States South America - Mexico - Central America Canada - Carribbean Europe - Africa - Middle East - Asia - Austria - South Pacific For more information Email name, tel. # and email address to: firstname.lastname@example.org - include location and week * Based on availablity. * * Price only covers lodging. Capacity - minimum 1 person - maximum depends on room(s) availablity & size. Announces 2015 Basketball Broadcast Schedule Games and Times are Subject to Change 1-Jan 3-Jan 3-Jan 5-Jan 5-Jan 8-Jan 10-Jan 10-Jan 17-Jan 18-Jan 19-Jan 19-Jan 21-Jan 24-Jan 24-Jan 28-Jan 31-Jan 31-Jan JANUARY Thu. Sat. Sat. Mon. Mon. Thu. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sun. Mon. Mon. Wed. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. FEBRUARY Mon. Sat. Sat. Mon. Sat. Sat. Sat. Mon. Mon. Sat. Sat. Mon. 2-Feb 7-Feb 7-Feb 9-Feb 14-Feb 14-Feb 14-Feb 16-Feb 16-Feb 21-Feb 21-Feb 23-Feb 2/24-2/28 28-Feb Sat. 28-Feb Sat. MARCH 03/2-03/07 2-Mar Mon. 2-Mar Mon. 5-Mar Thu. 5-Mar Thu. 3/10-3/14 Livingstone @ Bowie State (DH) Winston-Salem @ Lincoln (DH) Grambling @ Ala. State (DH) Jackson State @ Ala. State (DH) WSSU @ Bowie State (DH) Fay. State @ Lincoln (DH) Morgan State @ Delaware State(DH) Va. State @ Livingstone (DH) Lincoln @ Bowie State (DH) Va. State @ Va. Union NCCU @ Hampton (DH) Bethune @Morgan State (DH) Va. Union @ Bowie State (DH) Lincoln @ Va. Union (DH) Alcorn State @ Ala. State (DH) Va. State @ Bowie State (DH) Livingstone @ WSSU Morgan State @ Howard (DH) Bowie, MD Lincoln, PA Montgomery, AL Montgomery, AL Bowie, MD Lincoln, PA Dover, DE Salisbury, NC Bowie, MD Richmond, VA Hampton, VA Baltimore, MD Bowie, MD Richmond, VA Montgomery, AL Bowie, MD Winston-Salem,NC Washington, DC 5:30/7:30p 5:30/7:30p 4p/6p 6:30/8:30p 5:30/7:30p 5:30/7:30p 2p/4p TBA 1p/4p 7:00p 6p/8p 5:30/7:30p 5:30/7:30p 2p/4p 4p/6p 5:30/7:30p 2p/4p 2p/4p Morgan State @ Coppin (DH) Baltimore, MD 5:30/7:30p NCCU @ NCCU @ N.C. A&T (DH) Greensboro, NC 4p/6p Bowie State @ Lincoln (DH) Lincoln, PA 2p/4p Mississippi Valley @ ASU (DH) Montgomery, AL 6:30/8:30p Shaw @ St. Augustine (DH) Raleigh, NC 2p/4p Delaware State@ UMES (DH) Princess Anne, MD 2p/4p AAMU @ ASU Montgomery, AL 6pm Hampton @ Morgan State (DH) Baltimore, MD 5:30/7:30p Coppin @ Delaware State (DH) Dover, DE 5:30/7:30p Morgan State & NCCU (DH) Durham, NC 4p/6p Virginia State @ Lincoln (DH) Lincoln, PA 2p/4p Morgan State @ N.C. A&T (DH) Greensboro, NC 5:30/7:30p CIAA CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - CHARLOTTE, NC Coppin State @ Morgan (DH) Baltimore, MD 2p/4p Hampton @ Howard (DH) Washington, DC 5p/7p SIAC CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - BIRMINGHAM, AL Norfolk State @ Howard (DH) Washington, DC 5:30/7:30p Prairie View @ ASU (DH) Montgomery, AL 6:30/8:30p N.C. A&T @ NCCU (DH) Durham, NC 5:30/7:30p Morgan State @ UMES (DH) Princess Anne, MD 5:30/7:30p SWAC CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - HOUSTON, TX About Heritage Sports Radio Network Founded in 2006, HSRN was created to provide a sports voice for the HBCU community. For over 100 years, HBCUs have participated in collegiate athletics with little to no media coverage. Stars like Walter Payton, Doug Williams and Michael Strahan are just a few of the many superstars who were HBCU athletes. There are approximately 7 million fans of HBCU sports who were media orphans in search of a home. HSRN is the only national radio network dedicated to HBCU sports. Our goal is to fuse the greats of the past with the stars of today to showcase the significance of this unique colorful and underserved sports community.
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