Known detail about chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degeneration of neurons caused by various head injuries, usually in athletes, but also in soldiers who have been exposed to an explosion. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy Treatment develops in some retired professional soccer players and other athletes who have suffered repeated injuries to the head and in some soldiers who have suffered a head injury due to an explosion (wave injury) expansive) during combat. Experts still do not know why only certain people who have repeatedly suffered head injuries develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy or how many injuries and how much force is required to cause this disorder. About 3% of athletes who have suffered several concussions (although apparently unimportant) develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Symptom of chronic traumatic encephalopathy Below are some CTE Syndrome Symptoms: • Changes in mood: they feel depressed, irritable and / or hopeless, which sometimes leads to suicidal thoughts. • Changes in behaviour: act impulsively or aggressively or lose temper easily. • Changes in mental functionality: they become forgetful, have problems planning and organizing or become confused. It can develop dementia. • Problems related to the muscles: they move slowly, they become uncoordinated and / or have problems to physically produce speech (dysarthria). It is possible that the affected person does not present symptoms until later stages of life, sometimes starting at 60 years of age. Or it may happen that the mood and behaviour can change during early adulthood (for example during the thirties) and mental dysfunction happens later. Diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy • Medical evaluation Doctors suspect chronic traumatic encephalopathy in people who: • They have suffered various injuries to the head • They have characteristic symptoms of the disease • They do not suffer from another condition that can better explain their symptoms No test, including imaging tests, can confirm the CTE Symptoms And Treatment. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy can only be definitively diagnosed after death, by autopsy. Treatment of CTE Below is some CTE Treatment: • Security and support measures • Advice • Medications to relieve symptoms There is no specific treatment. The safety measures and support, as in other types of dementia, may be beneficial. Caregivers must take care of themselves Caring for people with dementia is a stressful and demanding activity, and caregivers can become depressed and exhausted and often neglect their own physical and mental health. Caregivers will benefit from the following measures: • Learning to effectively meet the needs of those affected by dementia and what can be expected from them: Caregivers can obtain this information through nurses, social workers, organizations and in material published on paper or online. • Seek help when needed: Caregivers can consult social workers (such as those at your local hospital) about appropriate sources of help, such as day care programs, nursing home visits, assistance part-time or full-time for household chores and admission to welfare centres. Counselling and support groups can also be beneficial. • Take care of them: Caregivers have to remember that they have to take care of themselves. They should not give up their friends, their hobbies and their activities.
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