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BSTM
Celebrating
R
Black History Month
Black College
Football Hall of
Fame Class of
2015
Class of 2015
Ken Riley
Donnie Shell
Roger Brown
Richard Dent
L.C. Greenwood
Coach W.C. Gorden
Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd
Richard Dent
TenneessState
University/
Chicago Bears
“Mr. Cub”
“Ernie” Banks
1-31-1931 –
1-23-2015
Evelyn Ashford
USA Olympian
Extraordinaire
Pele
“The King of Football”
“The King Pele”
“The King”
Inside
F1 Championship – Black College
Football HOF - Photo Gallery – Black
College Coaches’ Trailblazer Award
NFL – Soccer – Boxing – Olympic
History & Trailblazers Listing of HBCUs
February 2015 Vol. 2
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INSIDE THIS ISSUE
COVER STORY
Black College Football Hall of Fame Class of 2015
30
Roger Brown - University of Maryland Eastern Shore
31
Richard Dent - Tennessee State University
32
L.C. Greenwood - University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
32
Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd - Grambling State University
35
Ken Riley - Florida A&M University
36
Donnie Shell - South Carolina State University
37
Coach W.C. Gorden - Jackson State University
BLACK HISTORY
14
16
22
24
29
38
38
40
Sweet Thunder: Sugar Ray Robinson - A Book Review
Pele: “The King of Football” (O Reido Futebol), “The King Pele” (O Rei
Pele) or “The King” (O Rei)
Woody Strode: Decathlete, Football Star & Popular & Pioneering AfricanAmerican Film Actor
Lewis Hamilton [2014 Formula One Season] Wins the 2014 World Driver’s
Championship
Evelyn Ashford: USA Olympian Extraordinaire
Spotlight On: Johnny Grier - First African-American Referee in the History of
the NFL
Muhammad Ali’s Quote
UCLA Announces Jackie Robinson Athletics and Recreation Complex
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
10
List of Historically Black Colleges and Universities
SPECIALS
6
“Mr. Club” - “Ernie” Banks: January 31, 1931 - January 23, 2015
FEATURES
PHOTO GALLERY
4
The Greatest Winner vs The Greatest Athlete
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The Greatest Winner
v
[NBA H
Bill Russell
vs
The Greatest Athlete
istory]
Wilt Chamberlain
“Mr. Cub”
“Ernie” Banks
January 31, 1931 – January 23, 2015
Ernest “Ernie” Banks, nicknamed “Mr. Cub,” was an American
professional baseball player. He was a Major League Baseball
(MLB) shortstop and first baseman for 19 seasons, 1953 through
1971. He spent his entire MLB career with the Chicago Cubs.
He was a National League (NL) All-Star for 11 seasons, playing
in 14 All-Star Games. Banks is regarded by some as one of the
greatest players of all time.
Banks was born and raised in Dallas, Texas. He entered Negro
League Baseball in 1950, playing for the Kansas City Monarchs.
He served in the U.S. military for two years, and returned to the
Monarchs before beginning his major league career in
September 1953. Banks made his first MLB All-Star Game
appearance in 1955. He received two consecutive National
League Most Valuable Player Awards in 1958 and 1959. He
received his first and only Gold Glove Award for shortstop in
1960.
He was transferred to the left field position during the 1961
season, followed by a final change to first base that year. Cubs
manager Leo Durocher became frustrated with Banks in the
mid-1960s, saying that the slugger’s performance was faltering,
but he felt that he was unable to remove Banks from the lineup
due to the star’s popularity among Cubs fans. Banks was a
player-coach from 1967 through 1971. In 1970, he hit his 500th
career home run. In 1972, he joined the Cubs coaching staff
after his retirement as a player.
Banks was active in the Chicago community during and after his
tenure with the Cubs. He founded a charitable organization,
became the first Black Ford Motor Company dealer in the United
States, and made an unsuccessful bid for a local political office.
He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in
1977. In 1999, he was named to the Major League Baseball AllCentury Team. In 2013, he was awarded the Presidential Medal
of Freedom for his contribution to sports. Banks lived in the Los
Angeles area.
Banks was born in Dallas, Texas, to Eddie and Essie Banks on
January 31, 1931. He had eleven siblings, ten of them younger.
His father, who had worked in construction and was a warehouse
loader for a grocery chain, played baseball for Black semi-pro
teams in Texas. As a child, Banks was not very interested in
baseball, preferring swimming, basketball and football. His father
bought him a baseball glove for less than three dollars at the
local five and dime store. He bribed Banks with nickels and
dimes to play catch. Ernie’s mother encouraged him to follow
one of his grandfathers into a career as a minister.
He graduated from Booker T. Washington High School in 1950.
He lettered in basketball, football and track. While the school did
not have a baseball team, he played fastpitch softball for a church
team during the summer. He was also a member of the Amarillo
Colts, a semi-pro baseball team. History professor Timothy
Gilfoyle wrote that Banks was discovered by Bill Blair, a family
6
BSTM
friend who scouted for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro
American League. Other sources report that he was noticed by
Cool Papa Bell of the Monarchs.
In 1951, Banks was drafted into the U.S. Army and served in
Germany during the Korean War. He suffered a knee injury in
basic training, but recovered after a few weeks of rest and therapy.
He served as a flag bearer in the 45th Anti-Aircraft Artillery
Battalion at Fort Bliss. While there, he played with the Harlem
Globetrotters on a part-time basis. In 1953, he was discharged
from the army and finished playing for the Monarchs that season
with a .347 batting average. Banks later said, “Playing for the
Kansas City Monarchs was like my school, my learning, my
world. It was my whole life.” In fact, when he was sold to the
Chicago Cubs, Banks was reluctant to leave his Monarchs
teammates.
Banks signed with the Cubs in the fall of 1953. He made his
major league debut at Wrigley Field on September 17th at age
22, and played in ten games. He became one of a handful of
former Negro League players who joined MLB teams without
playing in the minor leagues, and was also the Cubs’ first Black
player. In regard to Banks’ view of race in baseball, authors Larry
Moffi and Jonathan Kronstadt wrote that Banks “just was not the
crusading type. He was so grateful to be playing baseball for a
living, he did not have time to change the world, and if that meant
some people called him an Uncle Tom, well, so be it. Banks
was not about changing anyone’s mind about the color of his
skin. He was about baseball, pure and simple.”
He received a visit from Jackie Robinson during that first game
he played that influenced his quiet presence in baseball.
Robinson told Banks, “Ernie, I’m glad to see you’re up here so
now just listen and learn.” “For years, I didn’t talk, and learned a
lot about people.” Over time when Banks felt like becoming more
vocal, he discussed the issue with teammate Billy Williams,
who advised him to remain quiet. Williams drew the analogy of
fish that get caught once they open their mouths.
In 1954, Banks’ double play partner during his official rookie
season was Gene Baker, the second Cubs Black player. Banks
and Baker roomed together on road trips, and became the first
all-Black double-play combination in major league history. When
Steve Bilko played first base, Cubs announcer Bert Wilson referred
to the Banks-Baker-Bilko double play combination as “Bingo to
Bango to Bilko.” Banks hit 19 home runs and finished second to
Wally Moon in Rookie of the Year voting. Banks became a
participant in a trend toward much lighter baseball bats after he
accidentally picked up a teammate’s bat and liked how easy it
was to generate bat speed.
In 1955, Banks hit 44 home runs, had 117 RBIs, and batted .295.
He played in his first of 14 All-Star Games that season. His
home run total was a single-season record among shortstops.
He also set a thirty year record of five single-season grand slam
February 2015
home runs. Banks finished third that year in the league’s Most
Valuable Player (MVP) voting. The Cubs finished with a 72-81
win-loss record, winning only 29 of 77 road games. In 1956,
Banks missed 18 games due to a hand infection, breaking his
424 consecutive games played streak. He finished the season
with 28 home runs, 85 RBIs, and a .297 batting average. In
1957, he finished the season with 43 home runs, 102 RBIs, and
a .285 batting average.
In 1958 and 1959, Banks became the first NL player to be
awarded back-to-back NL MVP Awards. He hit .313 and led the
NL with 47 HR in 1958 and hit .304 with 45 HR in 1959, and was
the league’s RBI leader with 129 and 143 RBI in both of those
seasons. In 1959, the Cubs came the closest to a winning
season since Banks’ arrival,
finishing with a 74-80 record. In
1960, Banks hit a league-leading
41 HR, had 117 RBI, and led the
league in games played for the
sixth time in seven years. He also
received the league’s annual Gold
Glove Award for shortstop that year.
In 1961, Banks began having
problems with his knee while
playing shortstop when moving to
his left or right side. It was the
same knee he had injured while
in the army. After playing in 717
consecutive games, he pulled
himself from the Cubs lineup for
at least four games, ending his
pursuit of the NL consecutive
games played streak (895 games)
set by Stan Musial. In May, the
Cubs announced that Jerry Kindall
would replace Banks at shortstop
and that Banks would move to left
field. Banks later said, “Only a duck
out of water could have shared my
loneliness in left field.” Banks
credited center fielder Richie
Ashburn with helping him learn
how to play left field. In 23 games,
he committed only one error. In
June, he was moved to first base,
learning that position from former
first baseman and Cubs coach
Charley Grimm.
The Cubs began playing under the College of Coaches in 1961,
a system in which decisions were made by a group of 12 coaches
rather than by one manager. By the 1962 season, Banks hoped
to return to shortstop, but the College of Coaches had determined
that he would remain at first base indefinitely. In May 1962, Banks
was hit in the head by a fastball from former Cubs pitcher Moe
Drabowsky, and was taken off the field unconscious. He
sustained a concussion on Friday, was in the hospital for two
nights, sat out a Monday game, and hit three home runs and a
double on Tuesday.
In May 1963, Banks set a single-game record for putouts by a
first baseman (22). However, he caught the mumps that year
and finished the season with 18 home runs, 64 RBIs, and a .227
batting average. Despite Banks’ struggles that season, the Cubs
managed to have their first winning record since the 1940s.
Banks, following his doctor’s orders, skipped his usual off
season participation in handball and basketball, and began the
BSTM
1964 season weighing seven pounds more than the previous
year. In February, Cubs second baseman Ken Hubbs was killed
in a plane crash. Banks finished the season with 23 home runs,
95 RBI’s, and a .264 batting average. The Cubs finished in eighth
place, losing over $315,000. In 1965, Banks hit 28 home runs,
had 107 RBI’s, a .265 batting average, and played in the All-Star
Game. On September 2nd, he hit his 400th home run. The Cubs
had finished the season with a baseball operations deficit of
$1.2 million, though this was largely offset by television and
radio revenue, as well as the rental of Wrigley Field to the Chicago
Bears football team.
Leo Durocher was hired to be the Cubs manager in 1966. The
Cubs hoped that Durocher could inspire renewed interest in the
Chicago fan base. Banks hit only
15 home runs and the Cubs
finished the 1966 season in last
place with a 59-103 win-loss
record, the worst season of
Durocher’s career. From the time
that Durocher arrived in Chicago,
he was frustrated at his inability to
trade or bench the aging Banks.
In Durocher’s autobiography, the
manager recalled that “he was a
great player in his time.
Unfortunately, his time wasn’t my
time. Even more unfortunately,
there was not a thing I could do
about it. He couldn’t run, he
couldn’t field; toward the end, he
couldn’t even hit. There are some
players who instinctively do the
right thing on the base paths. Ernie
had an unfailing instinct for doing
the wrong thing. But I had to play
him. Had to play the man or there
would have been a revolution in
the street.” Banks, on the other
hand, said of Durocher, “I wish
there had been someone around
like him early in my career... He’s
made me go for that little extra
needed to win.” Durocher served
as Cubs manager until midway
through 1972, the season after
Banks retired.
In Mr. Cub, a memoir published
around the time that Banks retired, the slugger said that too
much had been made of the racial implications in his relationship
with Durocher, and he summarized his thoughts on race
relations:
My philosophy about race relations is that I’m the man and I’ll set
my own patterns in life. I don’t rely on anyone else’s opinions. I
look at a man as a human being; I don’t care about his color.
Some people feel that because you are Black you will never be
treated fairly, and that you should voice your opinions, be militant
about them. I don’t feel this way. You can’t convince a fool against
his will... If a man doesn’t like me because I’m Black, that’s fine.
I’ll just go elsewhere, but I’m not going to let him change my life.
The Cubs named Banks a player-coach for the 1967 season.
He competed with John Boccabella for a starting position at first
base. Shortly thereafter, Durocher named Banks the outright
starter at first base. Banks went to the All-Star Game, hit 23
home runs, and drove in 95 runs that year. After the 1967 season,
February 2015
7
an article in Ebony pointed out that Banks had not been thought
to make more than $65,000 (equal to $459,736 today) in any
season. Banks had received a pay increase from $33,000 to
$50,000 between his MVP seasons in 1958 and 1959, but Ebony
reported that several MLB players were making $100,000 at the
time.
Banks won the Lou Gehrig Memorial
Award in 1968, an honor recognizing
playing ability and personal
character. The 37-year-old Banks hit
32 home runs, had 83 RBI’s, and
finished that season with a .246
batting average. In 1969, he came the
closest to helping the Cubs win the
National League pennant. The Cubs
fell out of first place after holding an
8 game lead in August. Banks made
his eleventh and final All-Star Game
appearance that season. Banks hit
his 500th home run on May 12, 1970,
at Chicago’s Wrigley Field. On
December 1, 1971, Banks retired as
a player but continued to coach for
the Cubs until 1973. He was an
instructor in the minor leagues for the
next three seasons, and also worked
in the Cubs front office.
proud possession.
Banks was voted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in
1977, his first year of eligibility. He received votes on 321 of the
383 ballots. Though several players were selected through the
Veterans Committee and the Committee on Negro Baseball
Leagues that year, Banks was the only player elected by the
Baseball Writers’ Association of
America. He was inducted on August
8th of that year. During his induction
speech, he said, “We’ve got the
setting - sunshine, fresh air, the team
behind us. So let’s play two!”
The Cubs retired Banks’ uniform
number 14 in 1982. He was the first
player to have his number retired by
the team. No other numbers were
retired by the team for another five
years, when Billy Williams received
the honor. Through the 2013 season,
only six former Cubs have had their
numbers retired.
“Ernie” Banks’ Statute
Banks finished his career with 512
home runs, and his 277 home runs
as a shortstop were a career record
at the time of his retirement. (Cal
Ripken, Jr., now holds the record for
most home runs as a shortstop with 345.) Banks holds Cubs
records for games played (2,528), at-bats (9,421), extra-base
hits (1,009), and total bases (4,706). Banks excelled as an
infielder as well. He won a National League Gold Glove Award
for shortstop in 1960. He led the NL in putouts five times, and
was the NL leader in fielding percentage as shortstop three
times and once as first baseman.
He holds the major league record for most games played without
a postseason appearance (2,528). In his memoir, citing his
fondness for the Cubs and owner Philip K. Wrigley, he said that
he did not regret signing with the Cubs rather than one of the
more successful baseball franchises. Banks’s popularity and
positive attitude led to the nicknames “Mr. Cub.” Banks was known
for his catchphrase, “It’s a beautiful day for a ballgame... Let’s
play two,” expressing his wish to play a doubleheader every day
out of his pure love for the game of baseball.
Banks ran for alderman in Chicago in 1962. He lost the election
and later said, “People knew me only as a baseball player. They
didn’t think I qualified as a government official and no matter
what I did I couldn’t change my image... What I learned, was that
it was going to be hard for me to disengage myself from my
baseball life, and I would have to compensate for it after my
playing days were over.”
Banks and Bob Nelson became the first Black owners of a U.S.
Ford Motor Company dealership in 1967. Nelson had been the
first non-White commissioned officer in the United States Army
Air Forces during World War II. He operated an import car
dealership before their venture.
Banks was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Chicago
Transit Authority in 1969. On a trip to Europe, Banks was able to
visit the Pope, who presented him with a medal that became a
BSTM
When the 1984 Cubs won the NL East
Division, the club named Banks an
honorary team member. At the 1990
Major League Baseball All-Star Game,
the first one held at Wrigley Field
since Banks’ playing days, he threw
out the ceremonial first pitch to
starting catcher Mike Scioscia. He
was named to the Major League
Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. In the same year, the Society
for American Baseball Research listed him 27th on a list of the
100 greatest baseball players.
Banks established a charity, the Live Above & Beyond Foundation,
which assists youth and the elderly with self-esteem, healthcare
and other opportunities. In 2008, Banks released a charity wine
called Ernie Banks 512 Chardonnay. All of its proceeds are
donated to his foundation.
On March 31, 2008, a statue of Banks (“Mr. Cub”) was unveiled in
front of Wrigley Field. That same year, Eddie Vedder released
the song “All The Way.” Banks had asked Vedder to write a song
about the Cubs as a birthday gift.
In 2009, Banks was named a Library of Congress Living Legend,
a designation that recognizes those “who have made significant
contributions to America’s diverse cultural, scientific and social
heritage.” On August 8, 2013, he was announced as a recipient
of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He was honored with 15
other people, including Bill Clinton and Oprah Winfrey. He said
that he presented President Obama with a bat that belonged to
Jackie Robinson.
Banks died after a long illness on the night of January 23, 2015
in Chicago, only 8 days before his 84th birthday. Reactions and
tributes were widespread. Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said
in a statement: “Ernie Banks was more than a baseball player.
He was one of Chicago’s greatest ambassadors. He loved this
city as much as he loved — and lived for — the game of baseball.
“President Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle, called Banks
“an incredible ambassador for baseball and for the city of
Chicago.” President Obama hailed his “cheer and his optimism
and his eternal faith that someday the Cubs would go all the
way.”
February 2015
9
List of Historically Black
Colleges and Universities
This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were
established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community.
Alabama
Alabama A&M University
Alabama State University
Bishop State Community College
Concordia College, Selma
Gadsden State Community College
J. F. Drake State Technical College
Lawson State Community College
Miles College
Oakwood University
Selma University
Shelton State Community College
Stillman College
Talladega College
Trenholm State Technical College
Tuskegee University
Arkansas
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
Arkansas Baptist College
Philander Smith College
Shorter College
Delaware
Delaware State University
District of Columbia
University of the District of Columbia
Howard University
Florida
Bethune-Cookman University
Edward Waters College
Florida A&M University
Florida Memorial University
Georgia
Albany State University
Clark Atlanta University
Fort Valley State University
Interdenominational Theological Center
Morehouse College
Morehouse School of Medicine
Morris Brown College
Paine College
Savannah State University
Spelman College
Kentucky
Kentucky State University
Louisiana
Dillard University
Grambling State University
Southern University at New Orleans
Southern University at Shreveport
Southern University and A&M College
Xavier University of Louisiana
Maryland
Bowie State University
Coppin State University
10
Huntsville
Montgomery
Mobile
Selma
Gadsden
Huntsville
Bessemer
Fairfield
Huntsville
Selma
Tuscaloosa
Tuscaloosa
Talladega County
Montgomery
Tuskegee
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
Alabama
1875
1867
1927
1922
1925
1961
1949
1905
1896
1878
1952
1876
1867
1947
1881
Public
Public
Public
Private
Public
Public
Public
Private
Private
Private
Public
Private
Private
Public
Private
Pine Bluff
Little Rock
Little Rock
Little Rock
Arkansas
Arkansas
Arkansas
Arkansas
1873
1884
1877
1886
Public
Private
Private
Private
Dover
Delaware
1891
Public
Washington
Washington
District of Columbia 1851
District of Columbia 1867
Public
Private
Daytona Beach
Jacksonville
Tallahassee
Miami Gardens
Florida
Florida
Florida
Florida
1904
1866
1887
1879
Private
Private
Public
Private
Albany
Atlanta
Fort Valley
Atlanta
Atlanta
Atlanta
Atlanta
Augusta
Savannah
Atlanta
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
1903
1865
1895
1958
1867
1975
1881
1882
1890
1881
Public
Private
Public
Private
Private
Private
Private
Private
Public
Private
Frankfort
Kentucky
1886
Public
New Orleans
Grambling
New Orleans
Shreveport
Baton Rouge
New Orleans
Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana
1869
1901
1959
1967
1881
1915
Private
Public
Public
Public
Public
Private
Bowie
Baltimore
Maryland
Maryland
1865
1900
Public
Public
BSTM
February 2015
List of Historically Black
Colleges and Universities
This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were
established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community.
University of Maryland Eastern Shore
Morgan State University
Michigan
Lewis College of Business
Mississippi
Alcorn State University
Coahoma Community College
Hinds Community College at Utica
Jackson State University
Mississippi Valley State University
Rust College
Tougaloo College
Missouri
Harris-Stowe State University
Lincoln University of Missouri
New York
Medgar Evers College
North Carolina
Barber-Scotia College
Bennett College
Elizabeth City State University
Fayetteville State University
Johnson C. Smith University
Livingstone College
North Carolina A&T State University
North Carolina Central University
Shaw University
St. Augustine’s University
Winston-Salem State University
Ohio
Central State University
Wilberforce University
Oklahoma
Langston University
Pennsylvania
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
Lincoln University
South Carolina
Allen University
Benedict College
Claflin University
Clinton Junior College
Denmark Technical College
Morris College
South Carolina State University
Voorhees College
Tennessee
American Baptist College
Fisk University
Knoxville College
Lane College
LeMoyne-Owen College
Meharry Medical College
Tennessee State University
Princess Anne
Baltimore
Maryland
Maryland
1886
1867
Public
Public
Detroit
Michigan
1928
Private
Lorman
Coahoma County
Utica
Jackson
Itta Bena
Holly Springs
Hinds County
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
1871
1924
1903
1877
1950
1866
1869
Public
Public
Public
Public
Public
Private
Private
St. Louis
Jefferson City
Missouri
Missouri
1857
1866
Public
Public
Brooklyn
New York
1970
City University
Concord
Greensboro
Elizabeth City
Fayetteville
Charlotte
Salisbury
Greensboro
Durham
Raleigh
Raleigh
Winston-Salem
North
North
North
North
North
North
North
North
North
North
North
1867
1873
1891
1867
1867
1879
1891
1910
1865
1867
1892
Private
Private
Public
Public
Private
Private
Public
Public
Private
Private
Public
Wilberforce
Wilberforce
Ohio
Ohio
1887
1856
Public
Private
Langston
Oklahoma
1897
Public
Cheyney
Chester County
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
1837
1854
Public
Public
Columbia
Columbia
Orangeburg
Rock Hill
Denmark
Sumter
Orangeburg
Denmark
South
South
South
South
South
South
South
South
1870
1870
1869
1894
1947
1908
1896
1897
Private
Private
Private
Private
Public
Private
Public
Private
Nashville
Nashville
Mechanicsville
Jackson
Memphis
Nashville
Nashville
Tennessee
Tennessee
Tennessee
Tennessee
Tennessee
Tennessee
Tennessee
1924
1866
1875
1882
1862
1876
1912
Private
Private
Private
Private
Private
Private
Public
BSTM
February 2015
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
Carolina
11
List of Historically Black
Colleges and Universities
This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were
established before 1964 with the intention of serving the Black community.
Texas
Huston-Tillotson University
Jarvis Christian College
Paul Quinn College
Prairie View A&M University
Southwestern Christian College
St. Philip’s College
Texas College
Texas Southern University
Wiley College
U.S. Virgin Islands
University of the Virgin Islands
Virginia
Hampton University
Norfolk State University
Virginia State University
Virginia Union University
Virginia University of Lynchburg
West Virginia
Bluefield State College
West Virginia State University
Austin
Hawkins
Dallas
Prairie View
Terrell
San Antonio
Tyler
Houston
Marshall
1881
1912
1872
1876
1948
1898
1894
1927
1873
Private
Private
Private
Public
Private
Public
Private
Public
Private
St. Croix & St. Thomas U.S. Virgin Islands
1962
Public
Hampton
Norfolk
Petersburg
Richmond
Lynchburg
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
1868
1935
1882
1864
1886
Private
Public
Public
Private
Private
Bluefield
Institute
West Virginia
West Virginia
1895
1891
Public
Public
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Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
13
Sweet Thunder:
Sugar Ray Robinson
A Book Review
By Leland Stein III
Wil Haygood’s new biography of Sugar Ray Robinson, “Sweet
Thunder: The Life and Times of Sugar Ray Robinson,” is a prose
that tries mightily to weave in the era Robinson lived and plied
his fisticuffs, while integrating the historical and social times of
the day — which were negative for most African-Americans
throughout the United States.
Born in Detroit’s Black Bottom in 1921, as Walter Smith Jr., his
mother and two sisters, after a year of waiting for their father to
gain employment, left rural Georgia in search of a better life.
Haygood reflects on how the Great Migration North indeed gave
better earning power to many of the sharecroppers from the
Southern plantations. However, the newly crowded urban areas’
lack of education among its populace and the mesmerizing allure
of the so-called good life proved toxic.
The book chronicles how Robinson’s mother despised and
loathed the “Big City” and its vices. Worried, she paid the twentyfive cents per month to enroll him at the Brewster Recreation
Center. It was the foundation that stayed with him after his mother
fled a father in 1932, that had been sucked into the “Big City” life.
Haygood recalls how the Brewster Center got the precocious
young Smith (Robinson) off of Hastings’ Street and into an
environment where he could swim, paint, play checkers and
basketball. But most importantly, he met Joe Louis, who was
just starting to make a name for himself, as he won Amateur
Athletic Union (AAU) boxing titles and his trophies were
prominently displayed in the Brewster trophy case.
Brewster was the first place that Robinson put on those boxing
gloves that would later in life make him an international figure.
Ironically, as his mother fled his father and Detroit’s Black Bottom,
she went to a place that had even more social ills - Harlem.
While a young teen in Harlem, Robinson and his family lived in
even greater squalor and unpleasantness. And, with
hopelessness comes futility and pointlessness, which leads to
the streets.
Robinson first started to dance in the streets for money, then he
graduated to the hoodlum level of Harlem and for him school
became useless. However, he found a divine intervention and a
remembrance that brought him back to what he saw at the
Brewster Center with Louis.
The bottom line was a poor uneducated man could uplift his
position in life if he could command the ring.
Ironically, it was at a church, Salem Methodist Episcopal, Haygood
wrote, that stepped out the box and implemented a boxing team
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run by trainer George Gainford. He and Robinson would have a
quarter of a century long union.
In the 1940’s and 1950’s America, there were not many
opportunities for African-Americans in sports. Other than a few
track Olympians like Jesse Owens and others, as well as, the
Negro Leagues Baseball stars, boxing was the major vehicle
for poor, hungry and downtrodden individuals to join in the chase
for the American Dream.
Robinson retired from boxing in 1965 with an amazing record of
175-19-6, with 110 knockouts in 200 professional bouts. Almost
all of his defeats came at the end of his career, when he was
doing like his friend Louis, fighting past his prime to pay contrived
tax debits.
He held welterweight and middleweight titles and defeated other
Hall of Fame fighters such as Jake LaMotta, Carmen Basilio,
Gene Fullmer, Carl ‘Bobo’ Olson, Henry Armstrong, Rocky
Graziano and Kid Gavilan during his 26-year run at boxing glory.
Robinson fought LaMotta at the Olympic Arena on Grand River
before the largest audience ever at the facility. He also fought
before almost 40,000 at the Polo Grounds in New York against
Joey Maxim.
However, the magic that Haygood weaves in the narrative is the
inclusion of Robinson and his intersection with the sepia
intellectuals and entertainers of his era.
Robinson was one of the first African-American athletes to bring
depth, style, swagger, showmanship and entrepreneurship to
the Black athlete’s total life.
He drove a flamingo-colored Cadillac, owned a restaurant club,
a ladies shop for his wife, a barber shop and Sugar Ray
Enterprises offices. On any given weekend or day one could find
Billy Eckstine or Duke Ellington sitting in a barber’s chair or in
the nightclub Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Langston Hughes,
Frank Sinatra, Miles Davis, Lena Horne, Jackie Gleason, Charlie
Parker and Louis, just to name a few.
With Hughes, Davis, Louis and Horne as major recurring
characters in the narrative, others flow through during Robinson’s
travel, adventures and fights. Eartha Kitt, Dorothy Dandridge,
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., Hazel Scott, Walter Winchell, Dizzy
Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr., Nat King Cole, Josephine Baker,
Gordon Parks, and kings and queens of Europe.
Robinson, Haygood wrote, fancied himself as an entertainer
and liken the mysteries of the ring to those of the jazz world.
In fact, he relinquished his title in 1952, to pursue a dancing and
February 2015
Sugar Ray Robinson
show business career. He traveled all over Europe and throughout
the United States singing and dancing. However, the well ran
dry, and he returned to the ring to win yet another title in 1955.
The book recounts Robinson’s 1943 induction into the Army,
where he served with Louis and the pair went on tours, where
they performed exhibition bouts in front of U.S. troops. Robinson
and Louis got into trouble several times while in the military.
They argued with superiors who they felt were discriminatory
against them, and refused to fight exhibitions when they were
told African-American soldiers were not allowed to watch them.
Robinson lasted only 15 months before military authorities
claimed he suffered from a mental deficiency, whereby he was
granted a honorable discharge.
The narrative also shows by 1946, Robinson had fought 75 fights
to a 73–1–1 record, and had beaten every top contender in the
welterweight division. However, because of racism and the mafia,
he was denied opportunities to fight for the title.
By all accounts, Robinson stayed away from the politics of life.
He chose to find inclusion and live his life by example. That is
why I think Haygood’s narrative ignores the Bumpy Johnsons of
Harlem, the intense poverty of the time and the violent Harlem
riots in the 1940’s.
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Although he did write: “But there existed two Harlems. In one
Harlem, there were poetry readings and social teas; there were
gatherings that featured notable speakers who talked about
national affairs and the doings they were privy to in the Roosevelt
White House.” The Smiths lived in the other Harlem, “a rough
place, a lower-class enclave of broken families, of flophouses
and boardinghouses, of racketeers and gangsters, of big crime
and petty crime, of handouts and hand-me-down clothing, of
little boys often scampering about like lambs being hunted.”
Instead, he focuses only on Robinson’s ascension, cool style,
the sepia intellectuals of the era and the jazz.
Sugar Ray took the name Ray Robinson as a young amateur
because he did not have an AAU fight card, so Walter Smith
used another Robinson’s fight card, and he never looked back.
Robinson died at 67 from Alzheimer’s disease. But, he will always
be remembered for bringing style to a brutal sport. He has been
inducted in too many Hall of Fames to recount. The ill-fated
artist, Jean-Michel Basquiat, painted a homage to him in 1982.
He was also featured on a 2006 United States postage stamp,
which reportedly had a circulation of over 100 million.
All in all, “Sweet Thunder” rocks for me in spite of some obvious
omissions. Leland Stein can be reached at lelstein3@aol.com.
February 2015
15
Pelé
“The King of Football” (O Rei do Futebol),
“The King Pelé” (O Rei Pelé) or “The King” (O Rei)
Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known by his nickname Pelé, is
a retired Brazilian footballer (soccer player). He is widely regarded
as one of the best football players of all time. In 1999, he was
voted Football Player of the Century by the International
Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS). In the same
year French weekly magazine France-Football consulted their
former “Ballon D’Or” winners to elect the Football Player of the
Century. Pelé came in first position. In 1999, the International
Olympic Committee named Pelé the “Athlete of the Century.” In
his career, he scored 760 official goals, 541 in league
championships, making him the top scorer of all time. In total,
Pelé scored 1,281 goals in 1,363 games.
In his native Brazil, Pelé is hailed as a national hero. He is
known for his accomplishments and contributions to the game
of football. He is also acknowledged for his vocal support of
policies to improve the social conditions of the poor (when he
scored his 1,000th goal he dedicated it to the poor children of
Brazil). During his career, he became known as “The King of
Football” (O Rei do Futebol), “The King Pelé” (O Rei Pelé) or
simply “The King” (O Rei).
Spotted by football star Waldemar de Brito, Pelé began playing
for Santos at 15 and his national team at 16, and won his first
World Cup at 17. Despite numerous offers from European clubs
and the economic conditions in Brazili, Brazilian football
regulations at the time benefited Santos, thus enabling them to
keep Pelé for almost two decades until 1974. With Pelé within
their ranks, Santos reached their zenith by winning the 1962 and
1963 Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club competition
in South American football. Pelé played most of his career as a
center forward. His technique and natural athleticism have been
universally praised and during his playing years he was
renowned for his excellent dribbling and passing, his pace,
powerful shot, exceptional heading ability and prolific goal
scoring.
He is the all-time leading scorer of the Brazil National Football
Team, and is the only footballer to be a part of three World Cupwinning squads. In 1962, his second World Cup victory, he was
on the Brazilian squad at the start of the World Cup, but because
of an injury suffered in the second match, he was not able to play
the remainder of the tournament. In November 2007, FIFA
announced that he would be awarded the 1962 medal
retroactively, making him the only player in the world to have
three World Cup winning medals.
Since his retirement in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide
ambassador for football and has undertaken various acting roles
and commercial ventures. He is currently the Honorary President
of the New York Cosmos.
Pelé was born 21 October 21, 1940, in Três Corações, Minas
Gerais, Brazil, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho (born
João Ramos do Nascimento) and Dona Celeste Arantes. He
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was the oldest of two siblings. He was originally nicknamed
Dico by his family. He did not receive the nickname “Pelé” until
his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of
his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco
da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke, but the more he
complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated
he had no idea what the name means, nor did his old friends.
Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of
Bilé, and that it is Hebrew for “miracle,” the word has no known
meaning in Portuguese.
Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru, São Paulo. He earned extra
money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by
his coach, he could not afford a proper soccer ball and usually
played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper, tied with a
string or a grapefruit. In 1954, aged fourteen, he joined Bauru
Athletic Club juniors in Bauru, São Paulo.
Pele’s Club Career: 1956 to 1972
In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city
in the state of São Paulo, to try out for the professional club
Santos Futebol Clube, telling the directors at Santos that the 15year-old would be “the greatest football player in the world.”
Aged 16, Pelé made his debut for Santos on September 7, 1956,
scoring one goal in a 7–1 friendly victory over Corinthians. When
the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place on the
first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the
league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager
was called up to the Brazil National Team. After the World Cup in
1962, wealthy European clubs such as Real Madrid, Juventus
and Manchester United tried to sign the young player, but the
government of Brazil declared Pelé an “official national treasure”
to prevent him from being transferred out of the country.
Pelé won his first major title with Santos in 1958, as the team
won the Campeonato Paulista. Pelé would finish the tournament
as top scorer with 58 goals, a record that stands today. A year
later, he would help the team earn their first victory in the Torneio
Rio-São Paulo with a 3–0 over Vasco da Gama. However, Santos
was unable to retain the Paulista title. In 1960, Pelé scored 33
goals to help his team regain the Campeonato Paulista trophy,
but lost out on the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after finishing in
8th place. Another 47 goals from Pelé saw Santos retain the
Campeonato Paulista. The club went on to win the Taça Brasil
that same year, crushing Bahia in the finals. Pelé finished as top
scorer of the tournament with 9 goals. The victory allowed Santos
to participate in the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious
club tournament in the Western hemisphere.
Santos’ most successful club season started in 1962. The team
was seeded in Group 1, alongside Cerro Porteño and Deportivo
Municipal, winning every match of their group but one, with Pelé
scoring his first goal in a brace against Cerro. Santos defeated
February 2015
Pele Retiring from Cosmos in 1977
Pelé dribbling past a defender during Malmö (0) vs Brazil (7). Pelé scored 2 goals at Malmö City Stadium.
Universidad Católica in the semi-finals and met defending
champions Peñarol in the finals in which Pelé scored another
brace in the playoff match to secure the first title for a Brazilian
club. Pelé finished as the second best scorer of the competition
with 4 goals. That same year, Santos would defend, with success,
the Campeonato Brasiliero (with 37 goals from Pelé), the Taça
Brasil (Pelé scoring four goals in the final series against
Botafogo), and win the 1962 Intercontinental Cup against Benfica.
Wearing his iconic number 10 shirt, Pelé produced one of his
best ever performances and scored a hat-trick in Lisbon, as
Santos beat the European champions 5–2.
As the defending champions, Santos qualified automatically to
the semi-final stage of the 1963 Copa Libertadores. The Ballet
Blanco managed to retain the title in spectacular fashion after
impressive victories over Botafogo and Boca Juniors. Pelé helped
Santos overcome a Botafogo team that contained legends such
as Garrincha and Jairzinho with an agonizing last-minute goal
in the first leg of the semi-finals and bring the match to 1–1. In
the second leg, Pelé produced one of his best performances as
a footballer with a hat-trick in the Estádio do Maracanã, as Santos
crushed Botafogo 4–0 in the second leg. Appearing in their
second consecutive final, Santos started the series by winning
3–2 in the first leg and defeated the Boca Juniors of José
Sanfilippo and Antonio Rattín 2–1 in La Bombonera, with another
goal from Pelé, becoming the first Brazilian team to lift the Copa
Libertadores on Argentine soil. Pelé finished the tournament as
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the top scorer runner-up with 5 goals. Santos lost the
Campeonato Paulista after finishing in third place, but went on
to win the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after an impressive 3–0
win over Flamengo in the final, with Pelé providing one goal in
the match. Pelé would also help Santos retain the Intercontinental
Cup and the Taça Brasil.
Santos tried to defend their title again in 1964, but they were
thoroughly beaten in both legs of the semi-finals by
Independiente. Santos won again the Campeonato Paulista,
with Pelé netting 34 goals. The club also shared the Rio-São
Paulo Title with Botafogo, and won the Taça Brasil for the fourth
consecutive year. The Santistas would try to resurge in 1965 by
winning, for the 9th time, the Campeonato Paulista and the Taça
Brasil. In the 1965 Copa Libertadores, Santos started convincingly
by winning every match of their group in the first round. In the
semi-finals, Santos met Peñarol in a rematch of the 1962 final.
After two legendary matches, a playoff was needed to break the
tie. Unlike 1962, Peñarol came out on top and eliminated Santos
2–1. Pelé would, however, finish as the top scorer of the
tournament with eight goals. This proved to be the start of a
decline as Santos failed to retain the Torneio Rio-São Paulo.
In 1966, Pelé and Santos also failed to retain the Taça Brasil as
O Rei’s goals were not enough to prevent a 9–4 routing by
Cruzeiro in the final series. Although Santos won the
Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968 and 1969, Pelé became
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less and less a contributing factor to the Santistas now-limited
success. On November 19, 1969, Pelé scored his 1,000th goal
in all competitions. This was a highly anticipated moment in
Brazil. The goal, called popularly O Milésimo (The Thousandth),
occurred in a match against Vasco da Gama, when Pelé scored
from a penalty kick at the Maracanã Stadium.
Pelé states that his most beautiful goal was scored at Rua Javari
stadium in a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo
rival Juventus on August 2, 1959. As there is no video footage of
this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of
this specific goal. In March 1961, Pelé scored the gol de placa
(goal worthy of a plaque), against Fluminense at the Maracanã.
He received the ball on
the edge of his own
penalty area, and ran the
length of the field,
eluding
opposition
players, and fired the
ball
beyond
the
goalkeeper. The goal
was regarded as being
so spectacular that a
plaque
was
commissioned with a
dedication to the most
beautiful goal in the
history of the Maracanã.
Argentina on July 7, 1957, at the Maracanã. In that match, he
scored his first goal for Brazil at age 16 years and 9 months to
become the youngest player to score in International football.
His first match in the World Cup was against the USSR in the
first round of the 1958 FIFA World Cup, in the third game of the
Cup. He was the youngest player of that tournament and at the
time the youngest ever to play in the World Cup. He scored his
first World Cup goal against Wales in the quarter-finals, the only
goal of the match, to help Brazil advance to semi-finals, while
becoming the youngest ever World Cup goal scorer at 17 years
and 239 days. Against France in the semi-final, Brazil was leading
2–1 at halftime, and then Pelé scored a hat-trick, becoming the
youngest in World Cup
history to do so.
Pelé’s electrifying play
and
penchant
for
spectacular goals made
him a star around the
world. His team Santos
toured internationally in
order to take full
advantage
of
his
popularity. In 1967, the
two factions involved in
the Nigerian Civil War
agreed to a 48-hour
ceasefire so they could
watch Pelé play an
exhibition game in
Lagos. During his time
at Santos, Pelé played
alongside many gifted
players, including Zito,
Pepe, and Coutinho.
On June 19, 1958, Pelé
became the youngest
player to play in a World
Cup final match at 17
years and 249 days. He
scored two goals in the
final, as Brazil beat
Sweden 5–2. His first
goal, a lob over a
defender followed by a
precise volley shot, was
selected as one of the
best goals in the history
of the World Cup.
Following
Pelé’s
second goal, Swedish
player Sigvard Parling
would later comment;
“When Pelé scored the
fifth goal in that Final, I
have to be honest and
say
I
felt
like
applauding.”
In the first match of the
1962 World Cup, against
Mexico, Pelé assisted
the first goal and then
scored the second one,
after a run past four
defenders to go up 2–0.
He injured himself while
attempting a long-range
After the 1972 season
shot
against
(his 17th with Santos),
Czechoslovakia. This
Pelé
retired
from
would keep him out of
Pelé fighting for a ball against the Swedish goalkeeper Kalle
Brazilian club football
the
rest
of
the
Svensson during the 1958 World Cup final.
although he continued to
tournament, and forced
occasionally suit up for
Coach Aymoré Moreira
Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came to make his only lineup change of the tournament. The substitute
out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the was Amarildo, who performed well for the rest of the tournament.
North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season. However, it was Garrincha who would take the leading role and
Though well past his prime at this point, Pelé is credited with carry Brazil to their second World Cup Title.
significantly increasing public awareness and interest in soccer
in the United States. He led the Cosmos to the 1977 NASL The 1966 World Cup was marked, among other things, for the
championship, in his third and final season with the club.
brutal fouling on Pelé by the Bulgarian and Portuguese
defenders. By this stage, Pelé was the most famous footballer
Pele’s National Team career
in the world, and the expectation was that Brazil, at the very least,
would reach the final. Brazil was eliminated in the first round,
Pelé’s first international match was a 2–1 defeat against playing only three matches. Pelé scored the first goal from a free
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17
kick against Bulgaria, becoming the first player
to score in three successive FIFA World Cups,
but due to his injury, a result of persistent fouling
by the Bulgarians, he missed the second game
against Hungary. Brazil lost that game and Pelé,
although still recovering, was brought back for
the last crucial match against Portugal. In that
game, João Morais brutally fouled Pelé, but was
not sent off by referee George McCabe, of whom
it is acknowledged let “the Portuguese get away
with murder.” Pelé had to stay on the field limping
for the rest of the game, since substitutes were
not allowed at that time. After this game, he vowed
he would not play again in the World Cup, a
decision he would later change.
Pelé was called to the national team in early
1969. He refused at first, but then accepted and
played in six World Cup qualifying matches,
scoring six goals. The 1970 World Cup in Mexico,
was to be Pelé’s last. Brazil’s squad for the
Tournament featured major changes in relation
to the 1966 squad. Players like Garrincha, Nilton
Santos, Valdir Pereira, Djalma Santos and Gilmar
had already retired, but the team, with Pelé,
Rivelino, Jairzinho, Gérson, Carlos Alberto
Torres, Tostão and Clodoaldo, is often
considered to be the greatest football team in
history.
In the first match, against Czechoslovakia, Pelé
gave Brazil a 2–1 lead, by controlling a long pass
with his chest and then scoring. Brazil went on to
win the match, 4–1. In the first half of the match
against England, Pelé nearly scored with a
header that was spectacularly saved by
England’s goalie. In the second half, he assisted
Jairzinho for the only goal of the match. Against
Romania, Pelé opened the score on a direct free
kick goal, a strong strike with the outside of his
right foot. Later in the match he scored again to
make the score to 3–1. Brazil won by a final score
of 3–2. In the quarter-finals against Peru, Brazil
won 4–2, with Pelé assisting Tostão on for
Brazil’s third goal. In the semi-finals, Brazil faced
1969 Brazil stamp commemorating Pelé’s landmark 1000 goals.
Uruguay for the first time since the 1950 World
Cup final round match. Jairzinho put Brazil ahead 2–1, and Pelé
assisted Rivelino for the 3–1 lead. During that match, Pelé made Pelé’s last international match was on July 18, 1971, against
one of his most famous plays. Tostão gave Pelé a through ball, Yugoslavia in Rio de Janeiro.
and Uruguay’s goalkeeper Ladislao Mazurkiewicz took notice of
it. The keeper ran past his line to get the ball before Pelé, but With Pelé on the field, the Brazilian Team’s record was 67 wins,
Pelé got there first and fooled the keeper by not touching the ball, 14 draws and 11 losses.
causing it to roll to the keeper’s left, while Pelé went right. Pelé
went around the goalkeeper, and took a shot while turning Pele: South American Championship
towards the goal, but he turned in excess as he shot, and the
Pelé also played in the South American Championship. In the
ball drifted just wide of the far post.
1959 competition, he was top scorer with eight goals, as Brazil
Brazil played Italy in the final, with Pelé scored with a header came second in the Tournament.
over Italian defender Tarcisio Burgnich. He then made assists
on Jairzinho’s and Carlos Alberto’s goals, the latter one coming Greatest Complement by an Opposing Player
after an impressive collective play. Brazil won the match 4–1,
“Pelé is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for
keeping the Jules Rimet Trophy indefinitely. Pelé was named
“Player of the Tournament.” Burgnich, who marked Pelé during 20 years. All the others – Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, and
the final, was quoted saying “I told myself before the game, he’s Michel Platini – rank beneath him. There’s no one to compare
made of skin and bones just like everyone else — but I was with Pelé.” — West Germany’s 1974 FIFA World Cup-winning
captain Franz Beckenbauer.
wrong.”
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February 2015
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Woody Strode
Decathlete, Football Star &
Popular & Pioneering African-American Film Actor
Woodrow Wilson Woolwine “Woody” Strode
(pronounced strowd, as in crowd) was a
decathlete and football star who went on to
become a popular and pioneering AfricanAmerican film actor. He was nominated for a
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting
Actor for his role in Spartacus in 1960. He
served in the United States Army during
World War II.
where he was a member of Calgary’s 1948
Grey Cup Championship Team before
retiring due to injury in 1949.
In 1941, Strode had dabbled for several
months in professional wrestling. Following
the end of his football career in 1949, he
returned to wrestling part-time between
acting jobs until 1962, wrestling the likes of
Gorgeous George.
Strode was born July 25, 1914, in Los
Angeles, California. He attended Garfield
Senior High School in East Los Angeles and
college at the University of California at Los
Angeles (UCLA), where he was a member
of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.
His world-class decathlon capabilities were
spearheaded by a 50 feet plus shot put
(when the World Record was 57 feet and a
6 feet 4 inches high jump (the World Record
at that time was 6 feet 10 inches). Strode
posed for a nude portrait, part of Hubert Stowitts’s acclaimed
exhibition of athletic portraits shown at the 1936 Berlin Olympics
(although the inclusion of Black and Jewish athletes caused the
Nazis to close the exhibit).
Strode, Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson starred on the
1939 UCLA Bruins football team, in which
they made up three of the four backfield
players. Along with Ray Bartlett, there were
four African-Americans playing for the Bruins,
when only a few dozen at all played on other
college football teams. They played
eventual Conference and National
Champion University of Southern California
(USC) to a 0–0 tie with the 1940 Rose Bowl
on the line. It was the first UCLA–USC rivalry
football game with National implications.
Strode and fellow UCLA alumnus Kenny
Washington were two of the first AfricanAmericans to play in major college
programs and later the modern National
Football League, playing for the Los Angeles
Rams in 1946. No Black men had played in
the NFL from 1933 to 1946. UCLA teammate
Jackie Robinson would go on to break the
color barrier in Major League baseball (in
fact, all three had played in the semiprofessional Pacific Coast Professional
Football League earlier in the decade).
Strode played for two seasons with the
Calgary Stampeders of the Western
Interprovincial Football Union in Canada,
22
In 1952, he wrestled almost every week from
August 12, 1952 to
December 10, 1952 in different cities in
California. He was billed as the Pacific Coast
Heavyweight Wresting Champion and the
Pacific Coast Negro Heavyweight Wresting
Champion in 1962. He later teamed up with
both Bobo Brazil and Bearcat Wright.
As an actor, the 6 foot 4 inches Strode was
noted for film roles that contrasted with the
stereotypes of the time. He is probably best remembered for his
brief Golden Globe-nominated role in Spartacus (1960) as the
Ethiopian gladiator Draba in which he fights Kirk Douglas to the
death.
Strode made his screen debut in 1941 in Sundown, but became
more active in the 1950s, eventually in roles
of increasing depth. He played an African
warrior in The Lion Hunters in Monogram’s
Bomba the Jungle Boy series in 1951.
Also, he appeared in several episodes of
the 1952–1954 television series “Ramar
of the Jungle”, where he portrayed an African
warrior. He played dual roles (billed as
“Woodrow Strode”) in The Ten
Commandments (1956) as an Ethiopian
king as well as a slave, and in 1959
portrayed the cowardly Private Franklin in
Pork Chop Hill. He appeared once on
Johnny
Weismuller’s
1955–1956
syndicated television series Jungle Jim.
He became a close friend of director John
Ford, who gave him the title role in
Sergeant Rutledge (1960) as a member of
the Ninth Cavalry falsely accused of rape
and murder. He appeared in smaller roles
in Ford’s later films Two Rode Together
(1961), The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance
(1962) and Seven Women (1966). Strode
was very close to the director. During Ford’s
declining years, Strode once spent four
months sleeping on the director’s floor as
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February 2015
his caretaker, and he was later present at Ford’s death.
Strode played memorable villains opposite three screen Tarzans.
In 1958, he appeared as Ramo opposite Gordon Scott in Tarzan’s
Fight for Life. In 1963, he was cast opposite Jock Mahoney’s
Tarzan as both the dying leader of an unnamed Asian country
and that leader’s unsavory brother, Khan, in Tarzan’s Three
Challenges. In the late 1960s, he appeared in several episodes
of the Ron Ely Tarzan television series.
His other television work included a role as the Grand Mogul in
the Batman episodes “Marsha, Queen of Diamonds” and
“Marsha’s Scheme of Diamonds,” appearing also in the third
season of the Daniel Boone television series as the slave/
wrestler Goliath in the episode of the same name.
Strode played a heroic sailor on a sinking ship in the 1960 film
The Last Voyage. In 1966, he landed a major starring role in The
Professionals, a major box-office success that established him
as a recognizable star. Another notable part was as a gunslinger
in the opening sequence of Sergio Leone’s Once Upon a Time
in the West (1968). After this, he appeared in several other
spaghetti Westerns of lesser quality. His starring role as a thinlydisguised Patrice Lumumba in Seduto alla sua destra (released
in the U.S. as Black Jesus) garnered Strode a great deal of press
at the time, but the film is largely forgotten now. He remained a
visible character actor throughout the 1970s and 1980s in such
films as Scream (1981), and has become widely regarded (along
with Sidney Poitier and Brock Peters) as one of the most important
Black film actors of his time. His last film was The Quick and the
Dead (1995).
Strode was the son of a Creek-Blackfoot-Black father and a BlackCherokee mother. His first wife was Princess Luukialuana
Kalaeloa (a.k.a. Luana Strode), a descendant of Liliuokalani, the
last queen of Hawaii. They were married until her death in 1980.
In 1982, he wed Tina Tompson, and they remained married until
his death. Strode was a dedicated martial artist under the
direction of Frank Landers in the art of SeishinDo Kenpo.
Strode died of lung cancer on December 31, 1994, in Glendora,
California, aged 80. He is buried at Riverside National Cemetery
in Riverside, California.
Woody Strode’s Bio
Born
Woodrow Wilson Woolwine Strode
July 25, 1914
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Died
December 31, 1994
Glendora, California, U.S.
Resting place
Riverside National Cemetery
Occupation
Sportsman
Actor
Years active
1941–1994
Spouse(s)
Princess Luukialuana “Luana” Kalaeloa
(1941–1980; her death)
Tina Tompson (1982–1994; his death)
Athletic career information
Position(s):
Offensive End
Organizations
As player:
1946
Los Angeles Rams
1948–49
Calgary Stampeders
Career highlights and awards
CFL All-Star:
1948, 1949
Honors:
1948
Grey Cup Champion
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February 2015
23
Lewis Hamilton
[2014 Formula One Season]
Wins the 2014 World Drivers’ Championship
The 2014 Formula One season was the 65th season of the
Formula One World Championship, a motor racing
championship for Formula One cars, which is recognized by the
sport’s governing body, the Federation Internationale de
l’Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for openwheel racing cars. The season started in Australia on March
16th and concluded in Abu Dhabi on November 23rd. In the
nineteen Grands Prix of the season, a total of eleven teams and
twenty-four drivers competed for the World Drivers’ and World
Constructors’ Championships.
In 2014, the Championship saw the introduction of a revised
engine formula, in which the 2.4 liter V8 engine configuration—
previously used between 2006 and 2013—has been replaced
with a new formula specifying a 1.6 liter turbocharged V6 engine
that incorporates an energy recovery system into its build.
The 2014 Calendar featured substantial revisions from the 2013
season; the Russian Grand Prix was held for the first time in a
century at the Sochi Autodrom in Sochi, and the Austrian Grand
Prix was revived, with the race held at the Red Bull Ring in
Spielberg. The Indian Grand Prix was put on hiatus, while the
Korean Grand Prix was removed from the schedule entirely.
Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton won the 2014 World Drivers’
Championship with 384 points and eleven victories, ahead of
his team-mate, Nico Rosberg who won the 2014 inaugural Pole
Trophy. Mercedes secured their first Constructors’ Championship
in Russia, building up an unassailable lead of 278 points over
Red Bull Racing.
2014 Season Calendar
The following nineteen Grand Prixes took place in 2014.
Rd
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Grand Prix
Australian Grand Prix
Malaysian Grand Prix
Bahrain Grand Prix
Chinese Grand Prix
Spanish Grand Prix
Monaco Grand Prix
Canadian Grand Prix
Austrian Grand Prix
British Grand Prix
German Grand Prix
Hungarian Grand Prix
Belgian Grand Prix
Italian Grand Prix
Singapore Grand Prix
Japanese Grand Prix
Russian Grand Prix
United States Grand Prix
Brazilian Grand Prix
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
Circuit
Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne
Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur
Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir
Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona
Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo
Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal
Red Bull Ring, Spielberg
Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone
Hockenheimring, Hockenheim
Hungaroring, Budapest
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot
Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza
Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore
Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka
Sochi Autodrom, Sochi
Circuit of the Americas, Austin
Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo
Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi
Date
March 16
March 30
April 6
April 20
May 11
May 25
June 8
June 22
July 6
July 20
July 27
August 24
September 7
September 21
October 5
October 12
November 2
November 9
November 23
Season Report
Mercedes won their first World Constructors’ Championship after
taking a 1–2 finish in Russia. Lewis Hamilton won his second
World Drivers’ Championship after a season-long battle with
team-mate Nico Rosberg. Rosberg won the Australian and
Monaco Grands Prix, and Hamilton the races in Malaysia,
Bahrain, China and Spain after retiring in Australia. Mercedes
team’s run of victories ended in Canada, where Rosberg and
Hamilton were simultaneously hit with a power unit failure that
put additional strain on their brakes. Hamilton was forced out of
the race and while Rosberg was able to continue, his
performance deteriorated, and he ultimately finished second.
Mercedes returned to the top of the podium in Austria, with
Rosberg leading Hamilton across the finish line for his third
24
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victory of the season. Hamilton reclaimed ground in the
championship standings in Britain, winning after Rosberg was
forced out with gearbox issues. Rosberg claimed the win in
Germany, while Hamilton recovered to third after an accident in
qualifying saw him start from twentieth place. Hamilton finished
third in Hungary after starting from pit lane, ahead of Rosberg.
Rosberg had to settle for second place in Belgium after contact
with Hamilton early in the race, which ultimately prompted
Mercedes to retire Hamilton’s car. Hamilton went on to claim his
sixth win of the season in Italy, ahead of Rosberg. Hamilton
reclaimed the championship lead with a win in Singapore, while
Rosberg was retired with a broken wiring loom. Hamilton claimed
the win in rain- and accident-shortened Japan, ahead of Rosberg.
February 2015
Hamilton won the inaugural race in Russia, once again ahead
of Rosberg. The result was enough for Mercedes to secure their
first World Constructors’ Championship. Hamilton took his first
fifth consecutive win in the United States, again ahead of Rosberg.
Rosberg took his fifth win of the season in Brazil, with Hamilton
finishing in second. Hamilton carried a seventeen-point
advantage into the title-deciding Abu Dhabi Grand Prix and went
on to win the
race
while
R o s b e r g
struggled with
e l e c t r i c a l
problems and
finished outside
the points. With
eleven
pole
positions to his
name, Rosberg
won
the
inaugural FIA
Pole Trophy.
Red Bull Racing
finished second
overall,
after
suffering
a
difficult start to
the
season
when Sebastian
Vettel retired and
Daniel Ricciardo
was disqualified
from
the
Australian Grand
Prix. Red Bull
appealed the
disqualification,
but the result
was upheld by
the International
Court of Appeal.
Vettel went on to
finish third in
Malaysia, while
R i c c i a r d o
retired, and both
drivers scored
points in Bahrain
and
China.
R i c c i a r d o
recorded his first
podium finish with a third place in Spain, while Vettel recovered
to fourth place after technical problems and a penalty for a
gearbox change saw him start the race from the fifteenth position.
Ricciardo finished in third place in Monaco, while Vettel retired
due to an issue with his power unit. Ricciardo took advantage of
Mercedes team’s difficulties in Canada to claim his maiden
Grand Prix victory—and Renault’s first with a turbocharged engine
since the 1986 Detroit Grand Prix—while Vettel finished third.
The team struggled in their home race in Austria, with Vettel
retiring early and Ricciardo finishing eighth. Ricciardo returned
to the podium in Britain, while Vettel finished fifth after a protracted
battle with Alonso. Vettel and Ricciardo were fourth and sixth
respectively in Germany. Ricciardo scored his second career
win in Hungary, while Vettel finished seventh. Ricciardo scored
his third career victory in Belgium, while Vettel took fifth. In Italy,
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Ricciardo took fifth place, ahead of Vettel. Both drivers recorded
podium finishes in Singapore. Vettel took the podium in third
place in Japan, ahead of Ricciardo. Ricciardo took seventh place
in Russia, ahead of Vettel. Ricciardo returned to the podium in
the United States, while Vettel finished in seventh after starting
from pit lane following a complete change of his power unit.
Vettel finished fifth in Brazil, while Ricciardo retired when his
front-left upright
suspension was
broken.
Both
drivers
were
thrown out of
qualifying in Abu
Dhabi after their
cars
failed
scrutineering,
and they started
from the pit lane.
Williams were
third,
having
started
the
season strongly
when
Valtteri
Bottas scored
more points in
the opening race
than the Williams
team did during
the
2013
season. Bottas
and team-mate
Felipe Massa
went on to record
points finishes in
Malaysia and
Bahrain.
The
team recorded
another minor
points finish in
China, before
Bottas showed
enough pace to
c h a l l e n g e
Ricciardo for a
podium position
early in the
Spanish Grand
Prix,
but
eventually settled
for fourth before
being overtaken by Vettel late in the race. Massa finished seventh
in Monaco, while Bottas retired. In Canada, Massa showed good
enough pace to challenge for the lead in the late stages of the
race until he collided with Sergio Pérez on the final lap. Massa
qualified on pole in Austria, his first since the 2008 Brazilian
Grand Prix, and he went on to finish in fourth, while Bottas scored
his first podium of his career, crossing the finish line in third
place. Bottas secured his first back-to-back podium finishes
scoring second place in Britain and soon after claimed his third
consecutive podium finish after finishing in second place in
Germany, while Massa retired on the opening lap in both Britain
and Germany. In Hungary, Massa and Bottas were fifth and eighth,
respectively. Bottas returned to the podium in Belgium, while
Massa was outside the points. Massa took his first podium since
the 2013 Spanish Grand Prix in Italy, ahead of Bottas. Massa
February 2015
25
took fifth place in Singapore, while Bottas narrowly got the points
finish, only to his tires completely loss of grip in late stages. In
Japan, Bottas and Massa are sixth and seventh, respectively.
Bottas took his fifth podium of his career with a third place in
Russia, while Massa finished outside the points. At the next
round in the United States, Massa and Bottas finished fourth
and fifth respectively. In Brazil, Massa took his second podium of
the season and his fifth podium on his home soil in third place,
while Bottas finished tenth. In the last race of the season in Abu
Dhabi, both drivers stepped on the podium with Massa finishing
second and Bottas third.
Jenson Button finish second and third in Australia. Both drivers
recorded point finishes in Malaysia, but were forced out of the
Bahrain Grand Prix with clutch issues, and failed to score points
in China and again in Spain. The team managed to recover in
Monaco, with Button finishing sixth and Magnussen tenth after
contact with Räikkönen. Button finished fourth in Canada after a
string of late-race retirements helped him move up in the order.
Magnussen used his recent knowledge of the circuit to finish
seventh in Austria, while Button’s attempt at a different strategy
failed, leaving him in eleventh. Button and Magnussen were fourth
and seventh respectively in Britain. Button finished eighth in
Lewis Hamilton
2013 Malaysia Grand Prix
Ferrari finished fourth, with Fernando Alonso and Kimi Räikkönen
scoring a mixed run of results throughout the season. Alonso
took his first podium of the season with his third place finish in
China, while Räikkönen had a string of relatively low-placed
results, best of which so far was fourth place in Belgium. Both
drivers recorded minor points in Canada and again in Austria.
Alonso had to be content in sixth place in Britain after a rainaffected qualifying saw him start from sixteenth place, while
Räikkönen crashed heavily on the opening lap, forcing the
temporary stoppage of the race. Alonso finished in fifth place in
Germany, while Räikkönen was outside the points. Alonso
managed to get the team’s best result with second place in
Hungary, while Räikkönen returned to the points in sixth place.
Räikkönen took fourth place in Belgium, while Alonso finished
eighth, but was promoted to seventh after Magnussen’s penalty.
In Italy, Alonso was retired with an ERS failure, while Räikkönen
finished in tenth, but was promoted to ninth after Magnussen’s
penalty. Alonso took fourth place in Singapore, while Räikkönen
took eighth. In Japan, neither Alonso nor Räikkönen took the
points finish, as Alonso retired when his power unit suddenly
lost its power due to an electrical problem, while Räikkönen
ended up in twelfth, bringing about an end to Ferrari’s run of
eighty-one consecutive points finishes—the longest run in
Formula One history. Alonso took sixth place in Russia, while
Räikkönen came home in ninth. Alonso repeated the result in
the United States, while Räikkönen finished outside the points.
In Brazil, Alonso finished sixth, ahead of Räikkönen.
McLaren secured fifth place. Following their first season without
a podium finish in 2013, the team saw Kevin Magnussen and
24
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Germany, ahead of Magnussen, who was involved in a first-lap
altercation with Massa. Button finished tenth in Hungary, while
Magnussen was outside the points. In Belgium, Magnussen
finished sixth ahead of Button, but was given a twenty-second
time penalty after the race, demoting him to twelfth. In Italy,
Magnussen and Button originally finished seventh and ninth
respectively, but Magnussen received another time penalty—
this time for five seconds—demoting him to tenth, while Button
was promoted to eighth. Magnussen took the final points in
Singapore, while Button was forced out when his engine shut
down. Button finished fifth in Japan, while Magnussen was
outside the points. The team took fourth and fifth place in Russia,
with Button finishing in front of Magnussen. Magnussen took
eighth the United States, while Button failed to score points.
Button finished fourth in Brazil, while Magnussen finished ninth.
Force India was classified sixth overall. In Bahrain, the team
scored their first podium finish since the 2009 Belgian Grand
Prix. Sergio Pérez, who finished third for the team in Bahrain,
was on target to score another podium in Canada, but was rearended by Felipe Massa late in the race and both retired. Pérez
briefly held the lead in Austria, but gradually fell back to sixth, and
recorded the fastest lap, whilst Nico Hülkenberg battled
Räikkönen for ninth. Hülkenberg finished eighth in Britain, while
Pérez was outside the points. Both drivers scored minor points
in Germany. Force India suffered their first double retirement of
the season in Hungary, as both drivers crashed out of the race.
Pérez finished ninth in Belgium, while Hülkenberg was outside
the points. Both drivers however were later promoted to eighth
and tenth respectively after Kevin Magnussen was issued a time
February 2015
penalty shortly after the race. Pérez originally finished eighth in
Italy, but was promoted to seventh after Magnussen’s penalty,
while Hülkenberg was outside the points. Hülkenberg finished
ninth in Singapore, while Pérez recovered to seventh place after
being forced to make an unscheduled pit stop following contact
with Adrian Sutil. Hülkenberg and Pérez were eighth and tenth
respectively in Japan. Pérez took the final points-scoring position
in Russia, while Hülkenberg was outside the points. The team
had another double retirement in United Srates, as Pérez collided
with both Räikkönen and Sutil, forcing both himself and Sutil into
retirement, while Hülkenberg ground to a halt later in the race
with mechanical issues. Hulkenberg finished eighth in Brazil,
while Perez finished outside the points.
Scuderia Toro Rosso was seventh overall, with Russian rookie
Daniil Kvyat becoming the youngest driver to score points in
Formula One, having finished ninth in Australia. Jean-Eric Vergne
finished eighth in Canada, while Kvyat retired with a mechanical
failure. Both drivers retired in Austria: Kvyat after suffering a rear
suspension failure, and Vergne with brake issues. In Britain,
Vergne finished ninth in Hungary, while Kvyat missed the points.
Kvyat finished ninth in Belgium, while Vergne was outside the
points. Vergne recorded the team’s best result of the season
with sixth place in Singapore. Vergne took ninth in Japan, while
Kvyat qualified a career-best fifth in Russia, but fell down the
order with fuel consumption problems. Vergne originally took
ninth in the United States, but was demoted to tenth after he
incurred a five-second penalty following a contact incident with
Grosjean. Kvyat finished outside the points after taking a tenplace grid penalty for an engine change. Both, Toro Rosso’s
drivers, finished outside the points in Brazil.
After missing the first test of pre-season, Lotus finished the
season in eighth position, with Romain Grosjean finishing eighth
in both Spain and Monaco, while Pastor Maldonado remained
scoreless until he picked up two points for ninth place in the
United States.
Marussia was classified ninth, owing to Jules Bianchi scoring
points in Monaco, as he finished the race in ninth place, but both
drivers collided on the opening lap of the Canadian Grand Prix,
bringing about an end to Max Chilton’s run of twenty-five
consecutive classified race finishes. Bianchi managed to score
the team’s best ever qualifying result with twelfth in Britain. He
was later critically injured in an accident in the closing stages of
the Japanese Grand Prix. The team later elected to sit out the
United States round altogether before the team closed down
ahead of the Brazilian Grand Prix.
Sauber and Caterham finished tenth and eleventh overall, with
both teams having failed to score a point in the 2014 season.
Sauber suffered a string of retirements for both drivers, while
struggling with a car that was too heavy. Sutil took the team’s
best result by qualifying ninth in the United States, but his
performance was short-lived, as he was collided from behind by
Sergio Pérez, and the team ultimately endured their first pointless
season in their twenty-two year history.
Caterham spent the early races trading places with Marussia,
but fell behind once Bianchi scored points for the Russian team
in Monaco, despite an eleventh-place finish for Marcus Ericsson
in the same race. In Belgium, Caterham opted to replace current
driver Kobayashi with three time Le Mans winner and current FIA
World Endurance Championship Champion André Lotterer.
However, after out-qualifying Ericsson, he was forced to retire
after a single lap when his power unit cut out. Team principal
Tony Fernandes sold the team in July, but the transaction was
never finalized, and the team was put into administration following
the Russian Grand Prix. As a result, Caterham was forced to
miss the United States and Brazilian Grand Prixes. They returned
in time for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, entering Kamui Kobayashi
alongside debutant Will Stevens. Kobayashi retired from the race,
while Stevens was the final classified driver in seventeenth place.
Results and Standings: Grand Prix
Rd
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Grand Prix
Australian Grand Prix
Malaysian Grand Prix
Bahrain Grand Prix
Chinese Grand Prix
Spanish Grand Prix
Monaco Grand Prix
Canadian Grand Prix
Austrian Grand Prix
British Grand Prix
German Grand Prix
Hungarian Grand Prix
Belgian Grand Prix
Italian Grand Prix
Singapore Grand Prix
Japanese Grand Prix
Russian Grand Prix
U. S. Grand Prix
Brazilian Grand Prix
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
Driver
Nico Rosberg
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Nico Rosberg
Daniel Ricciardo
Nico Rosberg
Lewis Hamilton
Nico Rosberg
Daniel Ricciardo
Daniel Ricciardo
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
Nico Rosberg
Lewis Hamilton
Constructor
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Red Bull-Renault
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Red Bull-Renault
Red Bull-Renault
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Mercedes
Lewis Hamilton: 2014 Chinese Grand Prix
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February 2015
25
Vacation in Aruba!
OUR BEACHES
TripAdvisor.com recently named Eagle Beach one of the top ten beaches in the world.
THE SUNSHINE
Aruba has the most of sunny days of any island in the
Caribbean making for the perfect Beach Vacation.
THE WEATHER
Located below the hurricane belt in the southern Caribbean,
Aruba has 82-degree days year round, refreshing trade winds
and low humidity contributing to the Best Caribbean Vacation.
THE DIVING
IT’S GREAT FOR FAMILIES
In addition to providing a wonderful
Beach Vacation, Aruba was recognized
as one of the top wreck diving
destinations in the Caribbean by Scuba
Diving Magazine.
Aruba is the perfect Beach
Vacation for family fun in the sun.
US News & World Report ranked
Aruba among its Best Caribbean
Family Vacations in 2012.
THE ROMANCE
THE WEDDINGS
Many couples who honeymoon in Aruba
continue to return for their
anniversaries year after year.
Destination Wedding named Aruba’s
Eagle Beach one of the Best Caribbean
Beaches for Weddings.
DIRECT FLIGHTS
To enjoy your best Caribbean Vacation, you can hop on a direct flight from many major North American cities to Queen Beatrix
International (AUA).
THE HONEYMOONS
Aruba was named one of the World’s Top Honeymoon
Destinations by Brides Magazine.
OUR NATIONAL PARK
Covering about 20% of the island, Arikok National
Park is an incredible nature preserve, and the largest
national park in the Caribbean.
WE ACCEPT U.S. DOLLARS
No need to exchange your currency—the U.S. Dollar
is widely accepted here.
ADVENTURE SPORTS
Thanks to Aruba’s constant trade winds, it is known as a world-class destination for windsurfing and kitesurfing.
THE FOOD
More than 90 nationalities influence
Aruba’s cuisine, with local dishes like
gouda-glazed keshi yena joining South
American, European and Caribbean
favorites on menus around the island.
For more Information
Email name, tel. # and email address to:
vacations@bstmllc.com
Evelyn Ashford
USA Olympian Extraordinaire
Evelyn Ashford is a
retired
American
athlete, the 1984
Olympic Champion
in the 100 meters.
She has run under
the 11 second barrier
over 30 times, and
was the first to run
under 11 seconds in
an Olympic Games.
Later in the season,
she finally defeated
her main rival Göhr at
the
Weltklasse
meeting in Zürich,
Switzerland. The
race saw Ashford
make up half a
meters or so over
Göhr, and lower her
own World Record to
10.76 seconds. That
race proved to be
Ashford’s personal
record. It still ranks as
the #8 Individual alltime.
Ashford,
u n s u r p r i s i n g l y,
regained her #1
Track & Field News
ranking.
Ashford was born
April 15, 1957, in
S h r e v e p o r t ,
Louisiana.
She
attended Roseville
High School, and
upon graduation,
went to the University
of California at Los
Angeles.
As a 19-year-old,
Ashford finished 5th
in the 100 meters
event at the 1976
Summer Olympics.
After beating the
World Record holders in the 100 meters and 200 meters in
1979, she was one of the potential medalists for the 1980
Summer Olympics, but these Games were boycotted by the
United States.
Ashford was ranked #1 in the world by Track & Field News over
100 meters in 1979 and 1981, and over 200 meters in 1981.
She also was named Track and Field News “Athlete of the Year”
twice, in 1981 and 1984.
On July 3, 1983, she set her first World Record (be it at altitude)
for the 100 meters, running 10.79 seconds at the National Sports
Festival in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and was one of the
favorites to win the 100 meters title at the inaugural World
Championships in Helsinki. In the final, however, she pulled a
hamstring muscle and fell. The other main favorite, Marlies Göhr
of East Germany (who had already beaten Ashford earlier that
year) went on to win.
At the 1984 Summer Olympics, Ashford had a chance to win a
Gold Medal. However, she had to withdraw from the 200 meters
heats with a minor injury. She competed in the 100 meters,
winning the event in a new Olympic Record of 10.97 seconds. As
the anchor runner for 4 x 100 meters relay team, she won a
second Gold Medal. In the absence of World Champions and
world record holders from East Germany, the U.S. Team clocked
one of the fastest times in history, and won by the biggest margin
ever at an Olympics, 1.12 seconds.
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At the 1988 Summer
Olympics, she was
the flag bearer for the
United States Team
at the Opening
Ceremony. She was
beaten in the 100
meters by Florence
Griffith Joyner, who had broken her World Record earlier in the
season at the Olympic Trials. In the 4 x 100 meters relay, she
again ran the final leg, winning her third Olympic Gold Medal
despite a sloppy last exchange that meant she had to make up
some ground on Göhr.
Evelyn Ashford
At her last Olympics in Barcelona, Ashford, aged 35, was
eliminated in the 100 meters semi-finals by 1/100th of a second.
She went on to win her third straight Olympic 4 x 100 meters
relay Gold, this time running 1st leg. She is one of only six women
to have won four Gold Medals in track and field Olympic history.
Ashford twice came back from season ending injuries to reach
the top of the sport in the following year. After injury in 1983, she
became double Olympic Champion in 1984. In 1987, a hamstring
pull prevented her from competing at the World Championships,
then a season later added an Olympic Silver and third Gold
Medal to her collection.On May 30, 1985, she gave birth to her
daughter Raina Ashley Washington, and again came back for
an excellent 1986, losing only once over both the 100 meters
and 200 meters, and earning another #1 ranking by Track &
Field News over the shorter distance.
After parting ways with her coach Pat Connolly (herself a 3-time
Olympian) in 1985, Ashford was largely self-coached. In 1997,
Ashford was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of
Fame, where she is said to be “one of the greatest track and
field runners ever.”
February 2015
29
Black College Football
Hall of Fame Class of 2015
November 5, 2014 (Atlanta, GA) – The Black College Football
Hall of Fame (BCFHOF) announced its Class of 2015. Seven
inductees were selected from a list of 25 Finalists who had
been determined earlier by the BCFHOF Selection Committee.
The Class includes Roger Brown (University of Maryland Eastern
Shore), Richard Dent (Tennessee State University), L.C.
Greenwood (University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff), Ernie “Big Cat”
Ladd (Grambling State University), Ken Riley (Florida A&M
University), Donnie Shell (South Carolina State University) and
Coach W.C. Gorden (Jackson State University).
Votes were tallied from the 13-member Selection Committee,
comprised of prominent journalists, commentators and
historians, as well as former NFL General Managers and
executives, and from previous BCFHOF inductees to determine
the Class of 2015.
Inductees will be honored at the Sixth Annual Black College
Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Ceremony, presented by
the Atlanta Falcons. The event will take place at the recently
opened College Football Hall of Fame in Atlanta, Georgia on
February 28, 2015. For more information please visit
www.BlackCollegeFootballHOF.org.
times, including one for a safety.
During his stint with the Rams, Brown, along with Deacon Jones,
Lamar Lundy, and Merlin Olsen formed a new “Fearsome
Foursome,” the most feared defensive line at the time. He retired
after three seasons with the Rams, ending a career in which he
was an NFL Pro Bowl player for 6 straight seasons (1962–1967)
and a 2-time First-Team All-Pro (1962 and 1963).
Brown was the first NFL player to have a playing weight over
300 pounds, but his size and speed made him one of the most
dynamic players of the time.
In 1997, he was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame.
After his playing career was over, Brown went into the restaurant
business. He started a chain of 8 restaurants in the Chicago
area, and later owned 3 McDonald’s locations in Virginia. Today,
he owns Roger Brown’s Restaurant and Sports Bar in
Portsmouth, Virginia and the Cove Tavern,s in Williamsburg,
and Newport News Virginia. He is active in the Hampton Roads
community, serving on 14 various local boards and committees.
Class of 2015
Roger Brown (Player)
Roger Lee Brown was born May 1, 1937, in Surry
County, Virginia. He is a former American football
defensive tackle who played 10 years in the
National Football League (NFL). He retired after
the 1969 NFL season.
Brown was drafted in the 4th round, 42nd overall,
in the 1960 NFL Draft out of Maryland Eastern Shore
by the Detroit Lions. He was a NAIA All-American
(1958, 1959). He played in the College All-star
game in Chicago, Illinois, against the Baltimore
Colts.
Brown played with the original fearsome foursome
in Detroit, with Alex Karras, Sam Williams and
Darris McCord,
He was named the 1962 Outstanding Defensive
Lineman in the league. He sacked both Bart Starr
and Johnny Unitas for safeties. This
accomplishment tyied an individual NFL record for
safeties scored in a single season; first set in 1932.
He played for the Lions through the 1966 season,
then was traded to the Los Angeles Rams. He was
known for his performance in the “Thanksgiving
Day Massacre” game against the Green Bay
Packers in 1962, where he sacked Bart Starr 6
30
Roger Brown
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February 2015
In 2009, he was inducted into the National Football Foundation
and College Hall of Fame.
Richard Dent (Player)
Richard Lamar Dent was born December 13, 1960, in Atlanta,
Georgia. He is a former American football defensive end, who
played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the National Football
League. His career included stints with the Chicago Bears (19831993), San Francisco 49ers (1994), Chicago Bears (1995),
Indianapolis Colts (1996) and the Philadelphia Eagles (1997).
He was the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of Super Bowl XX. Dent
was a two-time Super Bowl Champion (XX and XXIX). He played
15 seasons in the NFL,
named All-Pro five
times and elected to
four Pro Bowls. He was
elected to the Pro
Football Hall of Fame
in 2011.
up the loose ball and returned it for a touchdown, a moment said
to be a perfect end to the Bears’ season (at home) and others
say the snow was “Papa Bear” George Halas giving his thumbsup to the team. When the Bears went on to defeat the New
England Patriots in 46-10 landslide in Super Bowl XX, Dent was
selected as the game’s MVP. During the game, he shared 1.5
sacks, forced two fumbles, and blocked a pass. He was a
featured soloist of the “Shuffling Crew” in the video the “Super
Bowl Shuffle” in 1985:
“The sackman’s comin,’ I’m your man Dent. If the quarterback’s
slow, He’s gonna get bent. We stop the run, we stop the pass, I
After graduating in
1983, and playing four
years at Tennessee
State University, Dent
was drafted in the
eighth round by the
Bears, with 203rd
overall pick in the 1983
NFL Draft.
Richard Dent
At 6 feet, 5 inches and
265 pounds, Dent was
a great pass rusher
who beat offensive
tackles with his speed.
He was part of the core
of great players who
made the Bears’
defenses of the 1980s
legendary. Between
1984 and 1985, Dent
recorded 34.5 sacks,
while recording a teamrecord 17.5 sacks in the
former season. He is a
member of 100 sacks
club (137.5 career
sacks).
In the 1985 season, Dent and the Bears had one of the most
spectacular seasons in NFL history, finishing the season with a
15-1 record and shutting out both their opponents in the playoffs.
Dent was a major factor in Chicago’s success, leading the NFL
with 17 sacks, while recovering two fumbles and intercepting
two passes (one of which was returned for a touchdown). In the
1985 playoffs, Dent was phenomenal, performing in what was
quite possibly the most impressive defensive postseason
performance in history. In the divisional playoff game in which
the Bears hosted the New York Giants, Dent recorded seven
tackles, three and a half sacks, and two forced fumbles. In the
NFC Championship Game, he, along with teammate Wilber
Marshall, provided one of the most memorable playoff moments
in history. Late in the 4th quarter and snow just starting,
quarterback Dieter Brock dropped back to pass, but Dent got
there and sacked him, knocking the ball loose. Marshall picked
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like to dump guys on their #&$! We love to play for the world’s
best fans, You better start makin’ your Super Bowl plans!”
Dent would remain with the team until the end of the 1993 season,
after the Bears had won just one playoff game since their loss to
the San Francisco 49ers in the 1988 NFC Championship Game,
and head coach Mike Ditka had been replaced by Dave
Wannstedt.
He won another Super Bowl ring after spending the 1994 season
under contract with the 49ers, though he spent almost the whole
year injured. Injuries would continue to hamper him after his
return to Chicago in 1995. He would spend 1996 and 1997 with
the Indianapolis Colts and Philadelphia Eagles, respectively,
playing the so-called designated pass rusher for them.
Dent retired after the 1997 season. His lifetime statistics included
137.5 sacks and eight interceptions; he returned these picks for
February 2015
31
89 yards and one touchdown. He also recovered 13 fumbles,
returning them for 56 yards and one touchdown. He had 124.5
sacks during his first stint with the Bears, from 1983 to 1993. At
the time of his retirement, his 137.5 sacks ranked him third in
NFL history behind Reggie White and Bruce Smith.
During Super Bowl XLIV, Dent joined other members of the 1985
Chicago Bears in resurrecting the “Super Bowl Shuffle” in a
Boost Mobile commercial.
He has been nominated numerous times for the Pro Football
Hall of Fame. In 2005-2009, he was among the top 15 finalists
in the selection process. After several years of unsuccessful
nominations, he was finally selected for enshrinement in the
Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio on February 5, 2011.
His induction speech was notable for omitting any mention of
both Ditka and Chicago defensive coordinator Buddy Ryan.
Dent was also inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame on
February 15, 2008.
According to a DNA analysis, Dent descended mainly from the
Mende people of the country Sierra Leone and Balanta people of
the country Guinea Bissau (both African countries).
All-American defensive lineman in the Southwestern Athletic
Conference (SWAC).
Greenwood was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1969, in
the 10th round. In 1971, he became the starting left defensive
end. One of the four members of Pittsburgh’s famous Steel
Curtain, he would remain there until retirement in 1981.
Greenwood, who was 6 feet 6 inches tall and weighed 245
pounds, was a six-time Pro Bowl player, and was named to NFL
All-Pro teams in 1974 and 1975. He was named All-AFC five
times. He also led the Steelers six times in sacks with a career
total of 73½ (sacks were an unofficial stat at the time). According
to records kept by the Steelers, Greenwood’s highest singleseason sack total was 11, which he attained in 1974. He further
had 14 fumble recoveries in his career, including five in 1971,
which tied for the NFL lead. He had a recorded time of 4.7 seconds
in the 40-yard dash, and that speed allowed him to dominate his
position.
In Super Bowl IX against the Minnesota Vikings, Greenwood
batted down two passes from Fran Tarkenton. In Super Bowl X
against the Dallas Cowboys, he sacked Roger Staubach four
times. Greenwood played in all four of the Steelers Super Bowl
victories in the 1970s. Unofficially, he had five sacks in the four
Super Bowl appearances.
L.C. Greenwood (Player)
L. C. Henderson Greenwood was an American football defensive
end for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League.
Greenwood was born September 8, 1946, in Canton,
Mississippi. He graduated from Arkansas AM&N (now University
of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. He was also named the 1968 Ebony
Greenwood was known for wearing gold-colored shoes on the
football field. (By today’s NFL rules, Greenwood would be fined
since it would not be in uniform with the rest of the team.) He
was called “Hollywood Bags” because he claimed he kept his
bags packed and ready so he could leave for Hollywood at a
moment’s notice. He was a finalist in the 2005 Pro Football Hall
of Fame voting but did not get elected. He was again a finalist in
2006, but was not elected. Greenwood has stated that while he
would be honored if he were to be inducted into the Hall of
Fame, he would not be upset if he were not elected, feeling that
the Steelers already in the Hall (in particular, “Mean Joe” Greene)
represent the entire team’s accomplishments.
In 1991, Greenwood was named to the Super Bowl Silver
Anniversary Team, and in 2007, he was named to the Steelers
All-Time Team. He was named to the 1970s NFL All-Decade
Team.
Greenwood died of kidney failure on September 29, 2013. He
was 67 years old.
Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd (Player)
Ernest “Ernie” Ladd, nicknamed “The Big Cat”, was an American
collegiate and professional football player and a professional
wrestler.
Ladd was born November 28, 1938, in Rayville, Louisiana and
raised in Orange, Texas. He was a football and basketball star
in high school. In high school, he was coached by William Ray
Smith, Sr., father of Bubba Smith. Ladd subsequently attended
Grambling State University on a basketball scholarship.
He was drafted by the American Football League’s (AFL) San
Diego Chargers in 1961. Ladd found success in the AFL as one
of the largest players in professional football history at 6' 9" and
315 pounds. Ladd was said to be the biggest and strongest
man in professional football during his era: 52-inch chest, 39inch waist, 20-inch biceps, 19-inch neck and size 18D shoes.
#68 - L.C. Greenwood
32
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Ladd, an American Football League All-Star from 1962 through
February 2015
1965, was one of the AFL players that organized a walkout on the
1965 AFL All-Star Game due to the racism they experienced in
New Orleans.
Although Ladd found success with the Chargers, he had a
contentious relationship with the Chargers front office. He started
the 1965 season being indefinitely suspended from the team by
Coach/General Manager Sid Gillman.
Ladd stated that he and
teammate Earl Faison
would play out their
contract options, opting to
take a 10 percent cut in
salary in exchange for
becoming free agents at
the end of the season. A
planned trade with the
Oilers in early 1966
would have sent Faison
and Ladd to Houston.
However, both were
declared free agents
after a ruling by AFL
commissioner
Joe
Foss, whom declared
that Oilers owner Bud
Adams had tampered in
trade dealings with the
Chargers. Ladd refused
to re-sign with the
Chargers
and
suggested he might
instead
turn
to
professional wrestling
full-time.
draw in short order. When knee problems cut his football career
short, Ladd turned to the more financially lucrative business of
wrestling full-time in 1969. After a run as a fan favorite, he
became one of wrestling’s most hated heels during the 1970s,
as well as one of the first Black wrestlers to portray a heel
character. He riled crowds with his arrogant and colorful
demeanor during interviews, especially with his less than
politically correct nicknames for opponents such as Wahoo
McDaniel (whom he referred to as “the Drunken Indian”), and Mr.
Wrestling (whom he
called “the Masked
Varmint” and insisted that
he was an escaped
criminal). Ladd also
gained infamy through
use of his controversial
taped thumb, which he
claimed was from an old
football injury. Often,
when Ladd appeared to
be in serious trouble
during a match, he’d walk
out of the arena and
accept a count-out loss.
This practice has since
become known as
“pulling an Ernie Ladd” in
some circles.
Ladd wrestled for a
number of different
wrestling associations,
including the World Wide
Wrestling Federation
(WWWF) where he was
managed by The Grand
Wizard of Wrestling.
Eventually, Ladd signed
with the Oilers and spent
the 1966 season playing
for them before moving in
1967 to the Kansas City
Chiefs. There, with
former
Grambling
teammate
Buck
Buchanan, he filled out
what was probably the biggest defensive tackle tandem in history.
Both Ladd and Buchanan are members of the Grambling State
University Athletic Hall of Fame.
#77 - Ernie “Big Cat” Ladd
Boston Patriots center Jon Morris said Ladd was so big, he
blocked out the sun: “It was dark. I couldn’t see the linebackers.
I couldn’t see the goalposts. It was like being locked in a closet.”
In 1981, he was inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of
Fame.
Ladd was recognized for his careers in both football and
wrestling. He was inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of
Fame in 1981, the Grambling State University Hall of Fame in
1989 and the WWF Hall of Fame in 1995.
Ladd started wrestling in 1961. As a publicity stunt, some
wrestlers in the San Diego area challenged Ladd to a private
wrestling workout. Before long, Ladd was a part-time competitor
in Los Angeles, during football’s off-season. He became a huge
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Known for his immense
size and power, it was a
natural for Ladd to
engage in feuds with
other giants, including a
famous feud with André
the Giant (whom Ladd
referred to as “Andre the
Dummy” or “The Big Fat
French Fry” during interviews).
In certain areas, Ladd’s wrestling nickname was “The King,”
and he would wear an ornate crown to emphasize it.
In other wrestling associations, he was “The Big Cat,” and walked
in with a big cowboy hat.
Ladd challenged Bruno Sammartino one time at Madison Square
Garden for the WWWF title when Bruno reigned, handily pinning
Earl “Mr. Universe” Maynard the month prior. He also challenged
Pedro Morales for the same title during the latter’s reign. In 1978,
he wrestled WWWF champion Bob Backlund. When the
International Wrestling Association had its brief run in the New
York area, Ladd lost a 2 out of 3 fall match to champion Mil
Mascaras, 2 falls to 1 (he pinned Mascaras the first fall, was
disqualified in the second, and was pinned by Mascaras in the
third). This match took place at Roosevelt Stadium, in Jersey
City, New Jersey.
February 2015
33
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After leaving the WWWF, Ladd ventured to the Mid-South territory
promoted by Bill Watts.
While in the Mid-South area, Ladd feuded with Paul Orndorff,
Ray Candy, and Junkyard Dog. He also served as a manager to
Afa & Sika, the Wild Samoans. Ladd also had a decent run as
part of a tag team with “Bad” Leroy Brown in the early 1980s.
Ladd would also assist Watts as a booker behind the scenes,
and had a large part in the development of Sylvester Ritter as the
area’s top draw.
He retired from wrestling in 1986 due to recurring knee problems.
In 1986, Ladd returned to the WWWF as a color commentator.
He called the 20 Man Battle Royal at Wrestlemania 2 (which
featured NFL players). He also teamed with Gorilla Monsoon &
Johnny Valiant at the broadcast booth during The Big Event at
C.N.E. Stadium in Toronto, Canada. Then afterwards, Ladd quietly
left the WWWF.
He was inducted into the WWWF
Hall of Fame in 1995.
Ladd owned and operated Big Cat
Ernie Ladd’s “Throwdown” BBQ
Restaurant in New Orleans,
Louisiana, until August 29, 2005,
when it was destroyed by
Hurricane Katrina. In the
hurricane’s
aftermath,
he
ministered to Katrina evacuees at
the Astrodome. He was a friend of
WWWE
Hall
of
Fame
commentator Jim Ross.
selected to play in the AFL All-Star Game or the AFC-NFC Pro
Bowl, and to this date has not been voted into the Pro Football
Hall of Fame.
Riley was born August 6, 1947, in Bartow, Florida. Before his
professional career, he played quarterback for Florida A&M
University. In addition to being a skilled athlete, Riley also excelled
academically. He earned his team’s scholastic award and a
Rhodes Scholar Candidacy. In 1977, he was enshrined in Florida
A&M’s Athletic Hall of Fame.
After graduating from college, Riley was selected by the Bengals
in the 6th round of the 1969 Common Draft.
When Riley reported to training camp, Cincinnati head coach
Paul Brown decided to convert Riley to the cornerback position.
Brown’s decision turned out to be a very good one. Riley made
an immediate impact for the Bengals as a defensive back,
recording 4 interceptions and 66
return yards. He also recovered 2
fumbles, added another 334 yards
on 14 kickoff returns, and even
caught 2 passes for 15 yards on
offense.
For the rest of his career, Riley
established himself as one of the
top defensive backs in Pro
Football, recording 3 or more
interceptions in all but 3 of his 15
seasons. His best season was
in 1976, when he recorded 9
interceptions, 141 return yards, 1
touchdown, and 2 fumble
recoveries. His 9 interceptions set
a franchise record for most
interceptions in one season, and
would remain the team record for
30 years until it was broken by
Deltha O’Neal in 2005. He also
set a record that year by
intercepting 3 passes in the final
game of the season; a 42-3 win
over New York Jets. Riley
intercepted Richard Todd once
and future hall of fame
quarterback Joe Namath twice. It
was Namath’s final game as a
New York Jet.
He also appeared in an episode
of That ’70s Show entitled “That
Wrestling Show.” He was in the
locker room with The Rock, who
was playing his father “Soul Man”
Rocky Johnson, whom Eric & Red
were seeking an autograph from.
Ladd was also a basketball coach
for young kids in Franklin,
Louisiana.
Ladd was diagnosed with colon
cancer in the winter of 2003-2004.
His doctor told him that he had
three to six months to live. Ladd
died several years later on March
10, 2007, at the age of 68. He was survived by his wife of 45
years and their four children.
#13 - Ken Riley
Ken Riley (Player)
Kenneth Jerome Riley is a former professional defensive back
who played his entire career for the Cincinnati Bengals, in the
American Football League (AFL) in 1969 and in the NFL from
1970 through 1983. Riley recorded 65 interceptions in his career,
which was the fourth most in Pro Football history at the time of
his retirement behind three members of the Pro Football Hall of
Fame; Dick Lane, Emlen Tunnell and Paul Krause. But despite
his accomplishments, Riley was never an exceptionally popular
or well known player. In his 15 seasons, Riley was never once
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Since then, several Bengals
players have tied the record
(including Riley, who did it again in a 1982 game, picking off 3
passes from Oakland Raiders quarterback Jim Plunkett). But,
nobody has broken it. Despite his success in the 1976 season,
Riley was not selected to play in the Pro Bowl. Meanwhile, his
defensive back teammate Lemar Parrish, who recorded just 2
interceptions and missed half the season with injuries, was a
Pro Bowl selection.
Riley continued to be an impact player for Cincinnati throughout
the rest of his career. In 1981, he recorded 5 interceptions and 1
fumble recovery, assisting his team to their first ever Super Bowl
appearance against the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XVI.
In his final NFL season (1983), the 36-year old Riley recorded 8
interceptions, 89 return yards, 2 touchdowns, and 2 fumble
February 2015
35
was a member of the Steelers famed Steel Curtain defense in
the 1970s.
recoveries.
In his 15 pro football seasons, Riley recorded a total of 65
interceptions, 596 return yards, 5 touchdowns, 18 fumble
recoveries, 96 fumble return yards, 334 kickoff return yards, and
15 receiving yards. His interceptions, interception return yards,
and interceptions returned for touchdowns are all Bengals
records.
After his pro football playing career ended, Riley spent two years
as an assistant coach for the Green Bay Packers. Then in 1986,
he took over as the head coach of his alma mater, Florida A&M.
He coached Florida A&M from 1986–1993, compiling a 48-39-2
record, with two Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Titles and 2
MEAC Coach of the Year Awards. Riley then served as Florida
A&M’s Athletic Director from 1994-2003. He is now retired and
living in his hometown of Bartow, Florida.
Commenting about not yet being enshrined in the Hall of Fame,
Riley said “I think my numbers are deserving of the Hall of Fame.
I’ve always been a modest and low-key type guy. I’ve always
thought your work would speak for you. It’s like it’s working
against me now because the older you get and the longer you
stay out of it, people forget who you are.”
In 2007, he was named to the Florida High School Association
All-Century Team which selected the Top 33 players in the 100
year history of high school football in the state of Florida’s history.
Donnie Shell (Player)
Donnie Shell is a former strong safety for the Pittsburgh Steelers
in the National Football League between 1974 and 1987. He
Shell retired as the NFL strong safety career leader in
interceptions with 51. He started eleven straight years for the
Steelers and was selected to the Steelers All-Time Team, the
College Football Hall of Fame, and to the NFL Silver Anniversary
Super Bowl Team.
Shell was born August 26, 1952, in Whitmire, South Carolina.
He played college football for Willie Jeffries at South Carolina
State University, where he was teammates with future New York
Giants and Hall of Fame linebacker Harry Carson.
He earned All-American and All conference honors as a member
of the South Carolina State Bulldogs. He was inducted into the
College Football Hall of Fame in 1998. He was signed undrafted
by the Steelers.
Shell was a five time Pro Bowler between 1978 and 1982, a 4
time All-Pro selection, and was the Steelers team MVP in 1980.
He saved several possible six points in Super Bowl XIII and
Super Bowl XIV. He had been in the top fifteen in balloting for the
Pro Football Hall of Fame once before, in 2002 but with no
success.
Shell resides in Rock Hill, South Carolina and was the Carolina
Panthers Director of Player Development from 1994 to 2009.
With the lone exception of former Steelers safety Mike Logan,
who grew up in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, just outside of
Pittsburgh, Shell’s number 31 has not been reissued by the
eam.
#31 - Donnie Shell
36
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February 2015
He played in 201 games for the Steelers, second only to Hall of
Fame Center Mike Webster (who played in 220).
Shell is a four-time Super Bowl Champion (IX, X, XII, XIV). He
was named to Black College 100-Year Team.
W.C. Gorden (Coach)
William C. Gorden was born June 30, 1930, in Nashville,
Tennessee. He is a former football player and coach. He served
as the head coach at Jackson State University (JSU) from 1977
to 1991, compiling a record of 118–47–5.
Gorden was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as
a coach in 2008. He is an alumnus of Tennessee State University.
As the winningest coach in Jackson State history, W.C. Gorden
established himself as one of the most successful mentors in
Football Championship Subdivision annals during his 15-year
head coaching career. During the Gorden era, the Tigers won
eight Southwest Athletic Conference titles; made nine trips to
the NCAA playoffs; and won a SWAC-record 28 consecutive
conference games from 1985-89.
Coach
W.C. Gorden
JSU also led the Football Championship Subdivision (formerly
Division I-AA) in game attendance seven times under Gorden’s
watch.
In 1985, he coached the SWAC all-stars to a 16-14 victory over
the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) team in the third
annual Freedom Bowl.
Named conference Coach of the Year six times, Gorden was a
1994 inductee into the SWAC Hall of Fame. The Nashville,
Tennessee native was inducted into the Mississippi Sports Hall
of Fame in 1997. He was the 1997 recipient of the Capital City
Classic Humanitarian Award.
After retiring from coaching at JSU, he served as the university’s
Athletics Director for two years, and has since become actively
involved in community service and governmental affairs. Currently
a motivational speaker, Gorden resides in Jackson, Mississippi.
Head Coaching Record
Year
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
Team
Jackson
Jackson
Jackson
Jackson
Jackson
Overall
8–3
10–2
8–3
8–3
9–2–1
Conference
5–1
5–1
4–2
5–1
5–1
Standing
2nd
2nd
T–3rd
T–1st
1st
1982
Jackson State
9–3
6–0
1st
1983
1984
1985
Jackson State
Jackson State
Jackson State
8–3
4–5–1
8–3
5–2
3–4
6–1
T–2nd
5th
T–1st
1986
Jackson State
9–3
7–0
1st
1987
Jackson State
8–3–1
7–0
1st
1988
Jackson State
8–1–2
7–0
1st
1989
1990
Jackson State
Jackson State
8–4
8–4
5–2
5–1
T–2nd
1st
5–5
118–47–5
118–47–5
3–4
-----
6th
-----
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February 2015
State
State
State
State
State
1991
Jackson State
Jackson State:
Total:
Bowl/playoffs
----L NCAA Division I-AA Semifinal
----W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA Quarterfinal
W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
--------L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
L NCAA Division I-AA First Round
W Conference Title
---------
37
Spotlight On:
Johnny Grier
First African-American
Referee in the History of the NFL
Johnny Grier was an American
football official for 23 years in
the National Football League
(NFL) from 1981 to 2004. He
began in the NFL as a field
judge before becoming the first
African-American referee in the
history of the NFL with the start
of the 1988 NFL season.
Grier has officiated in one
Super Bowl, Super Bowl XXII in
1988, which was his last game
as a field judge and the same
game in which Doug Williams
became the first AfricanAmerican quarterback to win the
Super Bowl. On the field, he
wore uniform number 23, which
is now worn by Jerome Boger,
another
African-American
referee.
Grier attended college at the
University of the District of
Columbia.
Johnny Grier
Grier began officiating football
at age 18, and started as a high school football official in 1965,
later moved on to college football in 1972, and eventually the
NFL in 1981. His
career
ended
abruptly during the
2004 NFL season
when he was
forced to retire
due to a leg injury
suffered during a
series of games.
He was replaced
by the back judge
on his crew, Scott
Green, who had
p r e v i o u s
experience as a
referee in NFL
Johnny
Europe.
Champions aren’t made in gyms, champions are
made from something they have deep inside them
— a desire, a dream, a vision. They have to have
last-minute stamina, they have to be a little faster,
they have to have the skill and the will. But the will
must be stronger than the skill.
Grier
Grier now serves
as an officiating
supervisor for the
NFL and previously served as Supervisor of Football Officials for
the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC).
38
BSTM
February 2015
Muhammad Ali
Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club
7600 Mystic Dunes Lane - Celebration, FL 34747
Located just two miles south of Walt Disney World® Resort and minutes from Universal
Orlando® Resort, Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club features: Spacious one, two &
three-bedroom villas; Fully equipped kitchens; Private whirlpool baths; Large screen
TVs; 18-hole championship golf course; Four swimming pools; 18-hole miniature golf
course; Onsite dining options; and Family and supervised children’s activities.
Built on one of the highest elevations in the area, Mystic Dunes Resort & Golf Club is
nestled on over 600 acres of lush Florida nature preserves and rolling hills, just
minutes away from Orlando’s major
theme parks and attractions. Most
villas have views of the scenic
resort grounds or Mystic Dunes
golf course.
Accommodations
Choose from 986 spacious one, two and three-bedroom villas, each with a breakfast
bar and/or dining area and a fully equipped kitchen. Relax with a private whirlpool
bath in the master bedroom. Enjoy multiple color TVs (52" TVs are featured in our
two and three-bedroom villas).
Our standard one-bedroom villa (with one queen bed) or deluxe one-bedroom villa
(with one king bed) sleeps up to four; both include a queen-size sleeper sofa for
extra guests. Our standard two-bedroom villa sleeps up to eight—complete with a
king bed in one bedroom, two queen beds in the second bedroom and a queen-size
sleeper sofa.
For maximum space, our three-bedroom lock-off villa sleeps up to twelve—featuring
a king bed in one bedroom, two queen beds in the second bedroom and one queen
bed in the third bedroom. This villa also includes two living areas, both with queen
sleeper sofas.
Dining
When mealtime comes, there’s no need to leave
the comfort of your resort with the variety of
dining options available to you.
Service and Amenities
Gated entrance; 18 hole par 71 championship golf course; 18 hole miniature golf course;
4 resort pools, including Dunes Lagoon* with two-story water slide and private cabanas;
Tennis & basketball courts; Family and supervised children’s activities; Bicycle rentals;
Kenzie’s full service restaurant and bar; Room service; Maui Pizza Delivery Service; Grocery
Delivery Service; Discounted attraction tickets; Complimentary shuttle transportation to Walt
Disney World®, Universal Orlando®, and SeaWorld® Orlando theme parks; Local
transportation services (provided by Platinum Transportation Inc.); High speed Internet
service; Dry cleaning service; Fax service; Express check-out; Catering & banquet services;
and Wheelchair accessible resort facilities.
Mystic Dunes Golf Club
Designed by Champions Tour Player and NBC golf analyst Gary
Koch and rated a 4 1/2 Star course by Golf Digest magazine,
Mystic Dunes Golf Club is renowned as one of the most unique
courses in all of Florida.
With 80-foot elevation changes, rolling sand dunes, mature oaks and large wetland areas, the par 71
course offers two distinctly different nines. The “low country” style front nine is reminiscent of classic
Carolina courses, meandering through native wetlands and marsh areas, bordering oak and cypress
forests. The back nine features the characteristics of a British Isles links course, with extensive
perimeter mounding and pot bunkers, and lush, rolling fairways. The course also includes several
signature holes, 36 bunkers, two holes with surrounding water and two holes as designated island holes.
Take advantage of the 60,000 sq. ft. practice facility including a driving range, chipping and putting greens and practice bunkers.
Check out the extensive Pro Shop, where you’ll find the latest in golf fashion and equipment for both men and women.
For more information,
email your:
Name - address - tel. # to
vacations@bstmllc.com
UCLA Announces
Jackie Robinson Athletics and
Recreation Complex
Los Angeles, California – The University of California at Los
Angeles (UCLA) announced
that it is naming a series of
recreation and athletics
facilities in honor of Jackie
Robinson, the legendary foursport Bruin star who went on to
break the color barrier in Major
League Baseball, and earn a
place in Baseball’s Hall of
Fame.
“Jackie Robinson’s name and
his legacy are an honor to this
University, and to all the
students and student-athletes
who will continue to be inspired
by his courage, dignity and
grace,” said UCLA Chancellor
Gene Block. “Jackie detested
Rachel Robinson (l), the Wife of Jackie Robinson
injustice, fought for civil rights
and his spirit of breaking
barriers has been and always will be a guiding force of UCLA In an official naming ceremony on the Drake Stadium concourse,
past, present and future.”
UCLA officials said 22 facilities will be named the Jackie
Robinson
Athletics
and
Recreation Complex. They
include: Acosta Athletic Training
Complex, Bruin Fitness Center,
Elvin C. “Ducky” Drake Track &
Field Stadium, Easton Stadium,
Gifford Golf Practice Facility, Hitch
Outdoor Basketball Courts, UCLA
Intramural Playing Fields, Jackie
Robinson Stadium, J.D. Morgan
Athletics Center, John Wooden
Center, Kinross Recreation
Center, Los Angeles Tennis
Center, UCLA Marina Aquatics
Center, North Athletic Field, North
Pool, Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion,
South Pool, Spaulding Field,
Spieker Aquatics Center, Student
Activities Center, Sunset Canyon
Recreation Center and Sycamore
Tennis Courts.
Jackie Robinson
40
BSTM
February 2015
The naming ceremony included
remarks from Chancellor Block,
UCLA Athletic Director Dan
Guerrero and Vice Chancellor
Janina Montero. To a crowd of
distinguished guests, Rachel
Robinson, the wife of Jackie
Robinson and a UCLA Medal
recipient, recalled both her
Jackie Robinson
husband’s legacy and their time
together at UCLA. The ceremony,
which culminated in a celebratory
naming and photo opportunity to
commemorate the occasion, is the
first of two special events
celebrating the legacy of Jackie
Robinson on the 75th anniversary
of his arrival at UCLA.
“Jackie Robinson was one of the
great athletes of the 20th Century,”
said Guerrero. “Yet for all of Jackie’s
athletic achievements, it is his
humanity that sets him apart from
the others. As UCLA Athletic
Director, I expect our studentathletes to represent the university
with class, character and dignity
under any and all circumstances –
in short, I expect them to meet the
standard set forth by Jackie
Robinson.”
Chief among campus’ recognition
of the complex will be an in-ground
number 42 at each entry point to
UCLA’s
training
centers,
competition sites, fields and
stadiums as a reminder of
Robinson’s tremendous courage in
the face of adversity.
“The name Jackie Robinson is
synonymous with excellence and
sports equity,” said Mick Deluca,
Assistant Vice Chancellor of
Campus Life. “It is a tremendous
honor and testament to inclusion
knowing that going forward, UCLA
students, faculty, staff, and athletes
of various backgrounds, interests
and abilities will have the
opportunity to participate in an
athletics and recreation complex
that now bears his name.”
Jackie Robinson Statue at UCLA
On Saturday, November 22, during
the first quarter break of the UCLAUSC football game at the Rose Bowl, Jackie Robinson’s legacy Six years later, Jackie Robinson claimed a place in history.
Wearing number 42 for the Brooklyn Dodgers, on April 15, 1947,
was honored through a special in-stadium video.
he shattered the color barrier in Major League Baseball forever.
Additionally, to celebrate the naming of Jackie Robinson Athletics Despite enduring racial abuse, jeers of fans and fellow players,
and Recreation Complex, Robinson’s iconic number 42 was death threats and profound harassment, he endured it all with
painted onto the Rose Bowl field and worn on the helmets of grace and dignity - not to mention exceptional play - earning
Rookie of the Year honors and a National League Most Valuable
each UCLA football player.
Player Award in addition to helping the Dodgers win the 1955
Seventy-five years ago, Jackie Robinson claimed a place at World Series. A career .311 hitter, Robinson played in six World
UCLA. From 1939 to 1941, he starred in four sports. In football, Series, six consecutive All-Star games was inducted into the
Robinson played both offense and defense, returned punts, Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962 during his first year of eligibility.
caught and threw passes, kicked extra points and in the process,
earned honorable mention All-American accolades. In basketball, Fighting tirelessly for civil rights and integration in professional
he twice led the Pacific Coast Conference in scoring. In track, he sports long after his time on the diamond was over, Robinson
won the NCAA championship in the broad jump. And in baseball, perhaps best summed up his own legacy with a typically
he began his legendary journey as a highly-regarded shortstop understated yet poignant quote – “A life is not important except in
the impact it has on other lives.”
for the Bruins.
40
BSTM
February 2015
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Announces 2015 Basketball Broadcast Schedule
Games and Times are Subject to Change
1-Jan
3-Jan
3-Jan
5-Jan
5-Jan
8-Jan
10-Jan
10-Jan
17-Jan
18-Jan
19-Jan
19-Jan
21-Jan
24-Jan
24-Jan
28-Jan
31-Jan
31-Jan
JANUARY
Thu.
Sat.
Sat.
Mon.
Mon.
Thu.
Sat.
Sat.
Sat.
Sun.
Mon.
Mon.
Wed.
Sat.
Sat.
Sat.
Sat.
Sat.
FEBRUARY
Mon.
Sat.
Sat.
Mon.
Sat.
Sat.
Sat.
Mon.
Mon.
Sat.
Sat.
Mon.
2-Feb
7-Feb
7-Feb
9-Feb
14-Feb
14-Feb
14-Feb
16-Feb
16-Feb
21-Feb
21-Feb
23-Feb
2/24-2/28
28-Feb
Sat.
28-Feb
Sat.
MARCH
03/2-03/07
2-Mar
Mon.
2-Mar
Mon.
5-Mar
Thu.
5-Mar
Thu.
3/10-3/14
Livingstone @ Bowie State (DH)
Winston-Salem @ Lincoln (DH)
Grambling @ Ala. State (DH)
Jackson State @ Ala. State (DH)
WSSU @ Bowie State (DH)
Fay. State @ Lincoln (DH)
Morgan State @ Delaware State(DH)
Va. State @ Livingstone (DH)
Lincoln @ Bowie State (DH)
Va. State @ Va. Union
NCCU @ Hampton (DH)
Bethune @Morgan State (DH)
Va. Union @ Bowie State (DH)
Lincoln @ Va. Union (DH)
Alcorn State @ Ala. State (DH)
Va. State @ Bowie State (DH)
Livingstone @ WSSU
Morgan State @ Howard (DH)
Bowie, MD
Lincoln, PA
Montgomery, AL
Montgomery, AL
Bowie, MD
Lincoln, PA
Dover, DE
Salisbury, NC
Bowie, MD
Richmond, VA
Hampton, VA
Baltimore, MD
Bowie, MD
Richmond, VA
Montgomery, AL
Bowie, MD
Winston-Salem,NC
Washington, DC
5:30/7:30p
5:30/7:30p
4p/6p
6:30/8:30p
5:30/7:30p
5:30/7:30p
2p/4p
TBA
1p/4p
7:00p
6p/8p
5:30/7:30p
5:30/7:30p
2p/4p
4p/6p
5:30/7:30p
2p/4p
2p/4p
Morgan State @ Coppin (DH)
Baltimore, MD
5:30/7:30p
NCCU @ NCCU @ N.C. A&T (DH)
Greensboro, NC
4p/6p
Bowie State @ Lincoln (DH)
Lincoln, PA
2p/4p
Mississippi Valley @ ASU (DH)
Montgomery, AL
6:30/8:30p
Shaw @ St. Augustine (DH)
Raleigh, NC
2p/4p
Delaware State@ UMES (DH)
Princess Anne, MD
2p/4p
AAMU @ ASU
Montgomery, AL
6pm
Hampton @ Morgan State (DH)
Baltimore, MD
5:30/7:30p
Coppin @ Delaware State (DH)
Dover, DE
5:30/7:30p
Morgan State & NCCU (DH)
Durham, NC
4p/6p
Virginia State @ Lincoln (DH)
Lincoln, PA
2p/4p
Morgan State @ N.C. A&T (DH)
Greensboro, NC
5:30/7:30p
CIAA CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - CHARLOTTE, NC
Coppin State @ Morgan (DH)
Baltimore, MD
2p/4p
Hampton @ Howard (DH)
Washington, DC
5p/7p
SIAC CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - BIRMINGHAM, AL
Norfolk State @ Howard (DH)
Washington, DC
5:30/7:30p
Prairie View @ ASU (DH)
Montgomery, AL
6:30/8:30p
N.C. A&T @ NCCU (DH)
Durham, NC
5:30/7:30p
Morgan State @ UMES (DH)
Princess Anne, MD
5:30/7:30p
SWAC CHAMPIONSHIP BASKETBALL TOURNAMENT - HOUSTON, TX
About Heritage Sports Radio Network
Founded in 2006, HSRN was created to provide a sports voice for the HBCU community. For over 100 years, HBCUs have
participated in collegiate athletics with little to no media coverage. Stars like Walter Payton, Doug Williams and Michael Strahan
are just a few of the many superstars who were HBCU athletes. There are approximately 7 million fans of HBCU sports who
were media orphans in search of a home. HSRN is the only national radio network dedicated to HBCU sports. Our goal is to
fuse the greats of the past with the stars of today to showcase the significance of this unique colorful and underserved sports
community.